Export (0) Print
Expand All

Configuring Certificate Profiles in Configuration Manager

 

Updated: May 14, 2015

Applies To: System Center 2012 Configuration Manager SP2, System Center 2012 R2 Configuration Manager, System Center 2012 R2 Configuration Manager SP1

System_CAPS_noteNote

The information in this topic applies only to System Center 2012 R2 Configuration Manager versions only.

Before you can use Configuration Manager to enroll certificates on devices and for users, you must perform the configuration steps that this topic describes.

Use the following table for the steps, details, and more information about how to configure certificate enrollment in Configuration Manager. Before you start, check for any prerequisites that are listed in Prerequisites for Certificate Profiles in Configuration Manager.

After you complete these steps and verify the installation, you can configure and deploy certificate profiles. For more information, see How to Create Certificate Profiles in Configuration Manager.

Steps

Details

More information

Step 1: Install and configure the Network Device Enrollment Service and dependencies

The Network Device Enrollment Service role service for Active Directory Certificate Services (AD CS) must be running on the Windows Server 2012 R2 operating system.

System_CAPS_importantImportant

You must complete additional configuration steps before you can use the Network Device Enrollment Service with Configuration Manager.

See Step 1: Install and Configure the Network Device Enrollment Service and Dependencies in this topic.

Step 2: Install and configure the certificate registration point

You must install at least one certificate registration point. This registration point can be in a central administration site or a primary site.

See Step 2: Install and Configure the Certificate Registration Point in this topic.

Step 3: Install the Configuration Manager Policy Module

Install the Policy Module on the server that is running the Network Device Enrollment Service.

See Step 3: Install the Configuration Manager Policy Module in this topic.

Use the following information when the steps in the preceding table require supplemental procedures.

You must install and configure the Network Device Enrollment Service role service for Active Directory Certificate Services (AD CS), change the security permissions on the certificate templates, deploy a public key infrastructure (PKI) client authentication certificate, and edit the registry to increase the Internet Information Services (IIS) default URL size limit. If necessary, you must also configure the issuing certification authority (CA) to allow a custom validity period.

System_CAPS_importantImportant

Before you configure Configuration Manager to work with the Network Device Enrollment Service, verify the installation and configuration of the Network Device Enrollment Service. If these dependencies are not working correctly, you will have difficulty troubleshooting certificate enrollment by using Configuration Manager.

  1. On a server that is running Windows Server 2012 R2, install and configure the Network Device Enrollment Service role service for the Active Directory Certificate Services server role. For more information, see Network Device Enrollment Service Guidance in the Active Directory Certificate Services library on TechNet.

  2. Check, and if necessary, modify the security permissions for the certificate templates that the Network Device Enrollment Service is using:

    • For the account that runs the Configuration Manager console: Read permission.

      This permission is required so that when you run the Create Certificate Profile Wizard, you can browse to select the certificate template that you want to use when you create a SCEP settings profile. Selecting a certificate template means that some settings in the wizard are automatically populated, so there is less for you to configure and there is less risk of selecting settings that are not compatible with the certificate templates that the Network Device Enrollment Service is using.

    • For the SCEP Service account that the Network Device Enrollment Service application pool uses: Read and Enroll permissions.

      This requirement is not specific to Configuration Manager but is part of configuring the Network Device Enrollment Service. For more information, see Network Device Enrollment Service Guidance in the Active Directory Certificate Services library on TechNet.

    System_CAPS_tipTip

    To identify which certificate templates the Network Device Enrollment Service is using, view the following registry key on the server that is running the Network Device Enrollment Service: HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Cryptography\MSCEP.

    System_CAPS_noteNote

    These are the default security permissions that will be appropriate for most environments. However, you can use an alternative security configuration. For more information, see Planning for Certificate Template Permissions for Certificate Profiles in Configuration Manager.

  3. Deploy to this server a PKI certificate that supports client authentication. You might already have a suitable certificate installed on the computer that you can use, or you might have to (or prefer to) deploy a certificate specifically for this purpose. For more information about the requirements for this certificate, refer to the details for “Servers running the Configuration Manager Policy Module with the Network Device Enrollment Service role service” in the PKI Certificates for Servers section in the PKI Certificate Requirements for Configuration Manager topic.

