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Add-DnsClientNrptRule

Last Updated: 3/8/2017

SYNOPSIS

Adds a rule to the NRPT.

SYNTAX

Add-DnsClientNrptRule [-GpoName <String>] [-DANameServers <String[]>] [-DAIPsecRequired]
 [-DAIPsecEncryptionType <String>] [-DAProxyServerName <String>] [-DnsSecEnable] [-DnsSecIPsecRequired]
 [-DnsSecIPsecEncryptionType <String>] [-NameServers <String[]>] [-NameEncoding <String>]
 [-Namespace] <String[]> [-Server <String>] [-DAProxyType <String>] [-DnsSecValidationRequired] [-DAEnable]
 [-IPsecTrustAuthority <String>] [-Comment <String>] [-DisplayName <String>] [-PassThru]
 [-CimSession <CimSession[]>] [-ThrottleLimit <Int32>] [-AsJob] [-WhatIf] [-Confirm] [<CommonParameters>]

DESCRIPTION

The Add-DnsClientNrptRule cmdlet adds a Name Resolution Policy Table (NRPT) rule for the specified namespace.

EXAMPLES

Example 1: Add an NRPT rule to a GPO

PS C:\> Add-DnsClientNrptRule -GpoName "TestGPO" -DANameServers "10.0.0.1" -DAIPsecRequired -DAIPsecEncryptionType "High" -DAProxyServerName "DaServer.com:6666" -DnsSecEnable -PassThru -DAProxyType "UseProxyName" -DnsSecValidationRequired -DAEnable -IPsecTrustAuthority "RootCA" -Comment "Sample NRPT Rule" -DisplayName "Sample" -DnsSecIPsecRequired -DnsSecIPsecEncryptionType "Medium" -NameServers "10.0.0.1" -NameEncoding "Punycode" -Namespace "dnsnrpt.com" -Server "host1.com"

This command adds an NRPT rule in TestGPO on server host1.com for the namespace dnsnrpt.com.

Example 2: Add an NRPT rule to configure a server

PS C:\> Add-DnsClientNrptRule -Namespace "pqr.com" -NameServers "10.0.0.1"

This command adds an NRPT rule that configures the server named 10.0.0.1 as a DNS server for the namespace pqr.com.

Example 3: Add an NRPT rule to enable DNSSEC queries

PS C:\> Add-DnsClientNrptRule -Namespace "pqr.com" -DnsSecEnable

This command adds an NRPT rule that enables DNSSEC queries to be sent for the namespace pqr.com.

Example 4: Add an NRPT rule to enable DNSSEC queries for a specified namespace

PS C:\> Add-DnsClientNrptRule -Namespace "pqr.com" -DnsSecEnable -NameServers "10.0.0.1"

This command adds an NRPT rule that enables DNSSEC queries to be sent to DNS server named 10.0.0.1 for the namespace pqr.com.

Example 5: Add an NRPT rule to send Punycode DNS queries

PS C:\> Add-DnsClientNrptRule -Namespace "pqr.com" -NameEncoding "Punycode" -NameServers "10.1.1.1" -PassThru

Name                             : {6a78d8d1-231d-4d1e-bc23-fb593e11a53d} 
Version                          : 2 
Namespace                        : {pqr.com} 
IPsecCARestriction               : 
DirectAccessDnsServers           : 
DirectAccessEnabled              : False 
DirectAccessProxyType            : 
DirectAccessProxyName            : 
DirectAccessQueryIPsecEncryption : 
DirectAccessQueryIPsecRequired   : 
NameServers                      : 10.1.1.1 
DnsSecEnabled                    : False 
DnsSecQueryIPsecEncryption       : 
DnsSecQueryIPsecRequired         : 
DnsSecValidationRequired         : 
NameEncoding                     : Punycode 
DisplayName                      : 
Comment                          :

This command adds an NRPT rule that sends DNS queries encoded in Punycode to DNS server named 10.1.1.1 for the namespace pqr.com.

PARAMETERS

-AsJob

Runs the cmdlet as a background job. Use this parameter to run commands that take a long time to complete.

The cmdlet immediately returns an object that represents the job and then displays the command prompt. You can continue to work in the session while the job completes. To manage the job, use the *-Job cmdlets. To get the job results, use the Receive-Job cmdlet.

For more information about Windows PowerShell background jobs, see about_Jobs.

Type: SwitchParameter
Parameter Sets: (All)
Aliases: 

Required: False
Position: Named
Default value: None
Accept pipeline input: False
Accept wildcard characters: False

-CimSession

Runs the cmdlet in a remote session or on a remote computer. Enter a computer name or a session object, such as the output of a New-CimSession or Get-CimSession cmdlet. The default is the current session on the local computer.

