About the provision for foreseeable losses [AX 2012]

Updated: October 11, 2012

Applies To: Microsoft Dynamics AX 2012 R3, Microsoft Dynamics AX 2012 R2, Microsoft Dynamics AX 2012 Feature Pack, Microsoft Dynamics AX 2012

If you determine that the total contract costs will exceed the total contract revenue, you can use the provision for foreseeable losses to recognize an expected loss on a project as an expense transaction.

If total costs exceed the contract value on an estimate project, the surplus expenses appear with a negative value in the Accrued loss field of the Profit and loss tab in the Estimate form.

NoteNote

To open the Estimate form, depending on the version of the product that you are using, do one of the following:

  • In Microsoft Dynamics AX 2012 R2: Click Project management and accounting > Common > Projects > All projects. Select or open a Fixed-price or Investment project. In the Projects form, on the Revenue recognition FastTab, right-click the Estimate project ID field, and then click View details on the shortcut menu. In the Estimate projects form, in the Related information group, click Estimates.

  • Otherwise: Click Project management and accounting > Common > Projects > Estimate projects. On the Action Pane, on the Estimate project tab, in the Related information group, click Estimates.

You can apply the provision for foreseeable losses to fixed-price projects and investment projects. If the total estimated costs on a fixed-price project exceed the contract value, the loss is taken immediately. For investment projects, a maximum capitalization limit applies.

How losses are posted depends on the project type and, for fixed-price projects, the matching principle that has been selected. In general, either accrued revenue is reduced or costs are accrued.

On a fixed-price project, a foreseeable loss is detected when the total estimated cost exceeds the total contract value.

If the total estimated costs on the project exceed the contract value, costs beyond the contract value are accrued. The costs (amounts entered on the cost lines) are compared with the contract value. When the estimate is posted, the amount that exceeds the contract value is posted as an expense transaction on the WIP-accrued-loss or credit account. It is also posted on the accrued-loss or debit account.

If the total estimated costs on the project exceed the contract value, the amounts accrued as either sales value or profit is reduced. The costs (amounts entered on the cost lines) are compared with the contract value. When you use the following principles, the estimate is posted and the amount that exceeds the contract value is posted accordingly:

  • Sales value matching rule: Accrued revenue - sales value is posted to a WIP - sales value account.

  • Production + profit matching rule: Accrued revenue - profit is posted to a WIP - profit account.

On an investment project, you must use maximum capitalization. The maximum capitalization limit determines what the WIP value of the project costs can amount to. The project costs are compared with the maximum capitalization amount, and the amount that exceeds the maximum capitalization limit is posted as an expense transaction on the WIP - accrued loss (credit) and the Accrued loss (debit) accounts.

Manually enter the maximum capitalization amount on the estimate. If the maximum capitalization limit is exceeded on a project, the surplus expenses appear in the Accrued loss field of the Totals tab in the Estimate form.

Estimate values that have been entered manually are not recalculated automatically if a loss occurs and the foreseeable losses check box is selected. This is so that you can record the percent-complete value for reporting.


Announcements: To see known issues and recent fixes, use Issue search in Microsoft Dynamics Lifecycle Services (LCS).

Community Additions

ADD
Show: