Events and Errors
Updated: January 8, 2010
Applies To: Windows Server 2008 R2
This is preliminary documentation and subject to change.
Events and Errors documentation contains:
- Troubleshooting information for Windows Server 2008 R2 operating system events.
- Information about Windows Vista operating system events that pertain to the documented server areas.
- Procedures about how to diagnose and resolve problems.
- Information about how to verify that the system has been returned to a normal operating state after the resolution steps have been carried out.
Events and Errors documentation is available directly from Event Viewer. To access troubleshooting knowledge specific to an event via your Web browser, click the Event Log Online Help link while reviewing an event in Event Viewer.
For information about using Event Viewer, see < Monitoring Events link >.
To search for information about events and errors in the Windows Server 2008 Technical Library, you can use a search restricted to Events and Errors documentation: Events and Errors Live Search.
Events and Errors documentation is organized by server roles and server fundamentals. Within each role and fundamental, the information is organized in a hierarchical structure, based on the logical parts of an application or service that an administrator configures or uses to perform an administrative task.
This hierarchy presents an overview of the system as a whole from the management perspective. A good example is the Printing Infrastructure hierarchy.
In the Printing Infrastructure hierarchy, there are two major logical components: the Print Server and the Print Migration Tool. The rest of the logical components in the hierarchy—the queue, the spooler, the cluster, the driver, and the ports—are aligned under the Print Server itself. All these logical components are known as the Managed Entities of the Printing Infrastructure. Managed Entities are the main logical parts of an application or service that an administrator has to configure, monitor, or report on while managing that system. Some examples of Managed Entities are a computer, a Web service, a server role, a network device, or a hardware component. The Managed Entities of the Printing Infrastructure form the management framework of the Printing Infrastructure.
Managed Entities have specific functional areas called Aspects that are of interest to an administrator. Aspects provide discrete functionality or sets of services for a job function or responsibility (such as security, performance, or availability). In the Printing Infrastructure, the Print Queue Managed Entity has an Aspect called Installation, and another one called Queue Status, among others.
At the lowest level of the hierarchy are events. An event is a condition (error or normal) that is reported by an application or service in a system. Each event that is part of that system is linked to an Aspect in the system's hierarchy.