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New-ADClaimType

Brian Lich|Last Updated: 3/26/2017

SYNOPSIS

Creates a new claim type in Active Directory.

SYNTAX

SourceAttribute (Default)

New-ADClaimType [-WhatIf] [-Confirm] [-AppliesToClasses <String[]>] [-AuthType <ADAuthType>]
 [-Credential <PSCredential>] [-Description <String>] [-DisplayName] <String> [-Enabled <Boolean>]
 [-ID <String>] [-Instance <ADClaimType>] [-IsSingleValued <Boolean>] [-OtherAttributes <Hashtable>]
 [-PassThru] [-ProtectedFromAccidentalDeletion <Boolean>] [-RestrictValues <Boolean>] [-Server <String>]
 -SourceAttribute <String> [-SuggestedValues <ADSuggestedValueEntry[]>] [<CommonParameters>]

SourceOID

New-ADClaimType [-WhatIf] [-Confirm] [-AppliesToClasses <String[]>] [-AuthType <ADAuthType>]
 [-Credential <PSCredential>] [-Description <String>] [-DisplayName] <String> [-Enabled <Boolean>]
 [-ID <String>] [-Instance <ADClaimType>] [-IsSingleValued <Boolean>] [-OtherAttributes <Hashtable>]
 [-PassThru] [-ProtectedFromAccidentalDeletion <Boolean>] [-RestrictValues <Boolean>] [-Server <String>]
 -SourceOID <String> [<CommonParameters>]

SourceTransformPolicy

New-ADClaimType [-WhatIf] [-Confirm] [-AppliesToClasses <String[]>] [-AuthType <ADAuthType>]
 [-Credential <PSCredential>] [-Description <String>] [-DisplayName] <String> [-Enabled <Boolean>]
 [-ID <String>] [-Instance <ADClaimType>] [-IsSingleValued <Boolean>] [-OtherAttributes <Hashtable>]
 [-PassThru] [-ProtectedFromAccidentalDeletion <Boolean>] [-RestrictValues <Boolean>] [-Server <String>]
 [-SourceTransformPolicy] [-SuggestedValues <ADSuggestedValueEntry[]>] -ValueType <ADClaimValueType>
 [<CommonParameters>]

DESCRIPTION

The New-ADClaimType cmdlet creates a new claim type in Active Directory.

EXAMPLES

Example 1: Create a new user claim type with a display name

PS C:\> New-ADClaimType -DisplayName "Title" -SourceAttribute "title"

This command creates a new user claim type with display name Title that is sourced from the Active Directory attribute Title.

Example 2: Create a new user claim type with a display name

PS C:\> $FullTime = New-Object Microsoft.ActiveDirectory.Management.ADSuggestedValueEntry("FTE", "Full-Time", "Full-time employee") 
PS C:\> $Intern = New-Object Microsoft.ActiveDirectory.Management.ADSuggestedValueEntry("Intern", "Intern", "Student employee") 
PS C:\> $Contractor = New-Object Microsoft.ActiveDirectory.Management.ADSuggestedValueEntry("Contractor", "Contractor", "Contract employee") 
PS C:\> New-ADClaimType -DisplayName "Employee Type" -SourceAttribute "employeeType" -SuggestedValues $FullTime,$Intern,$Contractor

This example creates a new user claim type with display name Employee Type that is sourced from the Active Directory attribute employeeType. The suggested values are set to FTE, Intern, and Contractor. Applications using this claim type would allow their users to specify one of the suggested values as this claim type's value.

Example 3: Create a new device claim type with a display name with the source destination

PS C:\> New-ADClaimType -DisplayName "Bitlocker Enabled" -SourceOID "1.3.6.1.4.1.311.67.1.1" -Enabled $False

This command creates a new device claim type with display name Bitlocker Enabled with the source OID 1.3.6.1.4.1.311.67.1.1. The claim type set to disabled.

Example 4: Create a new user claim type with a display name that is sourced from an Active Directory attribute

PS C:\> New-ADClaimType -DisplayName "Title" -SourceAttribute "title" -ID "ad://ext/title"

This command creates a new user claim type with display name Title that is sourced from the Active Directory attribute Title and ID set to ad://ext/title.

