Get-Recipient

 

Applies to: Exchange Online, Exchange Online Protection, Exchange Server 2016, Office 365 Security & Compliance Center

Topic Last Modified: 2016-03-31

This cmdlet is available in on-premises Exchange Server 2016 and in the cloud-based service. Some parameters and settings may be exclusive to one environment or the other.

Use the Get-Recipient cmdlet to view existing recipient objects in your organization. This cmdlet returns all mail-enabled objects (for example, mailboxes, mail users, mail contacts, and distribution groups).

noteNote:
In cloud environments, Get-Recipient doesn't return Office 365 groups.

For information about the parameter sets in the Syntax section below, see Exchange cmdlet syntax.

Get-Recipient [-BookmarkDisplayName <String>] [-Identity <RecipientIdParameter>] [-IncludeBookmarkObject <$true | $false>] <COMMON PARAMETERS>

Get-Recipient [-RecipientPreviewFilter <String>] <COMMON PARAMETERS>

Get-Recipient [-Database <DatabaseIdParameter>] <COMMON PARAMETERS>

Get-Recipient [-Anr <String>] <COMMON PARAMETERS>

COMMON PARAMETERS: [-AccountPartition <AccountPartitionIdParameter>] [-AuthenticationType <Managed | Federated>] [-Capabilities <MultiValuedProperty>] [-Credential <PSCredential>] [-DomainController <Fqdn>] [-Filter <String>] [-IgnoreDefaultScope <SwitchParameter>] [-Organization <OrganizationIdParameter>] [-OrganizationalUnit <OrganizationalUnitIdParameter>] [-Properties <String[]>] [-PropertySet <All | ControlPanel | ConsoleSmallSet | ConsoleLargeSet | Minimum>] [-ReadFromDomainController <SwitchParameter>] [-RecipientType <RecipientType[]>] [-RecipientTypeDetails <RecipientTypeDetails[]>] [-ResultSize <Unlimited>] [-SortBy <String>]

This example retrieves as summary list of all recipients in your organization.

Get-Recipient -ResultSize unlimited

This example returns detailed information for the recipient named Marketing Department.

Get-Recipient -Identity "Marketing Department" | Format-List

This example retrieves information about all the mail contacts in your organization and sorts them by office.

Get-Recipient -RecipientType MailContact -SortBy Office | Format-Table -Auto Office,Name

The Get-Recipient cmdlet may not return all object-specific properties for a recipient. To view the object-specific properties for a recipient, you need to use the corresponding cmdlet based on the object type (for example, Get-Mailbox, Get-MailUser, or Get-DistributionGroup).

You need to be assigned permissions before you can run this cmdlet. Although all parameters for this cmdlet are listed in this topic, you may not have access to some parameters if they're not included in the permissions assigned to you. To see what permissions you need, see the "Recipient provisioning permissions" section in the Recipients Permissions topic.

 

Parameter Required Type Description

AccountPartition

Optional

Microsoft.Exchange.Configuration.Tasks.AccountPartitionIdParameter

This parameter is reserved for internal Microsoft use.

Anr

Optional

System.String

The Anr parameter specifies a string on which to perform an ambiguous name resolution (ANR) search. You can specify a partial string and search for objects with an attribute that matches that string. The default attributes searched are:

  • CommonName (CN)

  • DisplayName

  • FirstName

  • LastName

  • Alias

AuthenticationType

Optional

Microsoft.Exchange.Data.Directory.AuthenticationType

This parameter is available only in the cloud-based service.

The AuthenticationType parameter specifies the recipient by authentication type. Use one of the following values:

  • Federated

  • Managed

BookmarkDisplayName

Optional

System.String

This parameter is reserved for internal Microsoft use.

Capabilities

Optional

Microsoft.Exchange.Data.MultiValuedProperty

This parameter is reserved for internal Microsoft use.

Credential

Optional

System.Management.Automation.PSCredential

This parameter is available only in on-premises Exchange 2016.

The Credential parameter specifies the user name and password that's used to run this command. Typically, you use this parameter in scripts or when you need to provide different credentials that have the required permissions.

This parameter requires the creation and passing of a credential object. This credential object is created by using the Get-Credential cmdlet. For more information, see Get-Credential.

Database

Optional

Microsoft.Exchange.Configuration.Tasks.DatabaseIdParameter

This parameter is available only in on-premises Exchange 2016.

The Database parameter specifies a mailbox database. Use this parameter to return all recipients stored on a specific mailbox database. Use the mailbox database Name property as the value for this parameter.

DomainController

Optional

Microsoft.Exchange.Data.Fqdn

This parameter is available only in on-premises Exchange 2016.

The DomainController parameter specifies the domain controller that's used by this cmdlet to read data from or write data to Active Directory. You identify the domain controller by its fully qualified domain name (FQDN). For example, dc01.contoso.com.

Filter

Optional

System.String

The Filter parameter indicates the OPath filter used to filter recipients.

For more information about the filterable properties, see Filterable properties for the -Filter parameter.

Identity

Optional

Microsoft.Exchange.Configuration.Tasks.RecipientIdParameter

The Identity parameter specifies the recipient object that you want to view. You can use any value that uniquely identifies the recipient.

For example:

  • Name

  • Display name

  • Alias

  • Distinguished name (DN)

  • Canonical DN

  • Email address

  • GUID

IgnoreDefaultScope

Optional

System.Management.Automation.SwitchParameter

This parameter is available only in on-premises Exchange 2016.

