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VARX.S Function (DAX)

Topic Status: Some information in this topic is preview and subject to change in future releases. Preview information describes new features or changes to existing features in Microsoft SQL Server 2016 Community Technology Preview 2 (CTP2).

Returns the variance of a sample population.

VARX.S(<table>, <expression>)

table

Any DAX expression that returns a table of data.

expression

Any DAX expression that returns a single scalar value, where the expression is to be evaluated multiple times (for each row/context).

A number that represents the variance of a sample population.

  1. VARX.S evaluates expression for each row of table and returns the variance of expression; on the assumption that table refers to a sample of the population. If table represents the entire population, then you should compute the variance by using VARX.P.

  2. VAR.S uses the following formula:

    ∑(x - x̃)²/(n-1)

    where x̃ is the average value of x for the sample population

    and n is the population size

  3. Blank rows are filtered out from columnName and not considered in the calculations.

  4. An error is returned if columnName contains less than 2 non-blank rows.

This DAX function may return different results when used in a model that is deployed and then queried in DirectQuery mode. For more information about semantic differences in DirectQuery mode, see  http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkId=219171.

The following example shows the formula for a calculated column that estimates the variance of the unit price per product for a sample population, when the formula is used in the Product table.

=VARX.S(InternetSales_USD, InternetSales_USD[UnitPrice_USD] – (InternetSales_USD[DiscountAmount_USD]/InternetSales_USD[OrderQuantity]))
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