Table of contents
TLS
TOC
Collapse the table of content
Expand the table of content

Get-ADPrincipalGroupMembership

Last Updated: 3/8/2017

SYNOPSIS

Gets the Active Directory groups that have a specified user, computer, group, or service account.

SYNTAX

Get-ADPrincipalGroupMembership [-AuthType <ADAuthType>] [-Credential <PSCredential>] [-Identity] <ADPrincipal>
 [-Partition <String>] [-ResourceContextPartition <String>] [-ResourceContextServer <String>]
 [-Server <String>] [<CommonParameters>]

DESCRIPTION

The Get-ADPrincipalGroupMembership cmdlet gets the Active Directory groups that have a specified user, computer, group, or service account as a member. This cmdlet requires a global catalog to perform the group search. If the forest that contains the user, computer, or group does not have a global catalog, the cmdlet returns a non-terminating error. If you want to search for local groups in another domain, use the ResourceContextServer parameter to specify the alternate server in the other domain.

The Identity parameter specifies the user, computer, or group object that you want to determine group membership for. You can identify a user, computer, or group object by its distinguished name, GUID, security identifier, or SAM account name. You can also specify a user, group, or computer object variable, such as $<localGroupObject>, or pass an object through the pipeline to the Identity parameter. For example, you can use the Get-ADGroup cmdlet to retrieve a group object and then pass the object through the pipeline to the Get-ADPrincipalGroupMembership cmdlet. Similarly, you can use Get-ADUser or Get-ADComputer to get user and computer objects to pass through the pipeline.

For Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services (AD LDS) environments, the Partition parameter must be specified except in the following two conditions:

  • The cmdlet is run from an Active Directory provider drive.
  • A default naming context or partition is defined for the AD LDS environment. To specify a default naming context for an AD LDS environment, set the msDS-defaultNamingContext property of the Active Directory directory service agent object (nTDSDSA) for the AD LDS instance.

EXAMPLES

Example 1: Get group memberships for a user in an AD LDS instance

PS C:\> Get-ADPrincipalGroupMembership -Server localhost:60000 -Identity "CN=DavidChew,DC=AppNC" -Partition "DC=AppNC"

This command gets all of the group memberships for the user CN=DavidChew,DC=AppNC in an AD LDS instance.

Example 2: Get group memberships for the Administrator

PS C:\> Get-ADPrincipalGroupMembership -Identity Administrator


distinguishedName : CN=Domain Users,CN=Users,DC=Fabrikam,DC=com
GroupCategory     : Security
GroupScope        : Global
name              : Domain Users
objectClass       : group
objectGUID        : 86c0f0d5-8b4d-4f35-a867-85a006b92902
SamAccountName    : Domain Users
SID               : S-1-5-21-41432690-3719764436-1984117282-513

distinguishedName : CN=Administrators,CN=Builtin,DC=Fabrikam,DC=com
GroupCategory     : Security
GroupScope        : DomainLocal
name              : Administrators
objectClass       : group
objectGUID        : 02ce3874-dd86-41ba-bddc-013f34019978
SamAccountName    : Administrators
SID               : S-1-5-32-544

distinguishedName : CN=Schema Admins,CN=Users,DC=Fabrikam,DC=com
GroupCategory     : Security
GroupScope        : Universal
name              : Schema Admins
objectClass       : group
objectGUID        : 8d62890f-385e-4cfa-9b2a-c72576097583
SamAccountName    : Schema Admins
SID               : S-1-5-21-41432690-3719764436-1984117282-518

distinguishedName : CN=Enterprise Admins,CN=Users,DC=Fabrikam,DC=com
GroupCategory     : Security
GroupScope        : Universal
name              : Enterprise Admins
objectClass       : group
objectGUID        : 0215b0a5-aea1-40da-b598-720efe930ddf
SamAccountName    : Enterprise Admins
SID               : S-1-5-21-41432690-3719764436-1984117282-519

distinguishedName : CN=Domain Admins,CN=Users,DC=Fabrikam,DC=com
GroupCategory     : Security
GroupScope        : Global
name              : Domain Admins
objectClass       : group
objectGUID        : 5ccc6037-c2c9-42be-8e92-c8f98afd0011
SamAccountName    : Domain Admins
SID               : S-1-5-21-41432690-3719764436-1984117282-512

distinguishedName : CN=Group Policy Creator Owners,CN=Users,DC=Fabrikam,DC=com
GroupCategory     : Security
GroupScope        : Global
name              : Group Policy Creator Owners
objectClass       : group
objectGUID        : a58f7bf2-fd20-4bbd-96f0-ee10fa1613c7
SamAccountName    : Group Policy Creator Owners
SID               : S-1-5-21-41432690-3719764436-1984117282-520

This command gets all the group memberships for the Administrator.

