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Set-DnsServerDiagnostics

Last Updated: 3/8/2017

SYNOPSIS

Sets debugging and logging parameters.

SYNTAX

Parameters (Default)

Set-DnsServerDiagnostics [-ComputerName <String>] [-PassThru] [-Answers <Boolean>] [-EventLogLevel <UInt32>]
 [-FullPackets <Boolean>] [-IPFilterList <IPAddress[]>] [-LogFilePath <String>] [-MaxMBFileSize <UInt32>]
 [-EnableLoggingForRemoteServerEvent <Boolean>] [-EnableLoggingForPluginDllEvent <Boolean>]
 [-UseSystemEventLog <Boolean>] [-EnableLogFileRollover <Boolean>]
 [-EnableLoggingForZoneLoadingEvent <Boolean>] [-EnableLoggingForLocalLookupEvent <Boolean>]
 [-EnableLoggingToFile <Boolean>] [-EnableLoggingForZoneDataWriteEvent <Boolean>]
 [-EnableLoggingForTombstoneEvent <Boolean>] [-EnableLoggingForRecursiveLookupEvent <Boolean>]
 [-UdpPackets <Boolean>] [-UnmatchedResponse <Boolean>] [-Updates <Boolean>] [-WriteThrough <Boolean>]
 [-SaveLogsToPersistentStorage <Boolean>] [-EnableLoggingForServerStartStopEvent <Boolean>]
 [-Notifications <Boolean>] [-Queries <Boolean>] [-QuestionTransactions <Boolean>] [-ReceivePackets <Boolean>]
 [-SendPackets <Boolean>] [-TcpPackets <Boolean>] [-CimSession <CimSession[]>] [-ThrottleLimit <Int32>]
 [-AsJob] [-WhatIf] [-Confirm] [<CommonParameters>]

LogLevel

Set-DnsServerDiagnostics [-ComputerName <String>] [-PassThru] [-DebugLogging <UInt32>]
 [-OperationLogLevel2 <UInt32>] [-OperationLogLevel1 <UInt32>] [-CimSession <CimSession[]>]
 [-ThrottleLimit <Int32>] [-AsJob] [-WhatIf] [-Confirm] [<CommonParameters>]

All

Set-DnsServerDiagnostics [-ComputerName <String>] [-PassThru] -All <Boolean> [-CimSession <CimSession[]>]
 [-ThrottleLimit <Int32>] [-AsJob] [-WhatIf] [-Confirm] [<CommonParameters>]

DESCRIPTION

The Set-DnsServerDiagnostics cmdlet sets debugging and logging parameters on a Domain Name System (DNS) server.

To enable debug logging, specify a value of $True for the FullPackets parameter and do the following:

  • Set the ReceivePackets parameter or the SendPackets parameter to $True.
  • Set the TcpPackets parameter or the UdpPackets parameter to $True.
  • Set the Notifications parameter, the Queries parameter, or the Updates parameter to $True.
  • Set the QuestionTransactions parameter or the Answers parameter to $True.

If you use the Parameters parameter set, you must specify at least one of the options in each of the following pairs of parameters:

  • ReceivePackets, SendPackets
  • TcpPackets, UdpPackets
  • Notifications, Updates, Queries
  • QuestionTransactions, Answers

The All parameter set enables all options except for the following: LogFilePath, MaxMBFileSize, EventLogLevel, FilterIpAddrList, UseSystemEventLog, and EnableLogFileRollover.

Use the LogLevel parameter to enable diagnostics at a more detailed level.

EXAMPLES

Example 1: Enable diagnostics for outgoing TCP responses for updates

PS C:\> Set-DnsServerDiagnostics -SendPackets $True -TcpPackets $True -Answers $True -Updates $True

This command enables the diagnostics of outgoing TCP responses for updates.

