Units [AX 2012]

Updated: October 19, 2012

Applies To: Microsoft Dynamics AX 2012 R3, Microsoft Dynamics AX 2012 R2, Microsoft Dynamics AX 2012 Feature Pack, Microsoft Dynamics AX 2012

A unit of measure is a standard base or a derived division of quantity that is used for measurement or exchange. For example, when you enter an order in Microsoft Dynamics AX, you specify both a quantity and the unit of measure that the quantity represents.

Use the Preprocess units form to define how existing company-specific units of measure are mapped to shared units of measure.

NoteNote

You must set a system language before you can start this task.

If you are upgrading to Microsoft Dynamics AX 2012 R2 or AX 2012 R3, you must identify a data partition when performing this task. If you have configured multiple partitions, the procedure must be repeated for each partition. For more information about data partitions and upgrade, see Configure partitions.

Shared units of measure replace the company-specific units of measure that are used in previous versions of Microsoft Dynamics AX. You must map each company-specific unit of measure that exists to a unit of measure that is shared across companies.

NoteNote

You can change a shared unit of measure so that it differs from the company-specific unit of measure in the number of decimal places or in the description. The existing data in the system is updated so that it reflects the changes.

When you start preprocessing units of measure, the Preprocess units form lists all units of measure from all existing companies. When you map units of measure from different companies to one set of shared units of measure, you must align information such as the number of decimal places. This information must be aligned for each unit of measure.

  1. Click Units to open the Preprocess units form.

  2. In the Partition key field, select a partition for preprocessing.

  3. In the Unit (shared) field, select the symbol that represents the shared unit of measure. Repeat this step for each line.

    TipTip

    Click Automatic assignment to automatically assign each company-specific unit of measure to a new shared unit of measure. When you click Automatic assignment, the value of the Unit field is copied to the Unit (shared) field on all lines where the Unit (shared) field is blank. However, you can manually change the value of the Unit (shared) field.

    TipTip

    We recommend that you use the international symbols for units of measure. For more information, see General Tables of Units of Measurements.

  4. Confirm that the values of the Description and Decimals fields are the same for every company.

    To consolidate a unit of measure from two companies, you select the same unit symbol in the Unit (shared) field on each line. The values of the Description and Decimals fields may be different on each line. You must align the values of these fields for each shared unit of measure. When the values of these fields are identical, the system can identify the lines that must be merged during the upgrade.

    NoteNote

    If units of measure from different companies have identical unit symbols, but the values of the Decimals, System of units, and Description fields are different, the mapping cannot be completed. In the Preprocess units form, you can use one of the following methods to resolve the issue:

    • Change the values of the Decimals, System of units, and Description fields, so that they are the same for all units that have the same symbol.

    • Change the values of the Unit (shared) fields, so that they are different for the units that have different properties.

    The solution that you choose depends on the company setup. If the properties of the units of measure differ by mistake, you can align the values of the fields for the properties. If the properties must remain different, you must change one of the unit symbols.

    TipTip

    To filter the contents of a column, select a field, and then click Filter By Selection on the toolbar. For example, to identify all lines that use the unit symbol kg, select the Unit (shared) field that has this value.

  5. In the Unit class field, select a classification for the unit of measure.

    TipTip

    The unit class represents a logical grouping of units of measure, such as area or quantity. The unit classes specify base units and standard units. Base units can be used to streamline the setup of a conversion.

    NoteNote

    When you start preprocessing units of measure, all units that are derived from existing units of measure are assigned to the Undefined class. For each shared unit of measure, you must select a unit class other than Undefined. For a shared unit of measure, the unit class must be identical on every line that is associated with the unit of measure.

  6. In the System of units field, verify that the appropriate system of units is applied.

    The field is set to None when company-specific units of measure are created manually. For units such as box and piece, None is an appropriate system of units. However, if None is not appropriate for a unit of measure, select Metric or United States customary units. Examples of units of measure that use the None category are Box and Pieces.

    NoteNote

    For a shared unit of measure, the system of units must be identical on every line that is associated with the unit of measure.

  7. Click Validate to check for validation errors before you set the units of measure to ready for upgrade.

  8. After you resolve all of the validation errors, click Set to ready for upgrade.


Announcements: To see known issues and recent fixes, use Issue search in Microsoft Dynamics Lifecycle Services (LCS).

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