The ID should only be set manually in a multi-forest environment where the same claim type needs to work across forests. By default, New-ADClaimType generates the ID automatically. For claim types to be considered identical across forests, their ID must be the same.

PARAMETERS

-AppliesToClasses

This parameter is used to specify the security principal classes to which this claim applies. Possible values for this parameter include the following or any Active Directory type that derives from these base types:

  • User
  • Computer
  • InetOrgPerson
  • msDS-ManagedServiceAccount
  • msDS-GroupManagedServiceAccount
Type: String[]
Parameter Sets: (All)
Aliases: 

Required: False
Position: Named
Default value: None
Accept pipeline input: True (ByPropertyName)
Accept wildcard characters: False

-AuthType

Specifies the authentication method to use. The acceptable values for this parameter are:

  • Negotiate or 0
  • Basic or 1

The default authentication method is Negotiate.

A Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) connection is required for the Basic authentication method.

Type: ADAuthType
Parameter Sets: (All)
Aliases: 
Accepted values: Negotiate, Basic

Required: False
Position: Named
Default value: None
Accept pipeline input: False
Accept wildcard characters: False

-Confirm

Prompts you for confirmation before running the cmdlet.

Type: SwitchParameter
Parameter Sets: (All)
Aliases: cf

Required: False
Position: Named
Default value: False
Accept pipeline input: False
Accept wildcard characters: False

-Credential

Specifies the user account credentials to use to perform this task. The default credentials are the credentials of the currently logged on user unless the cmdlet is run from an Active Directory module for Windows PowerShell provider drive. If the cmdlet is run from such a provider drive, the account associated with the drive is the default.

To specify this parameter, you can type a user name, such as User1 or Domain01\User01 or you can specify a PSCredential object. If you specify a user name for this parameter, the cmdlet prompts for a password.

You can also create a PSCredential object by using a script or by using the Get-Credential cmdlet. You can then set the Credential parameter to the PSCredential object.

If the acting credentials do not have directory-level permission to perform the task, Active Directory module for Windows PowerShell returns a terminating error.

Type: PSCredential
Parameter Sets: (All)
Aliases: 

Required: False
Position: Named
Default value: None
Accept pipeline input: False
Accept wildcard characters: False

-Description

Specifies a description of the object. This parameter sets the value of the Description property for the object. The Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP) display name (ldapDisplayName) for this property is description.

Type: String
Parameter Sets: (All)
Aliases: 

Required: False
Position: Named
Default value: None
Accept pipeline input: True (ByPropertyName)
Accept wildcard characters: False

-DisplayName

Specifies the display name of the claim type, which must be unique. The display name of a claim type can be used as an identity in other Active Directory cmdlets. For example, if the display name of a claim type is Employee Type, then you can use the Get-ADClaimType cmdlet to retrieve the Employee Type claim type.

Type: String
Parameter Sets: (All)
Aliases: 

Required: True
Position: 0
Default value: None
Accept pipeline input: True (ByPropertyName)
Accept wildcard characters: False

-Enabled

Specifies whether the claim type is enabled.

Type: Boolean
Parameter Sets: (All)
Aliases: 

Required: False
Position: Named
Default value: None
Accept pipeline input: True (ByPropertyName)
Accept wildcard characters: False

-ID

Specifies the claim type ID. This is an optional parameter. By default, New-ADClaimType generates the ID automatically.

The ID should only be set manually in a multi-forest environment where the same claim types need to work across forests. For claim types to be considered identical across forests, their ID must be the same.

To specify the ID, the ID string must conform to the following format:

  • The ID must have a maximum of 37 characters.
  • The ID must have at least one slash (/).
  • The ID must have at least one colon before the first slash.
  • The ID must not have the slash as the last character.
  • The ID must contain valid file characters only.

An example is ad://ext/BusinessImpact.

Type: String
Parameter Sets: (All)
Aliases: 

Required: False
Position: Named
Default value: None
Accept pipeline input: True (ByPropertyName)
Accept wildcard characters: False

-Instance

Specifies an instance of a claim type object to use as a template for a new claim type object.

