Production BOM (form) [AX 2012]

Updated: November 15, 2011

Applies To: Microsoft Dynamics AX 2012 R3, Microsoft Dynamics AX 2012 R2, Microsoft Dynamics AX 2012 Feature Pack, Microsoft Dynamics AX 2012

Click Production control > Common > Production orders > All production orders. Select a production order, and then, on the Action Pane, click BOM.

Use this form to create and manage bills of materials (BOMs) for productions. A production BOM is a list of the materials that are required to produce an item in production.

Materials are described by using item numbers, consumption, and a range of other data that is used in production. When you create a production order for a selected item, a copy of the BOM for that item is automatically added to the production BOM from the base data. If the item does not have a BOM, and no number is assigned when the production order is created, the production BOM is still created, but it is blank.

You can change, insert, or delete lines without affecting related BOMs in the base data. You can also copy other BOMs into a production BOM. Changes can be made to production BOMs at any point in the production sequence, up through the Start status. However, after production is started, changes can no longer be made.

NoteNote

If you make changes that affect cost estimation or job scheduling, you must run Estimation, Operations scheduling, or Job scheduling again before you continue.

The following tables provide descriptions for the controls in this form.

Tab

Description

Overview tab

View a list of production items that are used in production. The information that is displayed includes the type, number, and name, the warehouse where the items are stored, and information about the quantity and unit.

General tab

View or modify important attributes of the selected production item. You can see whether the item reserves on-hand inventory and where the item is used in the production sequence.

Setup tab

Define the criteria that are used to process the selected production item. These criteria include the methods that are used to calculate consumption and round the results, and also criteria for measurements.

Update

Check for the most recent updates to the current production order. The new form shows the last time that updates were made. All fields are read-only.

Quantity

View information such as the estimated quantity of the item that is used in production and the remaining consumption that must be released to production from the BOM.

NoteNote

The BOM unit can be recalculated as an inventory unit.

References tab

View the relations to items in other modules in Microsoft Dynamics AX, such as sales orders, purchase orders, or projects.

Financial dimensions

View information about financial dimensions, such as the default dimensions and where the dimensions are used in account structures and advanced rule structures.

Inventory dimensions

View information about inventory dimensions, such as the default product, storage, and tracking dimensions.

Button

Description

Inventory

View receipt and issue transactions in the physical voucher, and inventory movements and dimensions in the current voucher for the production item. You can also check receipt or issue transactions for the same lot number, check the settlements and the tree structure for settlements, make reservations, mark lots for specific orders, and check inventory dimensions.

Copy

Copy the production item.

Inquiries

View queries that can be run for the line. The requirement profile shows planned orders, inventory levels, and the receipts and issues that are expected over time.

Field

Description

Item number

Select the item that is consumed in the production. The item number must already be in the items table, and the Item type field can be set to Item or Service.

If you enter the item number manually, the system verifies that the item number is in the items table. The same item number can be used in the production BOM several times. For more information, see Released product details (form).

Site

The site where the item is stored.

Quantity

Enter the number of units of the item that are used to produce one piece of the finished item. If there is a gain of the item, instead of a loss, enter a negative quantity.

Example

On the production order (P), the dimensions for the finished item are selected in the Measurement field group as follows:

  • Height (P) 1.00

  • Width (P) 0.50

In the production BOM (B), measurements are specified as follows:

Formula = Height * Width * Constant

  • Height (B) 1.00

  • Width (B) 0

  • Constant (B) 2.00

If Width is not selected in the BOM, the Width dimension is not proportional to the width that is specified in the production table. Even if you use Height * Width * Constant as your formula, if you enter 0.00 in the BOM, the expression Width * Width is set to 1. The calculation of this example is as follows:

Quantity = Height (P) * Width (P) * Height (B) * Width (B) * Constant (B) = 1.00 * 0.50 * 1.00 * (blank = 1.00) * 2.00 = 1.00

Per series

Enter the number of units that the value applies to.

Unit

Enter the unit in which consumption is expressed. The unit ID is retrieved from the BOM unit field in the items table.

Item type

The type of item that is selected in the Item number field.

Product name

The name of the item that is selected in the Item number field.

Production

The production number of the production that the BOM line belongs to.

Position

The position of the BOM line. This field can contain an alphanumeric string of up to 10 characters.

Vendor account

For lines that have a vendor account, define a vendor number that you want purchase orders to be created for. If you leave this field blank, the vendor is obtained from the resource for the attached operation. For more information, see Purchase order (form).

Line type

Select the type of BOM line. Each type of BOM line has a specific function. Select from the following options:

  • Item – Raw materials for the BOM line must be picked in inventory, or the item is a service.

  • Phantom – The item must be exploded in this production's BOMs. When a BOM is exploded, it creates the raw materials and operations that were created as base data for the current item number on the BOM. Explosion is used for estimation.

  • Pegged supply – There is an underproduction for the item number on the BOM line. The underproduction is created when you run an estimate for the production order. The system reserves and marks the quantity for the underproduction.

