The values of certain SIDs are constant across all systems. These are called well-known SIDs because they identify generic users or generic groups. For example, well-known SIDs identify the following users and groups:
Everyone (S-1-1-0) The generic group Everyone automatically includes everyone who uses the computer, even anonymous guests. The identifier authority value for this SID is 1 (World Authority). It has only one subauthority value, 0 (Null RID).
Creator Owner (S-1-3-0) The generic user Creator Owner is a placeholder in an inheritable ACE. When the ACE is inherited, the system replaces the SID for Creator Owner with the SID for the object's current owner. The identifier authority value for this SID is 3 (Creator Authority). It has only one subauthority value, 0 (Null RID).
Principal Self (S-1-5-10) The generic user Principal Self is a placeholder in an ACE on a User, Group, or Computer object in Active Directory. When you grant permission to Principal Self, you grant it to the security principal represented by the object. During an access check, the operating system replaces the SID for Principal Self with the SID for the security principal represented by the object. The identifier authority for this SID is 5 (NT Authority). It has only one subauthority value, 10 (Self RID).
There are many other well-known SIDs. To see a list of them, see the appendix "Well-Known Security Identifiers" in this book.