CREATE DATABASE AUDIT SPECIFICATION (Transact-SQL)

 

THIS TOPIC APPLIES TO:yesSQL Server (starting with 2008)noAzure SQL DatabasenoAzure SQL Data Warehouse noParallel Data Warehouse

Creates a database audit specification object using the SQL Server audit feature. For more information, see SQL Server Audit (Database Engine).

Topic link icon Transact-SQL Syntax Conventions

  
CREATE DATABASE AUDIT SPECIFICATION audit_specification_name  
{  
    FOR SERVER AUDIT audit_name   
        [ { ADD ( { <audit_action_specification> | audit_action_group_name } )   
      } [, ...n] ]  
    [ WITH ( STATE = { ON | OFF } ) ]  
}  
[ ; ]  
<audit_action_specification>::=  
{  
      action [ ,...n ]ON [ class :: ] securable BY principal [ ,...n ]  
}  

audit_specification_name
Is the name of the audit specification.

audit_name
Is the name of the audit to which this specification is applied.

audit_action_specification
Is the specification of actions on securables by principals that should be recorded in the audit.

action
Is the name of one or more database-level auditable actions. For a list of audit actions, see SQL Server Audit Action Groups and Actions.

audit_action_group_name
Is the name of one or more groups of database-level auditable actions. For a list of audit action groups, see SQL Server Audit Action Groups and Actions.

class
Is the class name (if applicable) on the securable.

securable
Is the table, view, or other securable object in the database on which to apply the audit action or audit action group. For more information, see Securables.

principal
Is the name of SQL Server principal on which to apply the audit action or audit action group. For more information, see Principals (Database Engine).

WITH ( STATE = { ON | OFF } )
Enables or disables the audit from collecting records for this audit specification.

Database audit specifications are non-securable objects that reside in a given database. When a database audit specification is created, it is in a disabled state.

Users with the ALTER ANY DATABASE AUDITpermission can create database audit specifications and bind them to any audit.

After a database audit specification is created, it can be viewed by principals with the CONTROL SERVER,ALTER ANY DATABASE AUDITpermissions, or the sysadmin account.

The following example creates a server audit called Payrole_Security_Audit and then a database audit specification called Payrole_Security_Audit that audits SELECT and INSERT statements by the dbo user, for the HumanResources.EmployeePayHistory table in the AdventureWorks2012 database.

USE master ;  
GO  
-- Create the server audit.  
CREATE SERVER AUDIT Payrole_Security_Audit  
    TO FILE ( FILEPATH =   
'C:\Program Files\Microsoft SQL Server\MSSQL13.MSSQLSERVER\MSSQL\DATA' ) ;  
GO  
-- Enable the server audit.  
ALTER SERVER AUDIT Payrole_Security_Audit   
WITH (STATE = ON) ;  
GO  
-- Move to the target database.  
USE AdventureWorks2012 ;  
GO  
-- Create the database audit specification.  
CREATE DATABASE AUDIT SPECIFICATION Audit_Pay_Tables  
FOR SERVER AUDIT Payrole_Security_Audit  
ADD (SELECT , INSERT  
     ON HumanResources.EmployeePayHistory BY dbo )  
WITH (STATE = ON) ;  
GO  

CREATE SERVER AUDIT (Transact-SQL)
ALTER SERVER AUDIT (Transact-SQL)
DROP SERVER AUDIT (Transact-SQL)
CREATE SERVER AUDIT SPECIFICATION (Transact-SQL)
ALTER SERVER AUDIT SPECIFICATION (Transact-SQL)
DROP SERVER AUDIT SPECIFICATION (Transact-SQL)
CREATE DATABASE AUDIT SPECIFICATION (Transact-SQL)
ALTER DATABASE AUDIT SPECIFICATION (Transact-SQL)
DROP DATABASE AUDIT SPECIFICATION (Transact-SQL)
ALTER AUTHORIZATION (Transact-SQL)
sys.fn_get_audit_file (Transact-SQL)
sys.server_audits (Transact-SQL)
sys.server_file_audits (Transact-SQL)
sys.server_audit_specifications (Transact-SQL)
sys.server_audit_specification_details (Transact-SQL)
sys.database_audit_specifications (Transact-SQL)
sys.database_audit_specification_details (Transact-SQL)
sys.dm_server_audit_status (Transact-SQL)
sys.dm_audit_actions (Transact-SQL)
Create a Server Audit and Server Audit Specification

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