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Updated: January 21, 2005

Applies To: Windows Server 2003, Windows Server 2003 R2, Windows Server 2003 with SP1, Windows Server 2003 with SP2


Graphically displays the directory structure of a path or of the disk in a drive.


tree [Drive:][Path] [/f] [/a]

Drive :
Specifies the drive that contains the disk for which you want to display the directory structure.

Specifies the directory for which you want to display the directory structure.

Displays the names of the files in each directory.

Specifies that tree is to use text characters instead of graphic characters to show the lines linking subdirectories.

Displays help at the command prompt.

  • The structure displayed by tree depends upon the parameters you specify on the command line. If you do not specify a drive or path, tree displays the tree structure beginning with the current directory of the current drive.


To display the names of all the subdirectories on the disk in your current drive, type:

tree \

To display, one screen at a time, the files in all the directories on drive C, type:

tree c:\ /f | more

To print the same list that the previous example displayed, type:

tree c:\ /f prn

Formatting legend


Format Meaning


Information that the user must supply


Elements that the user must type exactly as shown

Ellipsis (...)

Parameter that can be repeated several times in a command line

Between brackets ([])

Optional items

Between braces ({}); choices separated by pipe (|). Example: {even|odd}

Set of choices from which the user must choose only one

Courier font

Code or program output

See Also

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