Translating Security on Your Member Servers

Updated: September 29, 2013

Applies To: Windows Server 2008, Windows Server 2008 R2, Windows Server 2012, Windows Server 2012 R2

Applies to: Active Directory Migration Tool 3.2 (ADMT 3.2)

Translate security on member servers to clean up the access control lists (ACLs) of the resources. After objects are migrated to the target domain, resources contain the ACL entries of the source domain objects. If you are using security identifier (SID) history to provide access to resources during the migration, the SIDs from the source domain remain in the ACLs so that users can access resources while the migration is in progress. After the migration is complete, the SIDs from the source domain are no longer needed. Use the Security Translation Wizard in the Active Directory Migration Tool (ADMT) to replace the source domain SIDs with the target domain SIDs.

You do not have to perform this procedure if you are not using SID history for resource access, because you should have already run security translation in remove mode after the user migration.

You can translate security on member servers by using the ADMT snap-in, the ADMT command-line option, or a script.

  1. On the computer in the target domain on which ADMT is installed, log on by using the ADMT account migration account.

  2. Use the Security Translation Wizard by performing the steps in the following table.

     

    Wizard page Action

    Security Translation Options

    Click Previously migrated objects.

    Domain Selection

    Under Source, in the Domain drop-down list, type or select the NetBIOS or Domain Name System (DNS) name of the source domain. In the Domain controller drop-down list, type or select the name of the domain controller, or select Any domain controller.

    Under Target, in the Domain drop-down list, type or select the NetBIOS or DNS name of the target domain. In the Domain controller drop-down list, type or select the name of the domain controller, or select Any domain controller, and then click Next.

    Computer Selection

    Click Select computers from domain, and then click Next. On the Computer Selection page, click Add to select the computers for which you want to translate security, click OK, and then click Next.

    Or

    Click Read objects from an include file, and then click Next. Type the location of the include file, and then click Next.

    Translate Objects

    Clear the User Profiles check box.

    Select all other options.

    Security Translation Options

    Click Replace.

  1. On the computer in the target domain on which ADMT is installed, log on by using the ADMT account migration account.

  2. At the command line, type the ADMT Security command with the appropriate parameters, and then press ENTER:

    ADMT SECURITY /N "<computer_name1>" "<computer_name2>" /SD:" <source_domain>" /TD:" <target_domain>" /TO:" <target_OU>" /TOT:Replace

    As an alternative, you can include parameters in an option file that is specified at the command line, as follows:

    ADMT SECURITY /N "<computer_name1>" "<computer_name2>" /O "<option_file>.txt"

    The following table lists the common parameters that are used for migrating user accounts, along with the command-line parameter and option file equivalents.

     

    Parameters Command-line syntax Option file syntax

    <Source domain>

    /SD:"source_domain"

    SourceDomain="source_domain"

    <Target domain>

    /TD:"target_domain"

    TargetDomain="target_domain"

    Security translation options

    /TOT:Replace

    TranslateOption=REPLACE

  3. Review the results that are displayed on the screen for any errors. After the wizard completes, click View Migration Log to see the list of computers, completion status, and the path to the log file for each computer. If an error is reported for a computer, you will have to refer to the log file on that computer to review any problems with local groups. The log file for each computer is named MigrationTaskID.log, and it is stored in the Windows\ADMT\Logs\Agents folder.

  • Prepare a script that incorporates ADMT commands and options for translating security on member servers by using the following sample script. Copy the script to Notepad, and save the file with a .wsf file name extension in the same folder as the AdmtConstants.vbs file.

    <Job id=" TranslatingSecurityOnMemberServersBetweenForests" >
    <Script language="VBScript"  src="AdmtConstants.vbs" />
    <Script language="VBScript" >
       Option Explicit
    
       Dim objMigration
       Dim objSecurityTranslation
    
       '
       'Create instance of ADMT migration objects.
       '
    
       Set objMigration = CreateObject("ADMT.Migration" )
       Set objSecurityTranslation = objMigration.CreateSecurityTranslation
    
       '
       'Specify general migration options.
       '
    
       objMigration.SourceDomain = "source domain" 
       objMigration.TargetDomain = "target domain" 
       objMigration.TargetOu = "Computers" 
    
       '
       'Specify security translation specific options.
       '
    
       objSecurityTranslation.TranslationOption = admtTranslateReplace
       objSecurityTranslation.TranslateFilesAndFolders = True
       objSecurityTranslation.TranslateLocalGroups = True
       objSecurityTranslation.TranslatePrinters = True
       objSecurityTranslation.TranslateRegistry = True
       objSecurityTranslation.TranslateShares = True
       objSecurityTranslation.TranslateUserProfiles = False
       objSecurityTranslation.TranslateUserRights = True
    
       '
       'Perform security translation on specified computer objects.
       '
    
       objSecurityTranslation.Translate admtData, _
      Array("computer name1" ,"computer name2" )
    
       Set objSecurityTranslation = Nothing
       Set objMigration = Nothing
    </Script>
    </Job>
    

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