  • Vendor – A purchase order must be created automatically for subcontractor work. If the item number on the BOM line is of the Vendor type, an underproduction is created when the current production is first estimated. The underproduction has the Vendor type, and the items on the BOM are created as BOM lines for the underproduction. On BOM lines that are of the Vendor type, you must either enter a value in the Oper. No. field that refers to an operation in the production route that is of the Vendor type, or specify a vendor on the BOM line.

Reservation

Specify when you want the system to reserve the item from on-hand inventory. For more information, see Inventory transactions (form).

Calculation

Select the check box to include the BOM line in the calculation of the estimated cost.

Sub-BOM

The BOM number of a specific sub-BOM. If the field is blank, the active number is used.

Subroute

The route number for the subroute. If the field is blank, the active number is used.

Oper. No.

Specify where this item is used in the production sequence.

End

Select the check box to schedule the consumption of the BOM line at the end of the specified operation.

Resource consumption

Select the check box to include consumption of the resource when consumption is calculated.

Formula

The formula that is used to calculate consumption.

Consumption is

The type of consumption. This field indicates whether the estimate concerns a variable, a constant amount, or a quantity. If variable consumption is used, the quantity of units that is used in the finished product is proportional to the quantity for the production order. The consumption is calculated as follows:

Quantity (in the production order) = Quantity (in the BOM)

Constant consumption is used when a fixed amount or quantity is defined for production items, such as startup costs. The consumption is calculated as follows:

Consumption = Quantity (in the BOM)

Flushing principle

Select the method that is used to register item consumption against a production order. Select from the following options:

  • Start – Consumption is automatically registered when you update a production order to the Started status. This is the default setting for a new item and an existing item that is updated.

  • Finish – The system registers consumption when you report a production order as finished.

  • Manual – You must manually enter consumption.

If you leave the field blank, the Flushing principle setting for the item is used.

NoteNote

To enable automatic consumption, you use this field together with the Automatic BOM consumption field when you update the production order.

Constant scrap

Enter a value for constant scrap. Scrap is calculated in the unit, such as liters, that is specified on the BOM line. Scrap is used to calculate the adjusted consumption of raw materials on the BOM line. For more information, see BOM versions and lines (form).

Variable scrap

Enter a value for variable scrap, as a percentage. Scrap is used to adjust the calculated consumption of raw materials on the BOM line. For more information, see BOM versions and lines (form).

Rounding-up

Select how cost-estimated quantities are rounded to the multiple that is specified in the Multiples field. Use rounding if the raw materials are always used in fixed quantities. Select from the following options:

  • No – Rounding is not used.

  • Quantity – Quantities are always rounded up.

  • Measurement – Select this option if the raw material is available only in predefined dimensions. If you want the dimensions to be considered when the consumption is calculated, select this option and enter 5 in the Multiples field. Rounding is calculated by determining the sales quantity, based on the measurement dimensions, and then calculating the number of times that the figure for the measurement dimensions can be included in the value in the Multiples field. The sales quantity is then rounded down to the nearest integer. You can now estimate the quantity by calculating how many multiples of the value in the Multiples field are required to produce a given quantity.

  • Consumption – The estimated quantity that is calculated is always rounded up, so that the quantity can be divided equally by the value in the Multiples field. Select this option when the total consumption of a raw material requires a predefined quantity. The remainder is then treated as a loss.

Multiples

The rounding multiple. You can use this field to round the consumption, quantity, or measurement. You can change the value in this field until the production is assigned a status of Reported as finished.

Height

The calculation factor for height. This factor is used to calculate the consumption of raw materials when consumption is proportional to the measurements that are defined in the production order. You can change the value in this field until the production order is assigned a status of Reported as finished. After a change, you must re-estimate the production order to incorporate the changes.

Width

The calculation factor for width. This factor is used to calculate the consumption of raw materials when consumption is proportional to the measurements that are defined in the production order. You can change the value in this field until the production order is assigned a status of Reported as finished.

Depth

The calculation factor for depth. This factor is used to calculate the consumption of raw materials when consumption is proportional to the measurements that are defined in the production order. You can change the value in this field until the production order is assigned a status of Reported as finished.

Density

The calculation factor for density. This factor is used to calculate the consumption of raw materials when consumption is proportional to the measurements that are defined in the production order. You can change the value in this field until the production order is assigned a status of Reported as finished.

Constant

The calculation factor for constant. This factor is used to calculate the consumption of raw materials when consumption is proportional to the measurements that are defined in the production order. You can change the value in his field until the production order is assigned a status of Reported as finished.

Estimated

The estimated quantity or volume of the item that is used in the production. In the Consumption is field, indicate whether the consumption is variable or constant.

The calculations are as follows:

  • Variable – Estimated quantity or volume = Quantity (in the production order) * Quantity (in the BOM)

  • Constant – Estimated quantity or volume = Quantity (in the BOM)

When you calculate consumption, you also include variable or constant removal scrap.

Similarly, any scrap percentage that is specified for the production route is calculated in the consumption.