Example 2: Enable all diagnostic options except for LogFilePath

PS C:\> Set-DnsServerDiagnostics -All $True

This command enables all options for DNS server diagnostics except for LogFilePath.

Example 3: Log send packets

PS C:\> Set-DnsServerDiagnostics -DebugLogging 0x10000

This command logs send packages.

Example 4: Reset debugging settings

PS C:\> Get-DnsServerDiagnostics -ComputerName "DNSServer01" | select -TcpPackets, -UdpPackets | Set-DnsServerDiagnostics -ComputerName "DNSServer02"

This command resets the TCP packet debugging and UDP packet debugging options on DNSServer02 to their values on DNSServer01.

PARAMETERS

-All

Specifies whether the DNS server logs all events.

Type: Boolean
Parameter Sets: All
Aliases: 

Required: True
Position: Named
Default value: None
Accept pipeline input: False
Accept wildcard characters: False

-Answers

Specifies wheter to enable the logging of DNS responses.

Type: Boolean
Parameter Sets: Parameters
Aliases: 

Required: False
Position: Named
Default value: None
Accept pipeline input: True (ByPropertyName)
Accept wildcard characters: False

-AsJob

Runs the cmdlet as a background job. Use this parameter to run commands that take a long time to complete.

The cmdlet immediately returns an object that represents the job and then displays the command prompt. You can continue to work in the session while the job completes. To manage the job, use the *-Job cmdlets. To get the job results, use the Receive-Job cmdlet.

For more information about Windows PowerShell background jobs, see about_Jobs.

Type: SwitchParameter
Parameter Sets: (All)
Aliases: 

Required: False
Position: Named
Default value: None
Accept pipeline input: False
Accept wildcard characters: False

-CimSession

Runs the cmdlet in a remote session or on a remote computer. Enter a computer name or a session object, such as the output of a New-CimSession or Get-CimSession cmdlet. The default is the current session on the local computer.

Type: CimSession[]
Parameter Sets: (All)
Aliases: Session

Required: False
Position: Named
Default value: None
Accept pipeline input: False
Accept wildcard characters: False

-ComputerName

Specifies a DNS server. The acceptable values for this parameter are: an IPv4 address, an IPv6 address, and any other value that resolves to an IP address, such as fully qualified domain name (FQDN), Hostname, or NETBIOS name.

Type: String
Parameter Sets: (All)
Aliases: Cn

Required: False
Position: Named
Default value: None
Accept pipeline input: False
Accept wildcard characters: False

-Confirm

Prompts you for confirmation before running the cmdlet.

Type: SwitchParameter
Parameter Sets: (All)
Aliases: cf

Required: False
Position: Named
Default value: False
Accept pipeline input: False
Accept wildcard characters: False

-DebugLogging

Specifies the bitmask for debug logging. Valid values are:

0x00000001. The server logs query packet exchanges.

0x00000010. The server logs packet exchanges that are related to zone exchanges.

0x00000020. The server logs packet exchanges that are related to zone updates.

0x0000010.: The server logs packets that contain questions.

0x00000200. The server logs packets that contain answers.

0x00001000. The server logs packets that it sends.

0x00002000. The server logs packets that it receives.

0x00004000. The server logs User Datagram Protocol (UDP) packet exchanges.

0x00008000. The server logs Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) packet exchanges.

0x0000FFFF. The server logs operations if you set the following fields to $True: 0x00001000, 0x00002000, 0x00008000, 0x00004000, 0x00000001, 0x00000001, 0x00000020, 0x00000100, and 0x00000200S.

0x00010000. Independent of other field values, this bitmap logs Active Directory write operations.

0x00020000. Independent of other field values, this bitmap logs Active Directory polling operations and operations that occur during DNS updates (secure and not secure) on Active Directory-integrated zones.

0x01000000. If other field values allow it, the server logs the entire packet to the log file.

0x02000000. If other field values allow it, the server logs response packets that do not match any outstanding queries.

