Windows NT Services for Macintosh

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Microsoft Windows NT Server Services for Macintosh is a thoroughly integrated component of Microsoft Windows NT Server, making it possible for computers running Windows 95, MS-DOS, Windows, Windows for Workgroups, Windows NT, and Apple Macintosh to share files and printers. After Services for Macintosh is set up, that computer can function as an AppleTalk® router. Routing capability is supported for AppleTalk Phase 2.

With Services for Macintosh, Macintosh computers need only the Macintosh operating system software to function as workstations; no additional software is required. You can, however, set up the optional user authentication module, which provides a secure logon to the computer running Windows NT Server.

When you set up Services for Macintosh on a computer running Windows NT Server, the AppleTalk Protocol, File Server for Macintosh, and the Print Server for Macintosh are started, or enabled. An explanation for each of these follows:

  • The AppleTalk Protocol is the layer of AppleTalk Phase 2 protocols that delivers data to its network destination. The AppleTalk Protocol can be configured through the Network icon in the Windows NT Server Control Panel.

  • File Server for Macintosh, also called MacFile, allows you to designate a directory as a Macintosh-accessible volume, ensures that Macintosh filenames are valid Windows NT file system (NTFS) names, and handles permissions. When set up, File Server for Macintosh commands appear in the Windows NT Server File Manager and Server Manager under the MacFile menu.

  • Print Server for Macintosh, also called MacPrint, allows all network users to send print jobs to a spooler on the computer running Windows NT Server and continue to work, rather than wait for their print jobs to complete. Windows-based users can also review the print jobs in Print Manager.

Setting up Services for Macintosh creates an icon in Control Panel on the Windows NT Server computer, which gives you the same server administration capabilities as the MacFile menu, excluding volume management. For complete information, see the Windows NT Server Services for Macintosh documentation.

On This Page

Exchanging Mail Between Windows 95 and Macintosh
Switching from Macintosh to Windows 95

Exchanging Mail Between Windows 95 and Macintosh

Upgrading a Windows 95 postoffice to a full Microsoft Mail Server postoffice with the Microsoft Mail Post Office Upgrade product allows clients running MS-DOS, Windows, Windows for Workgroups, Windows 95, Windows NT, Macintosh, and OS/2 to exchange mail.

However, before Macintosh clients can use the Microsoft Mail Server, you need a file server capable of sharing files for both Intel-compatible computers and Macintosh computers. Windows 95 File and Print Sharing services do not work with Macintosh computers. Therefore, you need to install the Microsoft Mail Server on a Windows NT or a Novell® NetWare® server.

Switching from Macintosh to Windows 95

The following section offers tips to Apple Macintosh users who are new to Windows 95.

How different is the Windows 95 desktop?

Your drives are not on the desktop but are easily accessible by double-clicking My Computer. Then double-click the drive with contents you want to view.

You can put shortcuts to programs and documents directly on the desktop for easy access. Shortcuts are similar to aliases on the Macintosh. You can remove a shortcut from the desktop by deleting its icons. To create a shortcut, right-click a folder or file, and then choose the Shortcut option.

Deleted files are temporarily moved to the Recycle Bin. You can double-click the Recycle Bin icon to see its contents (and restore any contents). To permanently delete a file or program, open the File menu, and then click Empty Recycle Bin.

Why does the mouse have two buttons?

Use the left button — the main button — for most tasks unless the right button is specified in a Help procedure. If you click an item using the right button, a menu is displayed containing commands specific to the item.

How do I find documents?

Documents are stored in folders. To view the folders on your computer, double-click My Computer, and then double-click a drive. Double-click a folder to see its contents.

How do I start a program?

All programs are on the Start menu. Click the Start button, point to Programs, point to the program folder, and then click the program name.

How can I switch between programs?

A program button is added to the taskbar at the bottom of the desktop each time you open a program. The taskbar works in a manner similar to the Apple Macintosh Application menu, but instead of opening a menu, you click the button on the taskbar to switch between programs. You can drag the taskbar to the top or to either side of the desktop.

How do I save a document?

You can save a document by using the Save command on the File menu. You can save it to any folder on any drive, and change which folder you save it to in the Save dialog box. Here are a few things you need to know when saving documents.

  • In Windows 95, the hard disk drive and floppy disk drives are identified by a letter. Most hard disk drives are assigned the letter C. Usually, the floppy disk drives are A and B.

  • A path tells you where the document is located. It contains the drive letter and folder names in which the file is stored. For example, a path could be: C:\JUNE\WORK\SCHEDULE. This tells you that the SCHEDULE document is located on the C drive in a folder named WORK that is in the JUNE folder.

How do I open a menu?

Click once to open the menu, and then click your selection. You no longer need to press and hold the mouse button to keep the menu open.

How do filenames differ between systems?

In Windows 95, you can now use long filenames (up to 256 characters). Each file has a three-character filename extension (filename.ext) to identify the file type (sometimes it also identifies the program that created the file). Filename extensions are not included when documents are listed on the Start menu or displayed in My Computer.

What are the three icons in the upper right corner?

The three icons in the upper right corner of the desktop window are used as follows:


Use this icon to reduce the window to a button on the taskbar. Click the taskbar button to open the window again.


Use this icon to enlarge the window so that it covers the entire desktop (except for the taskbar).


Use this icon to close the window.

Where do I find the items from the Macintosh menu?

The following procedures are used to find programs and documents in Windows 95:

  • Click the Start menu to see most menu items.

  • Customize system settings by pointing to Settings.

  • Point to Documents to see a list of the documents you recently opened.

  • Use Shut Down to exit Windows 95.

How can I use the Windows online Help to learn more?

To view a list of Help topics or search for a topic using the Help index, open Help from the Start menu.

For help on specific items in a window, click the question mark in the upper right corner of the dialog box, and then click the item to find out about it.