Install DPM as a virtual machine on an on-premises Hyper-V server
Applies To: System Center 2012 R2 Data Protection Manager
You can install DPM 2012 R2 as a virtual machine running on an on-premises Hyper-V server. DPM on virtual machines. You run DPM setup as described in Install System Center 2012 R2 - DPM, but note the following:
Virtual DPM installation is not advised for scaled up environments. Instead, use direct attach/SAN-based storage.
There is no size limit for VHDX.
Both fixed and dynamically expanding VHDX files are supported.
Both VHD and VHDX files are supported in the DPM storage pool.
DPM 2012 R2 with Update rollup 3 or later running on as a virtual machine on an on-premises Hyper-V host server supports tape drives using synthetic FC.
For dynamic and fixed virtual hard drives, VHD and VHDX files are supported on remote SMB shares. Note that a virtual DPM installation is required to support adding virtual hard drives to the storage pool.
For high availability DPM storage, virtual hard drives should be placed on scaled-out file servers (SOFS). Note that SMB 3.0 is required for scaled-out file servers. For more information, see Scale-Out File Server for Application Data overview. SOFS leverages Windows Server failover clustering and SMB 3.0.
Performance can suffer in scaled up (Hyper-V on CSV) environments using VHDX files compared to SAN. Therefore, for scaled up environments we don’t recommend using VHDX.
Virtual DPM installations do not support the following:
Windows 2012 Storage Spaces.
Virtual hard drives built on top of storage spaces.
Local or remote hosting of VHDX files on Windows 2012 storage spaces.
Enabling Disk Dedupe on volumes hosting virtual hard drives.
Windows 2012 iSCSI targets (which use virtual hard drives) as a DPM storage pool.
NTFS compression for volumes hosting VHD files used in the DPM storage pool.
Bitlocker on volumes hosting VHD files used for the storage pool.
A native 4K sector size of physical disks for VHDX files in the DPM storage pool.
Virtual hard drives hosted on Windows 2008 servers.