    System_CAPS_tipTip

    If you need help deploying this certificate, you can use the instructions for Deploying the Client Certificate for Distribution Points in the Step-by-Step Example Deployment of the PKI Certificates for Configuration Manager: Windows Server 2008 Certification Authority topic, because the certificate requirements are the same with one exception:

    • Do not select the Allow private key to be exported check box on the Request Handling tab of the properties for the certificate template.

    You do not have to export this certificate with the private key because you will be able to browse to the local Computer store and select it when you configure the Configuration Manager Policy Module.

  4. Locate the root certificate that the client authentication certificate chains to. Then, export this root CA certificate to a certificate (.cer) file. Save this file to a secured location that you can securely access when you later install and configure the site system server for the certificate registration point.

  5. On the same server, use the registry editor to increase the IIS default URL size limit by setting the following registry key DWORD values in HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\System\CurrentControlSet\Services\HTTP\Parameters:

    • Set the MaxFieldLength key to 65534.

    • Set the MaxRequestBytes key to 16777216.

    For more information, see article 820129: Http.sys registry settings for Windows in the Microsoft Knowledge Base.

  6. On the same server, in Internet Information Services (IIS) Manager, modify the request-filtering settings for the /certsrv/mscep application, and then restart the server. In the Edit Request Filtering Settings dialog box, the Request Limits settings should be as follows:

    • Maximum allowed content length (Bytes): 30000000

    • Maximum URL length (Bytes): 65534

    • Maximum query string (Bytes): 65534

    For more information about these settings and how to configure them, see Requests Limits in the IIS Reference Library.

  7. If you want to be able to request a certificate that has a lower validity period than the certificate template that you are using: This configuration is disabled by default for an enterprise CA. To enable this option on an enterprise CA, use the Certutil command-line tool, and then stop and restart the certificate service by using the following commands:

    1. certutil - setreg Policy\EditFlags +EDITF_ATTRIBUTEENDDATE

    2. net stop certsvc

    3. net start certsvc

    For more information, see Certificate Services Tools and Settings in the PKI Technologies library on TechNet.

  8. Verify that the Network Device Enrollment Service is working by using the following link as an example: https://server.contoso.com/certsrv/mscep/mscep.dll. You should see the built-in Network Device Enrollment Service webpage. This webpage explains what the service is and explains that network devices use the URL to submit certificate requests.

Now that the Network Device Enrollment Service and dependencies are configured, you are ready to install and configure the certificate registration point.

You must install and configure at least one certificate registration point in the Configuration Manager hierarchy, and you can install this site system role in the central administration site or in a primary site.

System_CAPS_importantImportant

Before you install the certificate registration point, see the Site System Requirements section in the Supported Configurations for Configuration Manager topic for operating system requirements and dependencies for the certificate registration point.

  1. In the Configuration Manager console, click Administration.

  2. In the Administration workspace, expand Site Configuration, click Servers and Site System Roles, and then select the server that you want to use for the certificate registration point.

  3. On the Home tab, in the Server group, click Add Site System Roles.

  4. On the General page, specify the general settings for the site system, and then click Next.

  5. On the Proxy page, click Next. The certificate registration point does not use Internet proxy settings.

  6. On the System Role Selection page, select Certificate registration point from the list of available roles, and then click Next.

  7. On the Certificate Registration Point page, accept or change the default settings, and then click Add.

  8. In the Add URL and Root CA Certificate dialog box, specify the following, and then click OK:

    1. URL for the Network Device Enrollment Service: Specify the URL in the following format: https://<server_FQDN>/certsrv/mscep/mscep.dll. For example, if the FQDN of your server that is running the Network Device Enrollment Service is server1.contoso.com, type https://server1.contoso.com/certsrv/mscep/mscep.dll.

