Examining the Current Structure of the Employee Table
Applies To: SQL Server 2016 Preview
The sample AdventureWorks2012 database contains an Employee table in the HumanResources schema. To avoid changing the original table, this step makes a copy of the Employee table named EmployeeDemo. To simplify the example, you only copy five columns from the original table. Then, you query the HumanResources.EmployeeDemo table to review how the data is structured in a table without using the hierarchyid data type.
To copy the Employee table
In a Query Editor window, run the following code to copy the table structure and data from the Employee table into a new table named EmployeeDemo.
USE AdventureWorks ; GO SELECT EmployeeID, LoginID, ManagerID, Title, HireDate INTO HumanResources.EmployeeDemo FROM HumanResources.Employee ; GO
To examine the structure and data of the EmployeeDemo table
This new EmployeeDemo table represents a typical table in an existing database that you might want to migrate to a new structure. In a Query Editor window, run the following code to show how the table uses a self join to display the employee/manager relationships:
SELECT Mgr.EmployeeID AS MgrID, Mgr.LoginID AS Manager, Emp.EmployeeID AS E_ID, Emp.LoginID, Emp.Title FROM HumanResources.EmployeeDemo AS Emp LEFT JOIN HumanResources.EmployeeDemo AS Mgr ON Emp.ManagerID = Mgr.EmployeeID ORDER BY MgrID, E_ID
Here is the result set.
MgrID Manager E_ID LoginID Title NULL NULL 109 adventure-works\ken0 Chief Executive Officer 3 adventure-works\roberto0 4 adventure-works\rob0 Senior Tool Designer 3 adventure-works\roberto0 9 adventure-works\gail0 Design Engineer 3 adventure-works\roberto0 11 adventure-works\jossef0 Design Engineer 3 adventure-works\roberto0 158 adventure-works\dylan0 Research and Development Manager 3 adventure-works\roberto0 263 adventure-works\ovidiu0 Senior Tool Designer 3 adventure-works\roberto0 267 adventure-works\michael8 Senior Design Engineer 3 adventure-works\roberto0 270 adventure-works\sharon0 Design Engineer 6 adventure-works\david0 2 adventure-works\kevin0 Marketing Assistant ...
The results continue for a total of 290 rows.
Notice that the ORDER BY clause caused the output to list the direct reports of each management level together. For instance, all seven of the direct reports of MgrID 3 (roberto0) are listed adjacent to each other. Although not impossible, it is much more difficult to group all those who eventually report to MgrID 3.
In the next task, we will create a new table with a hierarchyid data type, and move the data into the new table.