AND

Archived content. No warranty is made as to technical accuracy. Content may contain URLs that were valid when originally published, but now link to sites or pages that no longer exist.

Returns TRUE if all its arguments are TRUE; returns FALSE if one or more argument is FALSE.

Syntax

AND ( logical1 ,logical2,...)

Logical1, logical2, ... are 1 to 30 conditions you want to test that can be either TRUE or FALSE.

Remarks

  • The arguments must evaluate to logical values such as TRUE or FALSE, or the arguments must be column references that contain logical values.

  • If a column reference argument contains text, AND returns the #VALUE! error value; if it is empty, it returns FALSE.

  • If the arguments contain no logical values, AND returns the #VALUE! error value.

Example 1

Formula

Description (Result)

=AND(TRUE, TRUE)

All arguments are TRUE (TRUE)

=AND(TRUE, FALSE)

One argument is FALSE (FALSE)

=AND(2+2=4, 2+3=5)

All arguments evaluate to TRUE (TRUE)

Example 2

Col1

Col2

Formula

Description (Result)

50

104

=AND(1<[Col1], [Col1]<100)

Because 50 is between 1 and 100 (TRUE)

50

104

=IF(AND(1<[Col2], [Col2]<100), [Col2], "The value is out of range.")

Displays the second number, if it is between 1 and 100, otherwise displays a message (The value is out of range.)

50

104

=IF(AND(1<[Col1], [Col1]<100), [Col1], "The value is out of range.")

Displays the first number, if it is between 1 and 100, otherwise displays a message (50)

Show: