Servers and Configuration

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The Internet Platform and Operations group used the followingtypes of servers to support scalable hosting mode with ActiveDirectory account creation, SMTP notification, and highavailability:

  • Front-end Web servers Run WindowsSharePoint Services, language templates, value packs, and virusscanner.

  • Back-end servers running SQLServer Store documents and data and serve asthe central data repository.

  • SMTP server Sends out e-mail forinvitations and alerts.

  • Active Directory servers Manageaccounts and provide authentication and authorization.

  • Backup server Backs up data from therest of the deployment.

  • Microsoft Operations Manager (MOM)server Monitors system and application status.(For more information about monitoring, see the fourth white paperin this series, Microsoft Windows SharePoint Services Monitoring Design and Implementation .)

  • Imaging and installation server RunsAltiris software for imaging and rebuilding servers.

Based on the initial prototype testing, cost analysis, andsolution research results, the Internet Platform and Operationsgroup decided to use a scale-out solution on the front-end Webservers and a highly scalable solution on the back-end SQL Serverclusters and storage area networks (SAN) storage unit. Thefront-end servers have two processors and the back-end servers havefour processors. SAN provides high availability and scalability.Figure 1 shows a high-level view of the Windows SharePoint Services(Beta) server farm topology.


  1. Public DNS servers

  2. Internet

  3. Router (Cisco Systems)

  4. Load balancer (F5 Networks BIG-IP)

  5. Load balancer (F5 Networks BIG-IP)

  6. Front-end Web server farm (six servers)

  7. SMTP and DNS server

  8. Terminal services, debugging, and administration server

  9. SQL Server server 1

  10. SQL Server server 2

  11. SQL Server server 3

  12. SQL Server server 4

  13. SAN unit (Hewlett Packard)

  14. Active Directory domain controller 1

  15. Active Directory domain controller 2

  16. MOM server

  17. Backup server (Veritas software)

  18. Backup tape device

  19. HTML transformation server

  20. Imaging and installation server (Altiris deploymentserver)

  21. Router (Cisco Systems)

  22. Edge network

The configurations of MOM and Altiris servers follow therecommended installation steps, which are not repeated here. Bothservers run Windows 2000 Advanced Server with Service Pack 4 (SP4)and all hotfixes or Windows Server 2003 Enterprise Edition(English). For additional MOM configuration information for thisdeployment, see the fourth white paper in this series, Microsoft Windows SharePoint Services Monitoring Design and Implementation .

The following sections describe how the Internet Platform andOperations group configured the various server types. Thesedescriptions are of the Internet Platform and Operations groupdeployment; if you choose to deploy a similar configuration, youcan choose different software. For example, where Microsoft Officeis mentioned, you can use any productivity software compatible withWindows SharePoint Services.