Type: CimSession[]
Parameter Sets: (All)
Aliases: Session

Required: False
Position: Named
Default value: None
Accept pipeline input: False
Accept wildcard characters: False

-Comment

Stores administrator notes.

Type: String
Parameter Sets: (All)
Aliases: 

Required: False
Position: Named
Default value: None
Accept pipeline input: True (ByPropertyName)
Accept wildcard characters: False

-Confirm

Prompts you for confirmation before running the cmdlet.

Type: SwitchParameter
Parameter Sets: (All)
Aliases: cf

Required: False
Position: Named
Default value: False
Accept pipeline input: False
Accept wildcard characters: False

-DAEnable

Indicates the rule state for DirectAccess.

Type: SwitchParameter
Parameter Sets: (All)
Aliases: DirectAccessEnabled

Required: False
Position: Named
Default value: None
Accept pipeline input: True (ByPropertyName)
Accept wildcard characters: False

-DAIPsecEncryptionType

Specifies the Internet Protocol security (IPsec) encryption setting for DirectAccess. The acceptable values for this parameter are:

  • None
  • Low
  • Medium
  • High
Type: String
Parameter Sets: (All)
Aliases: DirectAccessQueryIPSSECEncryption
Accepted values: , None, Low, Medium, High

Required: False
Position: Named
Default value: None
Accept pipeline input: True (ByPropertyName)
Accept wildcard characters: False

-DAIPsecRequired

Indicates that IPsec is required for DirectAccess.

Type: SwitchParameter
Parameter Sets: (All)
Aliases: DirectAccessQueryIPsecRequired

Required: False
Position: Named
Default value: None
Accept pipeline input: True (ByPropertyName)
Accept wildcard characters: False

-DANameServers

Specifies an array of DNS servers to query when DirectAccess is enabled.

Type: String[]
Parameter Sets: (All)
Aliases: DirectAccessDnsServers

Required: False
Position: Named
Default value: None
Accept pipeline input: True (ByPropertyName)
Accept wildcard characters: False

-DAProxyServerName

Specifies the proxy server to use when connecting to the Internet. This parameter is only applicable if the DAProxyType parameter is set to UseProxyName.

Acceptable formats are:

  • hostname:port
  • IPv4 address:port
  • IPv6 address:port
Type: String
Parameter Sets: (All)
Aliases: DirectAccessProxyName

Required: False
Position: Named
Default value: None
Accept pipeline input: True (ByPropertyName)
Accept wildcard characters: False

-DAProxyType

Specifies the proxy server type to be used when connecting to the Internet. The acceptable values for this parameter are:

  • NoProxy
  • UseDefault
  • UseProxyName
Type: String
Parameter Sets: (All)
Aliases: DirectAccessProxyType
Accepted values: , NoProxy, UseDefault, UseProxyName

Required: False
Position: Named
Default value: None
Accept pipeline input: True (ByPropertyName)
Accept wildcard characters: False

-DisplayName

Specifies an optional friendly name for the NRPT rule.

Type: String
Parameter Sets: (All)
Aliases: 

Required: False
Position: Named
Default value: None
Accept pipeline input: True (ByPropertyName)
Accept wildcard characters: False

-DnsSecEnable

Enables Domain Name System Security Extensions (DNSSEC) on the rule.

Type: SwitchParameter
Parameter Sets: (All)
Aliases: DnsSecEnabled

Required: False
Position: Named
Default value: None
Accept pipeline input: True (ByPropertyName)
Accept wildcard characters: False

-DnsSecIPsecEncryptionType

Specifies the IPsec tunnel encryption settings.

Type: String
Parameter Sets: (All)
Aliases: DnsSecQueryIPsecEncryption
Accepted values: , None, Low, Medium, High

Required: False
Position: Named
Default value: None
Accept pipeline input: True (ByPropertyName)
Accept wildcard characters: False

-DnsSecIPsecRequired

Indicates the DNS client must set up an IPsec connection to the DNS server.

Type: SwitchParameter
Parameter Sets: (All)
Aliases: DnsSecQueryIPsecRequired

Required: False
Position: Named
Default value: None
Accept pipeline input: True (ByPropertyName)
Accept wildcard characters: False

-DnsSecValidationRequired

Indicates that DNSSEC validation is required.

Type: SwitchParameter
Parameter Sets: (All)
Aliases: 

Required: False
Position: Named
Default value: None
Accept pipeline input: True (ByPropertyName)
Accept wildcard characters: False

-GpoName

Specifies the name of the Group Policy Object (GPO).

