(FRA) Key tasks: Commitments (Public sector) [AX 2012]

Updated: February 9, 2015

Applies To: Microsoft Dynamics AX 2012 R3, Microsoft Dynamics AX 2012 R2, Microsoft Dynamics AX 2012 Feature Pack, Microsoft Dynamics AX 2012

Commitments are budget control source documents used by public sector entities in France. Before using commitments, you should be familiar with the budgeting and budget control features that you will use.

NoteNote

This topic has been updated to include information about features that were added or changed in the following hotfix for Microsoft Dynamics AX 2012 R3 Cumulative Update 8: KB3047235

Commitments are available only if the following conditions are met:
  • The Public Sector configuration key is selected.

  • The French regulatory configuration subkey is selected.

  • In Microsoft Dynamics AX 2012 R3 Cumulative Update 8, the Commitments (France) regulatory document type is selected in the Budget parameters form, when the following hotfix is installed: KB3047235

  • In cumulative update 7 for Microsoft Dynamics AX 2012, the Use French public sector accounting rules check box is selected in the Budget parameters form.

In versions of Microsoft Dynamics AX 2012 prior to cumulative update 7, only the Public Sector configuration key must be selected, but the primary address of the legal entity must be in France.

Click these links to find more information about the concepts that are discussed in this topic.

(FRA) About commitments (Public sector)

Budgeting

Configuring the workflow system

Before you can use commitments, commitment number sequences must be defined, budget control must be set up, and available budget amounts must exist.

  1. Set up number sequences for commitments. For more information, see Number sequence overview.

  2. (Optional) Set up workflow to manage the review process for commitments.

    With workflows enabled, a yellow information bar and a Submit button or an Actions menu appear at the top of the Commitment form. If you are the originator of the commitment, you might see a Submit button. If you are an approver of the commitment, you might see an Actions menu with options to approve or reject the commitment. For more information, see Submit a document and Workflow actions.

    Some buttons in the Commitment form are not available when a commitment has been submitted for workflow approval.

    For more information, see Set up Budgeting workflows.

  3. Set up budget control following the procedures outlined in Set up budget control. The settings on the Budget control configuration form that are listed below are required for commitments. Settings not listed here can be selected according to the needs and practices of your organization.

    • In the Budget funds available section, select the following check boxes:

      • Original budget

      • Actual expenditures

      • Budget reservations for encumbrances

      • Budget reservations for pre-encumbrances

      • Budget reservations for unconfirmed pre-encumbrances

    • In the Select source documents section, select the Commitments check box.

      When you do this, the following check boxes will be selected or cleared automatically. You will not be able to change them as long as the Commitments check box is selected:

      • Purchase requisitions – Cleared

        You can create purchase requisitions, but you cannot use purchase requisitions to pre-encumber funds.

      • Enable budget control for line item on entry for purchase requisitions – Cleared

      • Purchase orders – Selected

      • Enable budget control for line item on entry for purchase orders – Selected

      • Vendor invoices – Selected

      • Enable budget control for line item on entry for vendor invoices – Selected

      In addition, although no action is required on your part, the check boxes in the Commitment accounting group in the Ledger section of the General ledger parameters form will be cleared and made unavailable. When you enable commitments, you cannot post budgetary transactions to the general ledger.

    • In the Activate budget control section, activate the budget control configuration and turn on budget control.

  4. Set up your budget and ensure that there are budget amounts available. For more information, see Create budget register entries. If you use the apportionment budget type, also see Create budget register entries (Public sector).

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  1. Click Budgeting > Common > Commitments. In the Action Pane, in the New group, click Commitment.

  2. The commitment opens in Line view. In the Action Pane, in the Show group, click Header view.

  3. In the Name field, enter a name that will identify this commitment.

  4. (Optional) In the Vendor account field, select the vendor for this commitment.

  5. In the Action Pane, in the Show group, click Line view.

  6. In the Commitment lines FastTab, click Add line. Enter the information for the first line of your commitment, including a purchase agreement line if the commitment is for a specific purchase agreement. Repeat this step until you have entered all lines.

    NoteNote

    If workflows are enabled, additional controls are displayed at the top of the Commitment form when the first line is saved. You can continue to enter additional lines, but after you click Submit and the commitment is submitted to the workflow, you can no longer add or remove lines.

  7. Click Submit on the yellow bar at the top of the commitment form to submit the commitment to workflow for approval. The budget reservation will be confirmed as part of the workflow process.

    -or-

    If your organization does not use workflow, in the Action Pane, in the Plan group, click Confirm budget reservation.

  8. Close the form.

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There are three ways to consume a commitment.

  • Assign a purchase agreement to a commitment line. The commitment is consumed when funds are released from the purchase agreement.

    To do this, specify the purchase agreement on the commitment line when you create the commitment.

  • Reference the commitment directly on a purchase order line. The commitment is consumed when the purchase order is confirmed. No purchase agreement is involved.

    To do this, create a purchase order according to your usual process. When you add a line to the purchase order, select the commitment to use for this purchase order.

  • Reference the commitment directly on a vendor invoice. There may be a purchase agreement assigned on the header of the invoice, but no purchase order is involved. The commitment is consumed when the invoice is posted.

    To do this, create a vendor invoice according to your usual process. When you add a line to the invoice, select the commitment to use for this invoice.

A commitment can be restricted to a specific vendor, or it can be available for assignment to any vendor. If the commitment is restricted to a specific vendor, it is available for selection only when the vendor invoice or purchase order specifies the same vendor.

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It is sometimes necessary to change a confirmed commitment. For example, if severe weather results in higher-than-planned spending for snow removal and related services, you may need to increase a commitment.

  1. Click Budgeting > Common > Commitments. Double-click the commitment that you want to change.

  2. In the Action Pane, in the Maintain group, click Revise.

  3. Add, delete, or change commitment lines as necessary.

    When a commitment line has already been referenced by a purchase order or vendor invoice, your ability to delete or change lines may be limited.

  4. Click Submit on the yellow bar at the top of the commitment form to submit the commitment to workflow for approval. The budget reservation will be confirmed as part of the workflow process.

    -or-

    If your organization does not use workflow, in the Action Pane, in the Plan group, click Confirm budget reservation.

  5. Close the form.

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You can use the purchase order year-end process to close purchase order encumbrances at the end of a fiscal year and re-establish them at the start of a new fiscal year. When you do this, you can also create or update commitments in the new fiscal year. For more information, see (FRA) Process purchase order encumbrances and commitments at year end (Public sector).

You can also close a single commitment line directly on a commitment. See (FRA) Commitment (form) (Public sector).

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