Walkthrough: Creating a data mash-up by using Power Query [AX 2012]

Updated: March 31, 2015

You can use Microsoft Office Excel to analyze data from Microsoft Dynamics AX. You can use tools that are included in Power BI for Office 365 to incorporate data from a variety of data sources from outside Microsoft Dynamics AX for deeper analysis.

In this walkthrough, you will use an OData feed to get Microsoft Dynamics AX data into Excel, and then mash that data with population data from Wikipedia to create a Power View report to gain business insights. Then you can share the report with your organization by using Power BI sites.

Before you can complete the procedures in this topic, you must make sure that the following prerequisites are in place.

Category

Prerequisite

More information

Required software

This walkthrough utilizes Power Query, Power Pivot, and Power BI Sites from Power BI for Office 365

Power BI for Office 365

The Queries node in the AOT has a large collection of pre-built views that you can use to expose data via OData feeds. In this walkthrough, you will use an OData feed based on the custom query CustomerInvoiceLinesTVsonly, which is based on the CustInvoiceSRS query. If your Microsoft Dynamics AX installation already has the document data source based on the CustomerInvoiceLinesTVsonly query, you can skip this procedure.

  1. In Microsoft Dynamics AX, click Organization administration > Setup > Document management > Document data sources.

  2. Click New.

  3. Specify the following values for the new data source:

    Property

    Value

    Module

    Accounts receivable

    Data source type

    Custom query

    Data source name

    CustInvoiceSRS

    After you enter CustInvoiceSRS, the Edit query window will appear. In Range, click Add. In Table, enter Customer invoice lines. In Derived table, enter Customer invoice lines. In Field, enter Item. In Criteria, enter T0004, T005.

    For the Date field, in Criteria, enter “1/1/2012”..”12/31/2012”.

    Click OK to close the CustInvoiceSRS Edit query form.

    Rename the data source to CustomerInvoiceLinesTVsOnly.

    Activated

    Select the Activated check box.

    Description

    Custom query based on CustInvoiceSRS.

  4. Click Close to close the Document data sources form.

Back to top

You can use Excel to consume OData feeds. Power Query is a Power BI for Office 365 component in Excel that helps you discover data that you can import into Excel for modeling purposes. First, you will import Microsoft Dynamics AX data from an OData feed and import only the required data.

  1. In Excel, click POWER QUERY > From Other Sources > From OData Feed.

    NoteNote

    You can install Power Query from here.

  2. Enter the URL of the OData feed you created in the previous procedure. If you are prompted for credentials, select Windows and continue. The URL is in the following format:

    http://<ServerName>:8101/DynamicsAx/Services/ODataQueryService/
    
    NoteNote

    Note the following:

    • The letters in the URL must be capitalized as shown above. The case is important for PowerBI refresh through the Data Management Gateway.

    • If you open the query service URL in a browser, you will see XML that shows a list of the OData feeds that are available.

  3. In Navigator, double click CustomerInvoiceLinesTVsOnly. If you are prompted to select privacy levels, specify your desired privacy level. For this walkthrough, select Public.

  4. Filter the data before importing it.

    Task

    Instructions

    Isolate transactions in US Dollars

    Click the CustInvoiceJour_CurrencyCode column drop-down and select only USD.

    Remove the transactions that are not subject to tax

    Click the CustInvoiceTrans_TaxGroup column drop-down and clear No-Tax.

    Remove columns that aren’t needed

    Select the CustInvoiceTrans_TaxGroup and CustInvoiceTrans_LineAmount columns. Right-click the selection and then click Remove Other Columns.

  5. Click Apply & Close.

Back to top

Next, you will import external data that you will use to add additional context to the Microsoft Dynamics AX data.

  1. In Excel, click POWER QUERY > Online Search.

  2. In the Online Search pane, enter US population by state, and then press Enter.

  3. Point to the Wikipedia entry called States and territories – List of U S states and territories by population, and then click Edit.

  4. Select the State or territory and Population estimate for July 1, 2013 columns. Right-click the selected columns and then click Remove Other Columns.