  • If this parameter and the Server parameter are specified, then the NRPT rule is added in the GPO of domain. The Server parameter specifies the domain controller (DC).
  • If neither this parameter nor the Server parameter is specified, then the NRPT rule is added for local client computer.
  • If this parameter is specified and the Server parameter is not specified, then the DC of the domain specified by this parameter value is found and NRPT rule is added to the GPO.
  • If this parameter is not specified and the Server parameter is specified, then an error is displayed.
Type: String
Parameter Sets: (All)
Aliases: 

Required: False
Position: Named
Default value: None
Accept pipeline input: True (ByPropertyName)
Accept wildcard characters: False

-IPsecTrustAuthority

Specifies the certification authority to validate the IPsec channel.

Type: String
Parameter Sets: (All)
Aliases: IPsecCARestriction

Required: False
Position: Named
Default value: None
Accept pipeline input: True (ByPropertyName)
Accept wildcard characters: False

-NameEncoding

Specifies the encoding format for host names in the DNS query. The acceptable values for this parameter are:

  • Disable
  • Utf8WithMapping
  • Utf8WithoutMapping
  • Punycode
Type: String
Parameter Sets: (All)
Aliases: 
Accepted values: Disable, Utf8WithMapping, Utf8WithoutMapping, Punycode

Required: False
Position: Named
Default value: None
Accept pipeline input: True (ByPropertyName)
Accept wildcard characters: False

-NameServers

Specifies the DNS servers to which the DNS query is sent when DirectAccess is disabled.

Type: String[]
Parameter Sets: (All)
Aliases: 

Required: False
Position: Named
Default value: None
Accept pipeline input: True (ByPropertyName)
Accept wildcard characters: False

-Namespace

Specifies the DNS namespace.

Type: String[]
Parameter Sets: (All)
Aliases: 

Required: True
Position: 1
Default value: None
Accept pipeline input: True (ByPropertyName)
Accept wildcard characters: False

-PassThru

Returns an object representing the item with which you are working. By default, this cmdlet does not generate any output.

Type: SwitchParameter
Parameter Sets: (All)
Aliases: 

Required: False
Position: Named
Default value: None
Accept pipeline input: False
Accept wildcard characters: False

-Server

Specifies the server hosting the GPO. This parameter is only applicable with the GpoName parameter.

Type: String
Parameter Sets: (All)
Aliases: 

Required: False
Position: Named
Default value: None
Accept pipeline input: True (ByPropertyName)
Accept wildcard characters: False

-ThrottleLimit

Specifies the maximum number of concurrent operations that can be established to run the cmdlet. If this parameter is omitted or a value of 0 is entered, then Windows PowerShell® calculates an optimum throttle limit for the cmdlet based on the number of CIM cmdlets that are running on the computer. The throttle limit applies only to the current cmdlet, not to the session or to the computer.

Type: Int32
Parameter Sets: (All)
Aliases: 

Required: False
Position: Named
Default value: None
Accept pipeline input: False
Accept wildcard characters: False

-WhatIf

Shows what would happen if the cmdlet runs. The cmdlet is not run.

Type: SwitchParameter
Parameter Sets: (All)
Aliases: wi

Required: False
Position: Named
Default value: False
Accept pipeline input: False
Accept wildcard characters: False

CommonParameters

This cmdlet supports the common parameters: -Debug, -ErrorAction, -ErrorVariable, -InformationAction, -InformationVariable, -OutVariable, -OutBuffer, -PipelineVariable, -Verbose, -WarningAction, and -WarningVariable. For more information, see about_CommonParameters.

INPUTS

Microsoft.Management.Infrastructure.CimInstance#root/Microsoft/Windows/DNS/DnsClientNrptRule

The Microsoft.Management.Infrastructure.CimInstance object is a wrapper class that displays Windows Management Instrumentation (WMI) objects. The path after the pound sign (#) provides the namespace and class name for the underlying WMI object.

OUTPUTS

Microsoft.Management.Infrastructure.CimInstance#root/Microsoft/Windows/DNS/DnsClientNrptRule

The Microsoft.Management.Infrastructure.CimInstance object is a wrapper class that displays Windows Management Instrumentation (WMI) objects. The path after the pound sign (#) provides the namespace and class name for the underlying WMI object.

The DnsClientNrptRule object contains all of the properties of the DNS client NRPT rule.

NOTES

Get-DnsClientNrptGlobal

Get-DnsClientNrptPolicy

Get-DnsClientNrptRule

Remove-DnsClientNrptRule

Set-DnsClientNrptGlobal

Set-DnsClientNrptRule

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