Example 3: Get group memberships for an account in a resource domain

PS C:\> Get-ADPrincipalGroupMembership -Identity Administrator -ResourceContextServer ChildDomain.Fabrikam.Com -ResourceContextPartition "DC=Fabrikam,DC=com"


distinguishedName : CN=Domain Users,CN=Users,DC=Fabrikam,DC=com
GroupCategory     : Security
GroupScope        : Global
name              : Domain Users
objectClass       : group
objectGUID        : 86c0f0d5-8b4d-4f35-a867-85a006b92902
SamAccountName    : Domain Users
SID               : S-1-5-21-41432690-3719764436-1984117282-513

distinguishedName : CN=Group Policy Creator Owners,CN=Users,DC=Fabrikam,DC=com
GroupCategory     : Security
GroupScope        : Global
name              : Group Policy Creator Owners
objectClass       : group
objectGUID        : a58f7bf2-fd20-4bbd-96f0-ee10fa1613c7
SamAccountName    : Group Policy Creator Owners
SID               : S-1-5-21-41432690-3719764436-1984117282-520

distinguishedName : CN=Enterprise Admins,CN=Users,DC=Fabrikam,DC=com
GroupCategory     : Security
GroupScope        : Universal
name              : Enterprise Admins
objectClass       : group
objectGUID        : 0215b0a5-aea1-40da-b598-720efe930ddf
SamAccountName    : Enterprise Admins
SID               : S-1-5-21-41432690-3719764436-1984117282-519

distinguishedName : CN=Schema Admins,CN=Users,DC=Fabrikam,DC=com
GroupCategory     : Security
GroupScope        : Universal
name              : Schema Admins
objectClass       : group
objectGUID        : 8d62890f-385e-4cfa-9b2a-c72576097583
SamAccountName    : Schema Admins
SID               : S-1-5-21-41432690-3719764436-1984117282-518

distinguishedName : CN=Domain Admins,CN=Users,DC=Fabrikam,DC=com
GroupCategory     : Security
GroupScope        : Global
name              : Domain Admins
objectClass       : group
objectGUID        : 5ccc6037-c2c9-42be-8e92-c8f98afd0011
SamAccountName    : Domain Admins
SID               : S-1-5-21-41432690-3719764436-1984117282-512

distinguishedName : CN=Administrators,CN=Builtin,DC=Fabrikam,DC=com
GroupCategory     : Security
GroupScope        : DomainLocal
name              : Administrators
objectClass       : group
objectGUID        : 02ce3874-dd86-41ba-bddc-013f34019978
SamAccountName    : Administrators
SID               : S-1-5-32-544

This command gets all of the group memberships for the Administrator account in the local domain in the resource domain ChildDomain.Fabrikam.Com.

PARAMETERS

-AuthType

Specifies the authentication method to use. The acceptable values for this parameter are:

  • Negotiate or 0
  • Basic or 1

The default authentication method is Negotiate.

A Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) connection is required for the Basic authentication method.

Type: ADAuthType
Parameter Sets: (All)
Aliases: 
Accepted values: Negotiate, Basic

Required: False
Position: Named
Default value: None
Accept pipeline input: False
Accept wildcard characters: False

-Credential

Specifies the user account credentials to use to perform this task. The default credentials are the credentials of the currently logged on user unless the cmdlet is run from an Active Directory PowerShell provider drive. If the cmdlet is run from such a provider drive, the account associated with the drive is the default.

To specify this parameter, you can type a user name, such as User1 or Domain01\User01 or you can specify a PSCredential object. If you specify a user name for this parameter, the cmdlet prompts for a password.

You can also create a PSCredential object by using a script or by using the Get-Credential cmdlet. You can then set the Credential parameter to the PSCredential object.

