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Disable-Mailbox

 

Applies to: Exchange Online, Exchange Server 2016

This cmdlet is available in on-premises Exchange Server 2016 and in the cloud-based service. Some parameters and settings may be exclusive to one environment or the other.

Use the Disable-Mailbox cmdlet to disable the mailbox of existing users who already have mailboxes.For this cmdlet, a user could also be a public folder mailbox or an InetOrgPerson object. The user account that's associated with the mailbox remains, but it's no longer associated with a mailbox.

For information about the parameter sets in the Syntax section below, see Syntax.

Disable-Mailbox <COMMON PARAMETERS>

Disable-Mailbox [-Archive <SwitchParameter>] <COMMON PARAMETERS>

Disable-Mailbox [-RemoteArchive <SwitchParameter>] <COMMON PARAMETERS>

Disable-Mailbox [-Arbitration <SwitchParameter>] [-DisableArbitrationMailboxWithOABsAllowed <SwitchParameter>] [-DisableLastArbitrationMailboxAllowed <SwitchParameter>] <COMMON PARAMETERS>

Disable-Mailbox [-PublicFolder <SwitchParameter>] <COMMON PARAMETERS>

COMMON PARAMETERS: -Identity <MailboxIdParameter> [-Confirm [<SwitchParameter>]] [-DomainController <Fqdn>] [-IgnoreDefaultScope <SwitchParameter>] [-IgnoreLegalHold <SwitchParameter>] [-WhatIf [<SwitchParameter>]]

This example disables the mailbox of the user named John Woods and removes all mailbox attributes from John's user account..

Disable-Mailbox -Identity "John Woods"

This example disables the remote archive for the on-premises user named John Woods.

Disable-Mailbox -Identity "John Woods" -RemoteArchive

The Disable-Mailbox cmdlet removes the mailbox's Exchange attributes from Active Directory. The mailbox isn't deleted and can be reconnected to its user at a later date by using the Connect-Mailbox cmdlet.

The Disable-Mailbox cmdlet also performs the clean-up task on the individual mailbox, so the mailbox is disconnected immediately after this task completes.

Under normal circumstances, a mailbox is marked as disconnected immediately after the Disable-Mailbox or Remove-Mailbox command completes. However, if the mailbox was disabled or removed while the Exchange Information Store service was stopped, or if it was disabled or removed by an external means other than Exchange management interfaces, the status of the mailbox object in the Exchange mailbox database won't be marked as disconnected.

You need to be assigned permissions before you can run this cmdlet. Although all parameters for this cmdlet are listed in this topic, you may not have access to some parameters if they're not included in the permissions assigned to you. To see what permissions you need, see the "Recipient Provisioning Permissions" section in the Recipients Permissions topic.

 

Parameter Required Type Description

Identity

Required

Microsoft.Exchange.Configuration.Tasks.MailboxIdParameter

The Identity parameter specifies the mailbox that you want to mailbox-disable. You can use any value that uniquely identifies the mailbox. For example:

For example:

  • Name

  • Display name

  • Alias

  • Distinguished name (DN)

  • Canonical DN

  • <domain name>\<account name>

  • Email address

  • GUID

  • LegacyExchangeDN

  • SamAccountName

  • User ID or user principal name (UPN)

Arbitration

Optional

System.Management.Automation.SwitchParameter

This parameter is available only in on-premises Exchange 2016.

The Arbitration parameter specifies that the mailbox for which you are executing the command is an arbitration mailbox. Arbitration mailboxes are used for managing approval workflow. For example, an arbitration mailbox is used for handling moderated recipients and distribution group membership approval.

Archive

Optional

System.Management.Automation.SwitchParameter

The Archive switch specifies whether to disconnect the archive mailbox from the associated user. You don't need to specify a value with this switch.

Confirm

Optional

System.Management.Automation.SwitchParameter

The Confirm switch specifies whether to show or hide the confirmation prompt. How this switch affects the cmdlet depends on if the cmdlet requires confirmation before proceeding.

  • Destructive cmdlets (for example, Remove-* cmdlets) have a built-in pause that forces you to acknowledge the command before proceeding. For these cmdlets, you can skip the confirmation prompt by using this exact syntax: -Confirm:$false.