    2. Root CA Certificate: Browse to and select the certificate (.cer) file that you created and saved in Step 1: Install and configure the Network Device Enrollment Service and dependencies. This root CA certificate allows the certificate registration point to validate the client authentication certificate that the Configuration Manager Policy Module will use.

    System_CAPS_noteNote

    If you are using more than one server that is running the Network Device Enrollment Service, click Add to specify the details for the other servers.

  9. Click Next and complete the wizard.

  10. Wait a few minutes to let the installation finish, and then verify that the certificate registration point was installed successfully by using any of the following methods:

    • In the Monitoring workspace, expand System Status, click Component Status, and look for status messages from the SMS_CERTIFICATE_REGISTRATION_POINT component.

    • On the site system server, use the <ConfigMgr Installation Path>\Logs\crpsetup.log file and <ConfigMgr Installation Path>\Logs\crpmsi.log file. A successful installation will return an exit code of 0.

    • By using a browser, verify that you can connect to the URL of the certificate registration point—for example, https://server1.contoso.com/CMCertificateRegistration. You should see a Server Error page for the application name, with an HTTP 404 description.

  11. Locate the exported certificate file for the root CA that the certificate registration point automatically created in the following folder on the primary site server computer: <ConfigMgr Installation Path>\inboxes\certmgr.box. Save this file to a secured location that you can securely access when you later install the Configuration Manager Policy Module on the server that is running the Network Device Enrollment Service.

    System_CAPS_tipTip

    This certificate is not immediately available in this folder. You might need to wait awhile (for example, half an hour) before Configuration Manager copies the file to this location.

Now that the certificate registration point is installed and configured, you are ready to install the Configuration Manager Policy Module for the Network Device Enrollment Service.

You must install and configure the Configuration Manager Policy Module on each server that you specified in Step 2: Install and configure the certificate registration point as URL for the Network Device Enrollment Service in the properties for the certificate registration point.

  1. On the server that runs the Network Device Enrollment Service, log on as a domain administrator and copy the following files from the <ConfigMgrInstallationMedia>\SMSSETUP\POLICYMODULE\X64 folder on the Configuration Manager installation media to a temporary folder:

    • PolicyModule.msi

    • PolicyModuleSetup.exe

    In addition, if you have a LanguagePack folder on the installation media, copy this folder and its contents.

  2. From the temporary folder, run PolicyModuleSetup.exe to start the Configuration Manager Policy Module Setup wizard.

  3. On the initial page of the wizard, click Next, accept the license terms, and then click Next.

  4. On the Installation Folder page, accept the default installation folder for the policy module or specify an alternative folder, and then click Next.

  5. On the Certificate Registration Point page, specify the URL of the certificate registration point by using the FQDN of the site system server and the virtual application name that is specified in the properties for the certificate registration point. The default virtual application name is CMCertificateRegistration. For example, if the site system server has an FQDN of server1.contoso.com and you used the default virtual application name, specify https://server1.contoso.com/CMCertificateRegistration.

  6. Accept the default port of 443 or specify the alternative port number that the certificate registration point is using, and then click Next.

  7. On the Client Certificate for the Policy Module page, browse to and specify the client authentication certificate that you deployed in Step 1: Install and configure the Network Device Enrollment Service and dependencies, and then click Next.

  8. On the Certificate Registration Point Certificate page, click Browse to select the exported certificate file for the root CA that you located and saved at the end of Step 2: Install and configure the certificate registration point.

    System_CAPS_noteNote

    If you did not previously save this certificate file, it is located in the <ConfigMgr Installation Path>\inboxes\certmgr.box on the site server computer.

  9. Click Next and complete the wizard.

Now that you have completed the configuration steps to install the Network Device Enrollment Service and dependencies, the certificate registration point, and the Configuration Manager Policy Module, you are ready to deploy certificates to users and devices by creating and deploying certificate profiles. For more information about how to create certificate profiles, see How to Create Certificate Profiles in Configuration Manager.

If you want to uninstall the Configuration Manager Policy Module, use Programs and Features in Control Panel.

Was this page helpful?
(1500 characters remaining)
Thank you for your feedback
Show:
© 2015 Microsoft