If the acting credentials do not have directory-level permission to perform the task, Active Directory PowerShell returns a terminating error.

Type: PSCredential
Parameter Sets: (All)
Aliases: 

Required: False
Position: Named
Default value: None
Accept pipeline input: False
Accept wildcard characters: False

-Identity

Specifies an Active Directory principal object by providing one of the following property values. The identifier in parentheses is the Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP) display name for the attribute. The acceptable values for this parameter are:

  • A distinguished name
  • A GUID (objectGUID)
  • A security identifier (objectSid)
  • A SAM account name (sAMAccountName)

The cmdlet searches the default naming context or partition to find the object. If two or more objects are found, the cmdlet returns a non-terminating error.

This parameter can also get this object through the pipeline or you can set this parameter to an object instance.

Derived types, such as the following are also accepted:

  • Microsoft.ActiveDirectory.Management.ADGroup
  • Microsoft.ActiveDirectory.Management.ADUser
  • Microsoft.ActiveDirectory.Management.ADComputer
  • Microsoft.ActiveDirectory.Management.ADServiceAccount
Type: ADPrincipal
Parameter Sets: (All)
Aliases: 

Required: True
Position: 0
Default value: None
Accept pipeline input: True (ByValue)
Accept wildcard characters: False

-Partition

The default authentication method is Negotiate.

A Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) connection is required for the Basic authentication method.

Type: String
Parameter Sets: (All)
Aliases: 

Required: False
Position: Named
Default value: None
Accept pipeline input: False
Accept wildcard characters: False

-ResourceContextPartition

Specifies the distinguished name of the partition of an AD or AD LDS instance to search. Use this parameter with the ResourceContextServer parameter to specify a partition hosted by the specified server. If the ResourceContextPartition parameter is not specified, the default partition of the ResourceContextServer is searched.

Type: String
Parameter Sets: (All)
Aliases: 

Required: False
Position: Named
Default value: None
Accept pipeline input: False
Accept wildcard characters: False

-ResourceContextServer

Specifies that the cmdlet return a list of groups that the user is a member of and that reside in the specified domain. Use this parameter to search for groups in a domain that is not the domain where the user's account resides. To search a partition other than the default partition in this domain, also specify the ResourceContextPartition parameter.

Type: String
Parameter Sets: (All)
Aliases: 

Required: False
Position: Named
Default value: None
Accept pipeline input: False
Accept wildcard characters: False

-Server

The default authentication method is Negotiate.

A Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) connection is required for the Basic authentication method.

Type: String
Parameter Sets: (All)
Aliases: 

Required: False
Position: Named
Default value: None
Accept pipeline input: False
Accept wildcard characters: False

CommonParameters

This cmdlet supports the common parameters: -Debug, -ErrorAction, -ErrorVariable, -InformationAction, -InformationVariable, -OutVariable, -OutBuffer, -PipelineVariable, -Verbose, -WarningAction, and -WarningVariable. For more information, see about_CommonParameters.

INPUTS

Microsoft.ActiveDirectory.Management.ADPrincipal

A principal object that represents a user, computer or group is received by the Identity parameter. Derived types, such as the following are also received by this parameter:

  • Microsoft.ActiveDirectory.Management.ADUser
  • Microsoft.ActiveDirectory.Management.ADComputer
  • Microsoft.ActiveDirectory.Management.ADServiceAccount
  • Microsoft.ActiveDirectory.Management.ADGroup

OUTPUTS

Microsoft.ActiveDirectory.Management.ADGroup

Returns group objects that have the specified user, computer, group or service account as a member.

The Get-ADPrincipalGroupMembership cmdlet returns a default set of ADGroup property values. To retrieve additional ADGroup properties pass the ADGroups objects produced by this cmdlet through the pipline to Get-ADGroup. Specify the additional properties required from the group objects by passing the -Properties parameter to Get-ADGroup.

NOTES

  • This cmdlet does not work with an Active Directory snapshot.

Add-ADGroupMember

Add-ADPrincipalGroupMembership

Get-ADComputer

Get-ADGroup

Get-ADGroupMember

Get-ADUser

Remove-ADGroupMember

Remove-ADPrincipalGroupMembership

© 2017 Microsoft