0x80000000. If other field values allow it, the server saves packet logging information to persistent storage.

Type: UInt32
Parameter Sets: LogLevel
Aliases: 

Required: False
Position: Named
Default value: None
Accept pipeline input: True (ByPropertyName)
Accept wildcard characters: False

-EnableLogFileRollover

Specifies whether to enable log file rollover.

Type: Boolean
Parameter Sets: Parameters
Aliases: 

Required: False
Position: Named
Default value: None
Accept pipeline input: True (ByPropertyName)
Accept wildcard characters: False

-EnableLoggingForLocalLookupEvent

Specifies whether the DNS server logs local lookup events.

Type: Boolean
Parameter Sets: Parameters
Aliases: 

Required: False
Position: Named
Default value: None
Accept pipeline input: True (ByPropertyName)
Accept wildcard characters: False

-EnableLoggingForPluginDllEvent

Specifies whether the DNS server logs dynamic link library (DLL) plug-in events.

Type: Boolean
Parameter Sets: Parameters
Aliases: 

Required: False
Position: Named
Default value: None
Accept pipeline input: True (ByPropertyName)
Accept wildcard characters: False

-EnableLoggingForRecursiveLookupEvent

Specifies whether the DNS server logs recursive lookup events.

Type: Boolean
Parameter Sets: Parameters
Aliases: 

Required: False
Position: Named
Default value: None
Accept pipeline input: True (ByPropertyName)
Accept wildcard characters: False

-EnableLoggingForRemoteServerEvent

Specifies whether the DNS server logs remote server events.

Type: Boolean
Parameter Sets: Parameters
Aliases: 

Required: False
Position: Named
Default value: None
Accept pipeline input: True (ByPropertyName)
Accept wildcard characters: False

-EnableLoggingForServerStartStopEvent

Specifies whether the DNS server logs server start and stop events.

Type: Boolean
Parameter Sets: Parameters
Aliases: 

Required: False
Position: Named
Default value: None
Accept pipeline input: True (ByPropertyName)
Accept wildcard characters: False

-EnableLoggingForTombstoneEvent

Specifies whether the DNS server logs tombstone events.

Type: Boolean
Parameter Sets: Parameters
Aliases: 

Required: False
Position: Named
Default value: None
Accept pipeline input: True (ByPropertyName)
Accept wildcard characters: False

-EnableLoggingForZoneDataWriteEvent

Specifies Controls whether the DNS server logs zone data write events.

Type: Boolean
Parameter Sets: Parameters
Aliases: 

Required: False
Position: Named
Default value: None
Accept pipeline input: True (ByPropertyName)
Accept wildcard characters: False

-EnableLoggingForZoneLoadingEvent

Specifies whether the DNS server logs zone load events.

Type: Boolean
Parameter Sets: Parameters
Aliases: 

Required: False
Position: Named
Default value: None
Accept pipeline input: True (ByPropertyName)
Accept wildcard characters: False

-EnableLoggingToFile

Specifies whether the DNS server logs logging-to-file.

Type: Boolean
Parameter Sets: Parameters
Aliases: 

Required: False
Position: Named
Default value: None
Accept pipeline input: True (ByPropertyName)
Accept wildcard characters: False

-EventLogLevel

Specifies an event log level. Valid values are Warning, Error, and None.

Type: UInt32
Parameter Sets: Parameters
Aliases: 

Required: False
Position: Named
Default value: None
Accept pipeline input: True (ByPropertyName)
Accept wildcard characters: False

-FullPackets

Specifies whether the DNS server logs full packets.

Type: Boolean
Parameter Sets: Parameters
Aliases: 

Required: False
Position: Named
Default value: None
Accept pipeline input: True (ByPropertyName)
Accept wildcard characters: False

-IPFilterList

Specifies an array of IP addresses to filter. When you enable logging, traffic to and from these IP addresses is logged. If you do not specify any IP addresses, traffic to and from all IP addresses is logged.

