# AND

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Returns TRUE if all its arguments are TRUE; returns FALSE if one or more argument is FALSE.

Syntax

AND ( logical1 ,logical2,...)

Logical1, logical2, ... are 1 to 30 conditions you want to test that can be either TRUE or FALSE.

Remarks

• The arguments must evaluate to logical values such as TRUE or FALSE, or the arguments must be column references that contain logical values.

• If a column reference argument contains text, AND returns the #VALUE! error value; if it is empty, it returns FALSE.

• If the arguments contain no logical values, AND returns the #VALUE! error value.

Example 1

Formula

Description (Result)

=AND(TRUE, TRUE)

All arguments are TRUE (TRUE)

=AND(TRUE, FALSE)

One argument is FALSE (FALSE)

=AND(2+2=4, 2+3=5)

All arguments evaluate to TRUE (TRUE)

Example 2

Col1

Col2

Formula

Description (Result)

50

104

=AND(1<[Col1], [Col1]<100)

Because 50 is between 1 and 100 (TRUE)

50

104

=IF(AND(1<[Col2], [Col2]<100), [Col2], "The value is out of range.")

Displays the second number, if it is between 1 and 100, otherwise displays a message (The value is out of range.)

50

104

=IF(AND(1<[Col1], [Col1]<100), [Col1], "The value is out of range.")

Displays the first number, if it is between 1 and 100, otherwise displays a message (50)

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