  5. Right-click Population estimate for July 1, 2013 and then click Rename. Enter Population.

  6. Right-click Population, point to Change Type, and then click Number.

  7. Click Apply & Close. The data is added to your workbook in a new tab.

  8. Click POWER QUERY > Online Search.

  9. In the Online Search pane, enter US state abbreviations, and then press Enter.

  10. Point to the Wikipedia entry called Table listing U S state abbreviations, and then click Edit.

  11. Select the Region_0 and Codes_1 columns. Right-click the selection, and then click Remove Other Columns.

  12. Click Apply & Close. The data is added to your workbook in a new tab.

Back to top

You now have data in three tabs. One contains the tax group (state abbreviation) and customer invoice transaction line amount from Microsoft Dynamics AX, one contains the population by state from Wikipedia, and one contains the states and abbreviations. Next you will merge the data so that you can work with all of it in one tab.

  1. Click POWER QUERY > Merge.

  2. Select CustomerInvoiceLinesTVsOnly from the first drop-down list.

  3. Select Table listing U S state abbreviations from the second drop-down list.

  4. Select the CustInvoiceTrans_TaxGroup column from the first source and the Codes_1 column from the second source to specify the column to use to join the two sources, and then click OK. If you are prompted to select a privacy level, select Public.

  5. Click the drop-down in NewColumn and select Region_0. Codes_1 represents the state abbreviation and is already a column in the spreadsheet, so you don’t need to add it a second time.

  6. Edit the column names:

    Column name

    Rename to

    CustInvoiceTrans_TaxGroup

    StateCode

    CustInvoiceTrans_LineAmount

    LineAmount

    NewColumn.Region_0

    State

  7. Click Apply & Close. The merged data is added to your workbook in a new tab.

  8. Click POWER QUERY > Merge.

  9. Select Merge1 from the first drop-down list.

  10. Select States and territories – List of U S states and territories by population from the second drop-down list.

  11. Select the State column from the first source and the State or territory column from the second source to specify the column to use to join the two sources, and then click OK. If you are prompted to select a privacy level, select Public.

  12. Click the drop-down in NewColumn and select Population. State or territory represents the state and is already a column in the spreadsheet, so you don’t need to add it a second time.

  13. Right-click NewColumn.Population, and then click Rename. Enter Population for the new name.

  14. Click Apply & Close. The merged data is added to your workbook in a new tab.

Back to top

You can use the Query Editor to add a calculated column that calculates the sales per capita.

  1. Click POWER QUERY. In the Workbook Queries pane, double-click Merge2. The Query Editor opens.

  2. Click Insert > Insert Custom Column.

  3. In New column name, enter Sales per capita.

  4. In Custom column formula, enter the following and then click OK:

    100*([LineAmount]/[Population])
    
  5. Click Home < Apply & Close. The merged data is added to your workbook in a new tab.

Back to top

Now that you have merged Microsoft Dynamics AX data with population data from Wikipedia and incorporated a calculated column that uses both data sources, you can use Power View to create a chart to gain business insights.

  1. In Excel, click INSERT > Power View.

  2. In the Power View Fields pane, expand Merge2.

  3. Select StateCode, LineAmount, and Population.

  4. In FIELDS, in the drop-down for Population, select Average.

  5. Click Design > Other Chart > Scatter. Resize the scatter chart to make it bigger.

  6. In the Power View Fields pane, expand Merge2. In the drop-down for Sales per capita, select Add as Size.

  7. Save your workbook.

Back to top

Now that you’ve created the report, you can add it to your Power BI sites page and share it with other people. You can also access your reports by using the Power BI app from the Windows store app. For more information about Power BI sites, see the Power BI sites documentation. For more information about the Power BI Windows Store app, see Power BI Windows Store help.

  1. From your Power BI sites page, click Shared with Everyone.

  2. Click add and then click Upload file.

  3. In Choose a file, enter the path of the Excel workbook you created and then click OK.

  4. Click the ellipses (…) on the report. You can add the report to your favorites, feature the report, make it available in Power Q&A, schedule a data refresh, or edit the report.

  5. Click the chart. The chart opens in the web browser. You can share the report by sending the URL that is in the browser with other people who have access to it.

Back to top


Announcements: To see known issues and recent fixes, use Issue search in Microsoft Dynamics Lifecycle Services (LCS).

Community Additions

ADD
Show: