MSSQLSERVER_4186

 
Product NameSQL Server
Event ID4186
Event SourceMSSQLSERVER
ComponentSQLEngine
Symbolic Name
Message TextColumn '%ls.%.*ls' cannot be referenced in the OUTPUT clause because the column definition contains a subquery or references a function that performs user or system data access. A function is assumed by default to perform data access if it is not schemabound. Consider removing the subquery or function from the column definition or removing the column from the OUTPUT clause.

To prevent nondeterministic behavior, the OUTPUT clause cannot reference a column from a view or inline table-valued function when that column is defined by one of the following methods:

  • A subquery.

  • A user-defined function that performs user or system data access, or is assumed to perform such access.

  • A computed column that contains a user-defined function that performs user or system data access in its definition.

Examples

View Column Defined by a Subquery

The following example creates a view that uses a subquery in the select list to define the column State. An UPDATE statement then references the State column in the OUTPUT clause and fails because ob the subquery in the select list.

USE AdventureWorks2012;  
GO  
CREATE VIEW dbo.V1  
AS  
    SELECT City,  
-- subquery to return the State name  
           (SELECT Name FROM Person.StateProvince AS sp   
            WHERE sp.StateProvinceID = a.StateProvinceID) AS State  
    FROM Person.Address AS a;  
GO  
--Reference the State column in the OUTPUT clause of an UPDATE statement  
UPDATE dbo.V1   
SET City = City + 'Test'   
OUTPUT deleted.City, deleted.State, inserted.City, inserted.State  
WHERE State = 'Texas';  
GO  

View Column Defined by a Function

The following example creates a view that uses the data accessing, scalar function dbo.ufnGetStock in the select list to define the column CurrentInventory. An UPDATE statement then references the CurrentInventory column in the OUTPUT clause .

USE AdventureWorks2012;  
GO  
CREATE VIEW Production.ReorderLevels  
AS  
    SELECT ProductID, ProductModelID, ReorderPoint,  
           dbo.ufnGetStock(ProductID) AS CurrentInventory  
    FROM Production.Product;  
GO  
  
UPDATE Production.ReorderLevels  
SET ReorderPoint += CurrentInventory  
OUTPUT deleted.ReorderPoint, deleted.CurrentInventory,  
       inserted.ReorderPoint, inserted.CurrentInventory  
WHERE ProductModelID BETWEEN 75 and 80;  

Error 4186 can be corrected in one of the following ways:

  • Use joins instead of subqueries to define the column in the view or function. For example, you can rewrite the view dbo.V1 as follows.

    USE AdventureWorks2012;  
    GO  
    CREATE VIEW dbo.V1  
    AS  
        SELECT City, sp.Name AS State  
        FROM Person.Address AS a   
        JOIN Person.StateProvince AS sp   
        ON sp.StateProvinceID = a.StateProvinceID;  
    
    
  • Examine the definition of the user-defined function. If the function does not perform user or system data access, alter the function to include the WITH SCHEMABINDING clause.

  • Remove the column from the OUTPUT clause.

OUTPUT Clause (Transact-SQL)

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