You can use an instance of an existing claim type object as a template or you can construct a new claim type object by using the Windows PowerShell command line or by using a script.

Method 1: Use an existing claim type object as a template for a new object. To retrieve an instance of an existing claim type object, use a cmdlet such as Get-ADClaimType. Then provide this object to the Instance parameter of the New-ADClaimType cmdlet to create a new claim type object. You can override property values of the new object by setting the appropriate parameters.

Method 2: Create a new claim type and set the property values by using the Windows PowerShell command line interface. Then pass this object to the Instance parameter of the New-ADClaimType cmdlet to create the new claim type object.

Note: Specified attributes are not validated, so attempting to set attributes that do not exist or cannot be set will raise an error.

Type: ADClaimType
Parameter Sets: (All)
Aliases: 

Required: False
Position: Named
Default value: None
Accept pipeline input: False
Accept wildcard characters: False

-IsSingleValued

Specifies whether the claim type is single valued or multi-valued.

Type: Boolean
Parameter Sets: (All)
Aliases: 

Required: False
Position: Named
Default value: None
Accept pipeline input: True (ByPropertyName)
Accept wildcard characters: False

-OtherAttributes

Specifies object attribute values for attributes that are not represented by cmdlet parameters. You can set one or more parameters at the same time with this parameter. If an attribute takes more than one value, you can assign multiple values. To identify an attribute, specify the LDAPDisplayName (ldapDisplayName) defined for it in the Active Directory schema.

Syntax:

To specify a single value for an attribute:

-OtherAttributes @{'AttributeLDAPDisplayName'=value}

To specify multiple values for an attribute

-OtherAttributes @{'AttributeLDAPDisplayName'=value1,value2,...}

You can specify values for more than one attribute by using semicolons to separate attributes. The following syntax shows how to set values for multiple attributes:

-OtherAttributes @{'Attribute1LDAPDisplayName'=value; 'Attribute2LDAPDisplayName'=value1,value2;...}

Type: Hashtable
Parameter Sets: (All)
Aliases: 

Required: False
Position: Named
Default value: None
Accept pipeline input: False
Accept wildcard characters: False

-PassThru

Returns an object representing the item with which you are working. By default, this cmdlet does not generate any output.

Type: SwitchParameter
Parameter Sets: (All)
Aliases: 

Required: False
Position: Named
Default value: None
Accept pipeline input: False
Accept wildcard characters: False

-ProtectedFromAccidentalDeletion

Specifies whether to prevent the object from being deleted. When this property is set to $True, you cannot delete the corresponding object without changing the value of the property. The acceptable values for this parameter are:

  • $False or 0
  • $True or 1
Type: Boolean
Parameter Sets: (All)
Aliases: 

Required: False
Position: Named
Default value: None
Accept pipeline input: True (ByPropertyName)
Accept wildcard characters: False

-RestrictValues

This parameter is used to specify whether the claim type may have values outside of the SuggestedValues parameter. If this is set to true, then the claim should only have values specified in the SuggestedValues parameter.

Note that Active Directory does not enforce this restriction. It is up to the applications that use these claims to enforce the restriction.

Type: Boolean
Parameter Sets: (All)
Aliases: 

Required: False
Position: Named
Default value: None
Accept pipeline input: True (ByPropertyName)
Accept wildcard characters: False

-Server

Specifies the Active Directory Domain Services instance to connect to, by providing one of the following values for a corresponding domain name or directory server. The service may be any of the following: Active Directory Lightweight Domain Services, Active Directory Domain Services or Active Directory snapshot instance.

Specify the Active Directory Domain Services instance in one of the following ways:

Domain name values:

  • Fully qualified domain name
  • NetBIOS name

Directory server values:

  • Fully qualified directory server name
  • NetBIOS name
  • Fully qualified directory server name and port

The default value for this parameter is determined by one of the following methods in the order that they are listed:

  • By using the Server value from objects passed through the pipeline
  • By using the server information associated with the Active Directory Domain Services Windows PowerShell provider drive, when the cmdlet runs in that drive
  • By using the domain of the computer running Windows PowerShell
Type: String
Parameter Sets: (All)
Aliases: 

Required: False
Position: Named
Default value: None
Accept pipeline input: False
Accept wildcard characters: False

-SourceAttribute

Specifies an Active Directory attribute from which this claim type is based, and from which the claim value is obtained. The input must be the distinguished name, Name, or GUID of the attribute definition in the schema.