  • Most other cmdlets (for example, New-* and Set-* cmdlets) don't have a built-in pause. For these cmdlets, specifying the Confirm switch without a value introduces a pause that forces you acknowledge the command before proceeding.

DisableArbitrationMailboxWithOABsAllowed

Optional

System.Management.Automation.SwitchParameter

This parameter is available only in on-premises Exchange 2016.

The DisableArbitrationMailboxWithOABsAllowedswitch specifies whether to bypass the checks for offline address books (OABs) within the specified arbitration mailbox that is being mail-disabled. When you use this switch, the arbitration mailbox is disabled even if OABs are present in the mailbox. You don't need to specify a value with this switch.

DisableLastArbitrationMailboxAllowed

Optional

System.Management.Automation.SwitchParameter

This parameter is available only in on-premises Exchange 2016.

The DisableLastArbitrationMailboxAllowed switch specifies whether to disable the specified mailbox,even if it's the last arbitration mailbox in the organization. If you disable the last arbitration mailbox in the organization, you can't have user-created distribution groups or moderated recipients. You don't need to specify a value with this switch.

DomainController

Optional

Microsoft.Exchange.Data.Fqdn

This parameter is available only in on-premises Exchange 2016.

The DomainController parameter specifies the domain controller that's used by this cmdlet to read data from or write data to Active Directory. You identify the domain controller by its fully qualified domain name (FQDN). For example, dc01.contoso.com.

IgnoreDefaultScope

Optional

System.Management.Automation.SwitchParameter

This parameter is available only in on-premises Exchange 2016.

The IgnoreDefaultScope switch tells the command to ignore the default recipient scope setting for the Exchange Management Shell session, and to use the entire forest as the scope. This allows the command to access Active Directory objects that aren't currently available in the default scope.

Using the IgnoreDefaultScope switch introduces the following restrictions:

  • You can't use the DomainController parameter. The command uses an appropriate global catalog server automatically.

  • You can only use the DN for the Identity parameter. Other forms of identification, such as alias or GUID, aren't accepted.

IgnoreLegalHold

Optional

System.Management.Automation.SwitchParameter

The IgnoreLegalHold switch specifies whether to ignore the legal hold status of the user. When you disable or remove the user, the user's cloud-based mailbox that's on legal hold is also disabled or removed. You don't need to specify a value with this switch.

warningWarning:
After you disable or remove a mailbox, you can't include it in a discovery search. When you disable a mailbox, the mailbox is disconnected from the user account. Disconnected mailboxes and removed mailboxes are permanently deleted from the mailbox database after the deleted mailbox retention period expires. However, you can also remove a mailbox and purge it immediately from the mailbox database. Check with your organization's legal or Human Resources department before you disable or remove a mailbox that's on legal hold.

PublicFolder

Optional

System.Management.Automation.SwitchParameter

This parameter is available only in on-premises Exchange 2016.

The PublicFolderswitch specifies that the mailbox to mailbox-disable is a public folder mailbox. You need to use this switch to mailbox-disable a public folder mailbox. You don't need to specify a value with this switch.

Public folder mailboxes are specially designed mailboxes that store the hierarchy and content of public folders.

RemoteArchive

Optional

System.Management.Automation.SwitchParameter

This parameter is available only in on-premises Exchange 2016.

The RemoteArchiveswitch specifies whether to disconnect the remote archive for this mailbox. A remote archive exists in the cloud-based service. When you use this switch, the RemoteRecipientType property for the mailbox is reset to specify that this mailbox doesn't have a remote archive. You don't need to specify a value with this switch.

You can't use this switch with the Archiveswitch.

WhatIf

Optional

System.Management.Automation.SwitchParameter

The WhatIf switch simulates the actions of the command. You can use this switch to view the changes that would occur without actually applying those changes. You don't need to specify a value with this switch.

To see the input types that this cmdlet accepts, see Cmdlet Input and Output Types. If the Input Type field for a cmdlet is blank, the cmdlet doesn’t accept input data.

To see the return types, which are also known as output types, that this cmdlet accepts, see Cmdlet Input and Output Types. If the Output Type field is blank, the cmdlet doesn’t return data.

 
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