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Cd
 

Updated: April 17, 2012

Applies To: Windows Vista, Windows Server 2008, Windows Server 2012, Windows 8

Displays the name of or changes the current directory. If used with only a drive letter (for example, cd C:), cd displays the names of the current directory in the specified drive. If used without parameters, cd displays the current drive and directory.

System_CAPS_noteNote

This command is the same as the chdir command.

For examples of how to use this command, see Examples.

Syntax
cd [/d] [<Drive>:][<Path>]
cd [..]
chdir [/d] [<Drive>:][<Path>]
chdir [..]
Parameters

Parameter

Description

/d

Changes the current drive as well as the current directory for a drive.

<Drive>:

Specifies the drive to display or change (if different from the current drive).

<Path>

Specifies the path to the directory that you want to display or change.

[..]

Specifies that you want to change to the parent folder.

/?

Displays help at the command prompt.

Remarks

If command extensions are enabled, the following conditions apply to the cd command: 

  • The current directory string is converted to use the same case as the names on the disk. For example, cd C:\TEMP would set the current directory to C:\Temp if that is the case on the disk.

  • Spaces are not treated as delimiters, so Path can contain spaces without enclosing quotation marks. For example:

    cd username\programs\start menu

    is the same as:

    cd "username\programs\start menu"

    The quotation marks are required, however, if extensions are disabled.

To disable command extensions, type:

cmd /e:off
Examples

The root directory is the top of the directory hierarchy for a drive. To return to the root directory, type:

cd\

To change the default directory on a drive that is different from the one you are on, type:

cd [<Drive>:\[<Directory>]]

To verify the change to the directory, type:

cd [<Drive>:]