Spatial Data (SQL Server)

Spatial data represents information about the physical location and shape of geometric objects. These objects can be point locations or more complex objects such as countries, roads, or lakes.

SQL Server supports two spatial data types: the geometry data type and the geography data type.

  • The geometry type represents data in a Euclidean (flat) coordinate system.

  • The geography type represents data in a round-earth coordinate system.

Both data types are implemented as .NET common language runtime (CLR) data types in SQL Server.

Important note Important

For a detailed description and examples of the new spatial features in this release, download the white paper, New Spatial Features in SQL Server 2012.

Create, Construct, and Query geometry Instances

Describes the methods that you can use with instances of the geometry data type.

Create, Construct, and Query geography Instances

Describes the methods that you can use with instances of the geography data type.

Query Spatial Data for Nearest Neighbor

Describes the common query pattern that is used to find the closest spatial objects to a specific spatial object.

Create, Modify, and Drop Spatial Indexes

Provides information about creating, altering, and dropping a spatial index.

Spatial Data Types Overview

Introduces the spatial data types.

Spatial Indexes Overview

Introduces spatial indexes and describes tessellation and tessellation schemes.