Enable and Disable Change Tracking (SQL Server)
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This topic describes how to enable and disable change tracking for a database and a table.
Before you can use change tracking, you must enable change tracking at the database level. The following example shows how to enable change tracking by using ALTER DATABASE.
ALTER DATABASE AdventureWorks2012 SET CHANGE_TRACKING = ON (CHANGE_RETENTION = 2 DAYS, AUTO_CLEANUP = ON)
You can also enable change tracking in SQL Server Management Studio by using the Database Properties (ChangeTracking Page) dialog box.
You can specify the CHANGE_RETENTION and AUTO_CLEANUP options when you enable change tracking, and you can change the values at any time after change tracking is enabled.
The change retention value specifies the time period for which change tracking information is kept. Change tracking information that is older than this time period is removed periodically. When you are setting this value, you should consider how often applications will synchronize with the tables in the database. The specified retention period must be at least as long as the maximum time period between synchronizations. If an application obtains changes at longer intervals, the results that are returned might be incorrect because some of the change information has probably been removed. To avoid obtaining incorrect results, an application can use the CHANGE_TRACKING_MIN_VALID_VERSION system function to determine whether the interval between synchronizations has been too long.
You can use the AUTO_CLEANUP option to enable or disable the cleanup task that removes old change tracking information. This can be useful when there is a temporary problem that prevents applications from synchronizing and the process for removing change tracking information older than the retention period must be paused until the problem is resolved.
For any database that uses change tracking, be aware of the following:
To use change tracking, the database compatibility level must be set to 90 or greater. If a database has a compatibility level of less than 90, you can configure change tracking. However, the CHANGETABLE function, which is used to obtain change tracking information, will return an error.
Using snapshot isolation is the easiest way for you to help ensure that all change tracking information is consistent. For this reason, we strongly recommend that snapshot isolation be set to ON for the database. For more information, see Work with Change Tracking (SQL Server).
Change tracking must be enabled for each table that you want tracked. When change tracking is enabled, change tracking information is maintained for all rows in the table that are affected by a DML operation.
The following example shows how to enable change tracking for a table by using ALTER TABLE.
ALTER TABLE Person.Contact ENABLE CHANGE_TRACKING WITH (TRACK_COLUMNS_UPDATED = ON)
You can also enable change tracking for a table in SQL Server Management Studio by using the Database Properties (ChangeTracking Page) dialog box.
When the TRACK_COLUMNS_UPDATED option is set to ON, the SQL Server Database Engine stores extra information about which columns were updated to the internal change tracking table. Column tracking can enable an application to synchronize only those columns that were updated. This can improve efficiency and performance. However, because maintaining column tracking information adds some extra storage overhead, this option is set to OFF by default.
Change tracking must first be disabled for all change-tracked tables before change tracking can be set to OFF for the database. To determine the tables that have change tracking enabled for a database, use the sys.change_tracking_tables catalog view.
When no tables in a database track changes, you can disable change tracking for the database. The following example shows how to disable change tracking for a database by using ALTER DATABASE.
The following example shows how to disable change tracking for a table by using ALTER TABLE.