Acceptable values include attributes of the following schema class objects: User, InetOrgPerson, Computer, ManagedServiceAccount, GroupManagedServiceAccount, and Auxiliary, except for the following attributes:

Attributes marked as defunct in the schema- Blocked attributes such as dBCSPwd, lmPwdHistory, and unicodePwd Attributes that are not replicated Attributes that are not available on read-only domain controllers Attributes with syntaxes not based on the following:

  • String Object (DS-DN)
  • String (Unicode)
  • Boolean
  • Integer
  • Large Integer
  • String (OID)
  • String (SD)
Type: String
Parameter Sets: SourceAttribute
Aliases: 

Required: True
Position: Named
Default value: None
Accept pipeline input: True (ByPropertyName)
Accept wildcard characters: False

-SourceOID

Specifies a string that can be used to configure a certificate-based claim type source. For example, use this parameter to create certificate-based claim types when you want to use smartcard logon claims for authorization decisions. The SourceOID parameter uses the string representation of an object identifier (OID) from the issuance policy found in the certificate and on the certificate template when using Active Directory Certificate Services. An example of an OID is 1.3.6.1.4.1.311.47.2.5.

Type: String
Parameter Sets: SourceOID
Aliases: 

Required: True
Position: Named
Default value: None
Accept pipeline input: True (ByPropertyName)
Accept wildcard characters: False

-SourceTransformPolicy

Indicates that the claim type is sourced from the claims transformation policy engine.

Type: SwitchParameter
Parameter Sets: SourceTransformPolicy
Aliases: 

Required: True
Position: Named
Default value: None
Accept pipeline input: True (ByPropertyName)
Accept wildcard characters: False

-SuggestedValues

Specifies one or more suggested values for the claim type. An application may choose to present this list of suggested values for the user to choose from. When the RestrictValues parameter is set to a value of $True, the application should limit the user to selecting values from this list only.

Type: ADSuggestedValueEntry[]
Parameter Sets: SourceAttribute, SourceTransformPolicy
Aliases: 

Required: False
Position: Named
Default value: None
Accept pipeline input: True (ByPropertyName)
Accept wildcard characters: False

-ValueType

Specifies the value type for this claim type. The following are the valid value types:

  • Int64
  • UInt64
  • String
  • FQBN
  • SID
  • Boolean
  • OctetString
Type: ADClaimValueType
Parameter Sets: SourceTransformPolicy
Aliases: 
Accepted values: Invalid, Int64, UInt64, String, FQBN, SID, Boolean, OctetString

Required: True
Position: Named
Default value: None
Accept pipeline input: True (ByPropertyName)
Accept wildcard characters: False

-WhatIf

Shows what would happen if the cmdlet runs. The cmdlet is not run.

Type: SwitchParameter
Parameter Sets: (All)
Aliases: wi

Required: False
Position: Named
Default value: False
Accept pipeline input: False
Accept wildcard characters: False

CommonParameters

This cmdlet supports the common parameters: -Debug, -ErrorAction, -ErrorVariable, -InformationAction, -InformationVariable, -OutVariable, -OutBuffer, -PipelineVariable, -Verbose, -WarningAction, and -WarningVariable. For more information, see about_CommonParameters.

INPUTS

None or Microsoft.ActiveDirectory.Management.ADClaimType

OUTPUTS

None or Microsoft.ActiveDirectory.Management.ADClaimType

NOTES

  • This cmdlet does not work with an Active Directory snapshot.
  • This cmdlet does not work with a read-only domain controller.

Get-ADClaimType

Remove-ADClaimType

Set-ADClaimType

AD DS Administration Cmdlets in Windows PowerShell

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