The IgnoreDefaultScope switch tells the command to ignore the default recipient scope setting for the Exchange Management Shell session, and to use the entire forest as the scope. This allows the command to access Active Directory objects that aren't currently available in the default scope.

Using the IgnoreDefaultScope switch introduces the following restrictions:

  • You can't use the DomainController parameter. The command uses an appropriate global catalog server automatically.

  • You can only use the DN for the Identity parameter. Other forms of identification, such as alias or GUID, aren't accepted.

IncludeBookmarkObject

Optional

System.Boolean

This parameter is reserved for internal Microsoft use.

Organization

Optional

Microsoft.Exchange.Configuration.Tasks.OrganizationIdParameter

This parameter is reserved for internal Microsoft use.

OrganizationalUnit

Optional

Microsoft.Exchange.Configuration.Tasks.OrganizationalUnitIdParameter

The OrganizationalUnit parameter filters the results based on the object's location in Active Directory. Only objects that exist in the specified location are returned. Valid input for this parameter is an organizational unit (OU) or domain that's visible using the Get-OrganizationalUnit cmdlet. You can use any value that uniquely identifies the OU or domain. For example:

  • Name

  • Canonical name

  • Distinguished name (DN)

  • GUID

Properties

Optional

System.String[]

This parameter is reserved for internal Microsoft use.

PropertySet

Optional

Microsoft.Exchange.Data.Directory.Management.PropertySet

This parameter is reserved for internal Microsoft use.

ReadFromDomainController

Optional

System.Management.Automation.SwitchParameter

This parameter is available only in on-premises Exchange 2016.

The ReadFromDomainController switch specifies that information should be read from a domain controller in the user's domain. If you run the command Set-AdServerSettings -ViewEntireForest $true to include all objects in the forest and you don't use the ReadFromDomainController switch, it's possible that information will be read from a global catalog that has outdated information. When you use the ReadFromDomainController switch, multiple reads might be necessary to get the information. You don't have to specify a value with this switch.

noteNote:
By default, the recipient scope is set to the domain that hosts your Exchange servers.

RecipientPreviewFilter

Optional

System.String

The RecipientPreviewFilter parameter specifies a recipient filter that would define the recipients returned by this command. You can create a custom recipient filter for a dynamic distribution group, an address list, or an email address policy. To verify that the recipient filter you specified will return the recipients you want, you can pass the OPATH filter specified in the RecipientFilter property for that dynamic distribution group, address list, or email address policy to the RecipientPreviewFilter parameter and preview the list of recipients.

RecipientType

Optional

Microsoft.Exchange.Data.Directory.Recipient.RecipientType[]

The RecipientType parameter specifies the type of recipients to return. You can use one or more of the following values:

  • DynamicDistributionGroup

  • UserMailbox

  • MailUser

  • MailContact

  • MailUniversalDistributionGroup

  • MailUniversalSecurityGroup

  • MailNonUniversalGroup

  • PublicFolder

RecipientTypeDetails

Optional

Microsoft.Exchange.Data.Directory.Recipient.RecipientTypeDetails[]

The RecipientTypeDetails parameter specifies the type of recipients returned. Recipient types are divided into recipient types and subtypes. Each recipient type contains all common properties for all subtypes. For example, the type UserMailbox represents a user account in Active Directory that has an associated mailbox. Because there are several mailbox types, each mailbox type is identified by the RecipientTypeDetails parameter. For example, a conference room mailbox has RecipientTypeDetails set to ConferenceRoomMailbox, whereas a user mailbox has RecipientTypeDetails set to UserMailbox.

You can select from the following values:

  • ArbitrationMailbox

  • ConferenceRoomMailbox

  • Contact

  • DiscoveryMailbox

  • DynamicDistributionGroup

  • EquipmentMailbox

  • ExternalManagedContact

  • ExternalManagedDistributionGroup

  • LegacyMailbox

  • LinkedMailbox

  • MailboxPlan

  • MailContact

  • MailForestContact

  • MailNonUniversalGroup

  • MailUniversalDistributionGroup

  • MailUniversalSecurityGroup

  • MailUser

  • PublicFolder

  • RoleGroup

  • RoomList

  • RoomMailbox

  • SharedMailbox

  • SystemAttendantMailbox

  • SystemMailbox

  • User

  • UserMailbox

ResultSize

Optional

Microsoft.Exchange.Data.Unlimited

The ResultSize parameter specifies the maximum number of results to return. If you want to return all requests that match the query, use unlimited for the value of this parameter. The default value is 1000.

SortBy

Optional

System.String

The SortBy parameter specifies the property to sort the results by. You can sort by only one property at a time. The results are sorted in ascending order.

If the default view doesn't include the property you're sorting by, you can append the command with | Format-Table -Auto <Property1>,<Property2>... to create a new view that contains all of the properties that you want to see. Wildcards (*) in the property names are supported.

You can sort by the following properties:

  • Name

  • DisplayName

  • Alias

  • City

  • FirstName

  • LastName

  • Office

  • ServerLegacyDN

To see the input types that this cmdlet accepts, see Cmdlet Input and Output Types. If the Input Type field for a cmdlet is blank, the cmdlet doesn’t accept input data.

To see the return types, which are also known as output types, that this cmdlet accepts, see Cmdlet Input and Output Types. If the Output Type field is blank, the cmdlet doesn’t return data.

 
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