Type: IPAddress[]
Parameter Sets: Parameters
Aliases: FilterIPAddressList

Required: False
Position: Named
Default value: None
Accept pipeline input: True (ByPropertyName)
Accept wildcard characters: False

-LogFilePath

Specifies a log file path.

Type: String
Parameter Sets: Parameters
Aliases: 

Required: False
Position: Named
Default value: None
Accept pipeline input: True (ByPropertyName)
Accept wildcard characters: False

-MaxMBFileSize

Specifies the maximum size of the log file. This parameter is relevant if you set EnableLogFileRollover and EnableLoggingToFile to $True.

Type: UInt32
Parameter Sets: Parameters
Aliases: 

Required: False
Position: Named
Default value: None
Accept pipeline input: True (ByPropertyName)
Accept wildcard characters: False

-Notifications

Specifies whether the DNS server logs notifications.

Type: Boolean
Parameter Sets: Parameters
Aliases: 

Required: False
Position: Named
Default value: None
Accept pipeline input: True (ByPropertyName)
Accept wildcard characters: False

-OperationLogLevel1

Specifies a bit flag for the logging level. Valid values are:

0x00000001. The DNS server saves operational logging information to persistent storage.

0x00000010: The DNS server logs event logging information to a log file.

0x00000020: The DNS server logs operational logging information for server start and stop activities to the log file.

0x00002000: The DNS server logs operational logging information for activities that are related to loading a zone from a directory server to the log file.

0x00004000. The DNS server logs operational logging information for activities that are related to writing zone data to the directory server to the log file.

0x00020000. The DNS server logs operational logging information for activities that are related to updating nodes that have exceeded the tombstone lifetime to the log file.

0x00100000: The DNS server logs operational logging information for local resource lookup activities to the log file.

0x00200000. The DNS server logs operational logging information for activities that occur during recursive query lookup to the log file.

0x00400000. The DNS server logs operational logging information for activities that are related to interaction with remote name servers to the log file.

Type: UInt32
Parameter Sets: LogLevel
Aliases: 

Required: False
Position: Named
Default value: None
Accept pipeline input: True (ByPropertyName)
Accept wildcard characters: False

-OperationLogLevel2

Specifies the additional operations that the DNS server logs. The default valid value is:

0x01000000. Valid values for this parameter are: 0x01, 0x02, and 0x03.The DNS server logs operational logging information for activities that are related to interaction with plug-in DLLs to the log file.

Type: UInt32
Parameter Sets: LogLevel
Aliases: 

Required: False
Position: Named
Default value: None
Accept pipeline input: True (ByPropertyName)
Accept wildcard characters: False

-PassThru

Returns an object representing the item with which you are working. By default, this cmdlet does not generate any output.

Type: SwitchParameter
Parameter Sets: (All)
Aliases: 

Required: False
Position: Named
Default value: None
Accept pipeline input: False
Accept wildcard characters: False

-Queries

Specifies whether the DNS server allows query packet exchanges to pass through the content filter, such as the IPFilterList parameter.

Type: Boolean
Parameter Sets: Parameters
Aliases: 

Required: False
Position: Named
Default value: None
Accept pipeline input: True (ByPropertyName)
Accept wildcard characters: False

-QuestionTransactions

Specifies whether the DNS server logs queries.

Type: Boolean
Parameter Sets: Parameters
Aliases: 

Required: False
Position: Named
Default value: None
Accept pipeline input: True (ByPropertyName)
Accept wildcard characters: False

-ReceivePackets

Specifies whether the DNS server logs receive packets.

Type: Boolean
Parameter Sets: Parameters
Aliases: 

Required: False
Position: Named
Default value: None
Accept pipeline input: True (ByPropertyName)
Accept wildcard characters: False

-SaveLogsToPersistentStorage

Specifies whether the DNS server saves logs to persistent storage.