Remaining quantity

Of the quantity that was posted by the picking list, the quantity that is still not end-updated, or costing updated.

Started

The quantity of items, in the BOM unit, that was released to production. For more information, see the description of the BOM unit field.

The BOM unit can be converted to an inventory unit.

Released quantity

The consumption, in the BOM unit, that was released to production, but that has not yet been included in the cost accounting.

Estimated

The cost-estimated quantity or amount of the item, in the inventory unit, that you want to include in the production. For more information, see Released product details (form).

The consumption is calculated when estimation is run. In the case of variable consumption, the following formula is used to calculate the consumption: Quantity (in the production order) * Quantity (in the BOM). The Consumption is field determines whether the consumption is variable or constant.

When the production has a status, 0.00 is displayed in the Quantity field.

Started

The quantity that was released to production. The quantity is expressed in the inventory unit.

The inventory unit can be converted to a BOM unit.

Remaining quantity

The consumption that must be released to production. The consumption is expressed in the inventory unit that is used for the estimated quantity. For more information, see Released product details (form).

Reference type

The relation to objects in other modules in Microsoft Dynamics AX. Together with the Reference number and Reference lot fields, this field contains the complete reference to the object that the production line refers to. For example, the production line can refer to a sales order, project, production, or purchase order.

Example

The reference to a purchase line is structured as follows:

  1. The reference type is Purchase.

  2. The reference number is the purchase number of the purchase order.

  3. The reference lot is the lot number of a specific line on the purchase order.

If the line in the production BOM generates a purchase, you can view the reference to that purchase directly from the reference that is generated.

If this field is blank, there are no relations to objects in other modules in Microsoft Dynamics AX. You cannot change the value in this field.

Reference number

The references to sales orders, purchase orders, productions, or production lines. This field depends on the Reference type field. Together with the Reference type and Reference lot fields, this field contains the complete reference to the object that the production line refers to.

Example

The reference to a purchase line is structured as follows:

  1. The reference type is Purchase order.

  2. The reference number is the purchase number of the purchase order.

  3. The reference lot is the lot number of a specific line on the purchase order.

If the line in the production BOM generates a purchase, you can view the reference to that purchase directly from the reference that is generated.

If this field is blank, there are no relations to objects in other modules in Microsoft Dynamics AX. You cannot change the value in this field.

Reference lot

The lot number that is referred to. Together with the Reference type and Reference number fields, this field contains the complete reference to the object that the production line refers to.

Example

The reference to a purchase line is structured as follows:

  1. The reference type is Purchase order.

  2. The reference number is the purchase number of the purchase order.

  3. The reference lot is the lot number of a specific line on the purchase order.

If the line in the production BOM generates a purchase, you can view the reference to that purchase directly from the reference that is generated.

If this field is blank, there are no relations to objects in other modules in Microsoft Dynamics AX. You cannot change the value in this field.

Raw material date

The scheduled date for material consumption.

Raw material time

The scheduled time for material consumption.

Remain status

The remaining steps that must be performed for a specific BOM line. The status of back orders is related to the status of the production's back orders. For more information, see the description of the Remain status field in Production orders (form).

Select from the following options:

  • Material consumption – Materials must still be delivered to production as specified by the cost-estimated consumption for a specific BOM line.

  • Ended – The production order must still be ended. All materials have been delivered for a specific BOM line.

Constant released

A selected check box indicates that the constant consumption has been released.

Finished picking

A selected check box indicates that picking has been completed, and the picking list journal has been posted.

Lot ID

The lot number. This number is used to refer to the current inventory transactions that are attached to the BOM line. When you click the Inventory button and select Transactions, all inventory transactions that have this lot number are displayed. For more information, see Lot (form).

When you click Inventory and select Lot, the current lot is displayed. For more information, see Inventory transactions (form).

Dimension No.

The inventory dimension.

Unit

The unit in which consumption is expressed. The unit ID is retrieved from the BOM unit field in the items table.

Default financial dimensions

The default financial dimensions for the main account. When you select a financial dimension value, the Where the %1 dimension is used field group displays where the dimension is used in account structures and advanced rule structures.

Where the %1 dimension is used

The account structures and advanced rule structures that use the financial dimensions that you selected in the Financial dimensions or Default financial dimensions field group.

NoteNote

The name of the field depends on the selection in the Financial dimensions or Default financial dimensions field group.

Size

The size of the item.

Color

The color of the item.

Configuration

Select an item configuration to define an item that has specific attributes.

Warehouse

Enter the warehouse where the item is stored.

Batch number

Enter the batch number. If you select Edit lines and Explode lines in the upper section of the Receive form, you can change the batch number for the transfer order line.

Location

Select a location inside a warehouse. If you select Edit lines and Explode lines in the upper section of the Receive form, you can change the location number for the transfer order line.

Pallet ID

The unique ID of the pallet. This ID is also known as the Serial Shipping Container Code.

Serial number

The serial number. If you select Edit lines and Explode lines in the upper section of the Receive form, you can change the serial number for the transfer order line.


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