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Install DPM as a virtual machine on an on-premises Hyper-V server


Applies To: System Center 2012 R2 Data Protection Manager

You can install DPM 2012 R2 as a virtual machine running on an on-premises Hyper-V server. DPM on virtual machines. You run DPM setup as described in Install System Center 2012 R2 - DPM, but note the following:

  • Virtual DPM installation is not advised for scaled up environments. Instead, use direct attach/SAN-based storage.

  • There is no size limit for VHDX.

  • Both fixed and dynamically expanding VHDX files are supported.

  • Both VHD and VHDX files are supported in the DPM storage pool.

  • DPM 2012 R2 with Update rollup 3 or later running on as a virtual machine on an on-premises Hyper-V host server supports tape drives using synthetic FC.

  • For dynamic and fixed virtual hard drives, VHD and VHDX files are supported on remote SMB shares. Note that a virtual DPM installation is required to support adding virtual hard drives to the storage pool.

  • For high availability DPM storage, virtual hard drives should be placed on scaled-out file servers (SOFS). Note that SMB 3.0 is required for scaled-out file servers. For more information, see Scale-Out File Server for Application Data overview. SOFS leverages Windows Server failover clustering and SMB 3.0.

  • Performance can suffer in scaled up (Hyper-V on CSV) environments using VHDX files compared to SAN. Therefore, for scaled up environments we don’t recommend using VHDX.

  • Virtual DPM installations do not support the following:

    • Windows 2012 Storage Spaces.

    • Virtual hard drives built on top of storage spaces.

    • Local or remote hosting of VHDX files on Windows 2012 storage spaces.

    • Enabling Disk Dedupe on volumes hosting virtual hard drives.

    • Windows 2012 iSCSI targets (which use virtual hard drives) as a DPM storage pool.

    • NTFS compression for volumes hosting VHD files used in the DPM storage pool.

    • Bitlocker on volumes hosting VHD files used for the storage pool.

    • A native 4K sector size of physical disks for VHDX files in the DPM storage pool.

    • Virtual hard drives hosted on Windows 2008 servers.

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