Type: Boolean
Parameter Sets: Parameters
Aliases: 

Required: False
Position: Named
Default value: None
Accept pipeline input: True (ByPropertyName)
Accept wildcard characters: False

-SendPackets

Specifies whether the DNS server logs send packets.

Type: Boolean
Parameter Sets: Parameters
Aliases: 

Required: False
Position: Named
Default value: None
Accept pipeline input: True (ByPropertyName)
Accept wildcard characters: False

-TcpPackets

Specifies whether the DNS server logs TCP packets.

Type: Boolean
Parameter Sets: Parameters
Aliases: 

Required: False
Position: Named
Default value: None
Accept pipeline input: True (ByPropertyName)
Accept wildcard characters: False

-ThrottleLimit

Specifies the maximum number of concurrent operations that can be established to run the cmdlet. If this parameter is omitted or a value of 0 is entered, then Windows PowerShell® calculates an optimum throttle limit for the cmdlet based on the number of CIM cmdlets that are running on the computer. The throttle limit applies only to the current cmdlet, not to the session or to the computer.

Type: Int32
Parameter Sets: (All)
Aliases: 

Required: False
Position: Named
Default value: None
Accept pipeline input: False
Accept wildcard characters: False

-UdpPackets

Specifies whether the DNS server logs UDP packets.

Type: Boolean
Parameter Sets: Parameters
Aliases: 

Required: False
Position: Named
Default value: None
Accept pipeline input: True (ByPropertyName)
Accept wildcard characters: False

-UnmatchedResponse

Specifies whether the DNS server logs unmatched responses.

Type: Boolean
Parameter Sets: Parameters
Aliases: 

Required: False
Position: Named
Default value: None
Accept pipeline input: True (ByPropertyName)
Accept wildcard characters: False

-Updates

Specifies whether the DNS server logs updates.

Type: Boolean
Parameter Sets: Parameters
Aliases: 

Required: False
Position: Named
Default value: None
Accept pipeline input: True (ByPropertyName)
Accept wildcard characters: False

-UseSystemEventLog

Specifies whether the DNS server uses the system event log for logging.

Type: Boolean
Parameter Sets: Parameters
Aliases: 

Required: False
Position: Named
Default value: None
Accept pipeline input: True (ByPropertyName)
Accept wildcard characters: False

-WhatIf

Shows what would happen if the cmdlet runs. The cmdlet is not run.

Type: SwitchParameter
Parameter Sets: (All)
Aliases: wi

Required: False
Position: Named
Default value: False
Accept pipeline input: False
Accept wildcard characters: False

-WriteThrough

Specifies whether the DNS server logs write-throughs.

Type: Boolean
Parameter Sets: Parameters
Aliases: 

Required: False
Position: Named
Default value: None
Accept pipeline input: True (ByPropertyName)
Accept wildcard characters: False

CommonParameters

This cmdlet supports the common parameters: -Debug, -ErrorAction, -ErrorVariable, -InformationAction, -InformationVariable, -OutVariable, -OutBuffer, -PipelineVariable, -Verbose, -WarningAction, and -WarningVariable. For more information, see about_CommonParameters.

INPUTS

OUTPUTS

Microsoft.Management.Infrastructure.CimInstance#DnsServerDiagnostics

NOTES

0x0. The DNS server does not create a log. This is the default entry.

0x10. Logs queries.

0x10. Logs notifications.

0x20. Logs updates.

0xFE. Logs non-queries.

0x100. Logs question transactions.

0x200. Logs answers.

0x1000. Logs send packets.

0x2000. Logs receive packets.

0x4000. Logs UDP packets.

0x8000. Logs TCP packets.

0xFFFF. Logs all packets.

0x10000. Logs Active Directory write transactions.

0x20000. Logs Active Directory update transactions.

0x1000000. Logs full packets.

0x80000000. Logs write-through transactions.

Get-DnsServerDiagnostics

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