Install Hyper-V and create a virtual machine

 

Updated: June 6, 2016

Applies To: Windows 8, Windows 8.1, Windows Server 2012, Windows Server 2012 R2

Learn how to get started with Hyper-V on Windows Server 2012, Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows 8, or Windows 8.1 Professional and Enterprise editions. To learn more about Hyper-V including system requirements, see Hyper-V overview. For the most current version of this topic, see Install Hyper-V on Windows 10 or Install the Hyper-V role on Windows Server 2016.

In this document

Before you install Hyper-V, make sure that you have the following:

  • A user account with administrator permissions for the computer.

  • Enough memory to run all the virtual machines that you plan to run at the same time.

  • Software to install as the guest operating system for the virtual machine.

Install Hyper-V so you can create and run virtual machines on this computer.

To install the Hyper-V role in Windows Server 2012 or Windows Server 2012 R2

You can install the Hyper-V role in Server Manager or by using Windows PowerShell.

Install the Hyper-V role by using Server Manager
  1. In Server Manager, on the Manage menu, click Add Roles and Features.

  2. On the Before you begin page, verify that your destination server and network environment are prepared for the role and feature you want to install. Click Next.

  3. On the Select installation type page, select Role-based or feature-based installation and then click Next.

  4. On the Select destination server page, select a server from the server pool and then click Next.

  5. On the Select server roles page, select Hyper-V.

  6. To add the tools that you use to create and manage virtual machines, click Add Features. On the Features page, click Next.

  7. On the Create Virtual Switches page, Virtual Machine Migration page, and Default Stores page, select the appropriate options.

  8. On the Confirm installation selections page, select Restart the destination server automatically if required, and then click Install.

  9. When installation is finished, verify that Hyper-V installed correctly. Open the All Servers page in Server Manager, select a server on which you installed Hyper-V. Check the Roles and Features tile on the page for the selected server.

Install the Hyper-V role by using PowerShell
  1. Open Windows PowerShell session with elevated user rights. To do this, click the Windows Start button and type PowerShell. Right-clicPowerShell and click Run as Administrator.

  2. Run the following command where computer_name represents a remote computer on which you want to install Hyper-V. To install Hyper-V directly from a console session, do not include -ComputerName <computer_name> in the command.

    Install-WindowsFeature –Name Hyper-V -ComputerName <computer_name> -IncludeManagementTools -Restart  
    
    
  3. When the installation is finished, run the Get-WindowsFeature to verify that everything installed correctly. If you installed Hyper-V remotely, include the ComputerName parameter (Get-WindowsFeature -ComputerName <computer_name>) to view a list of roles and features installed on the server.

In Windows PowerShell, unlike in the Add Roles and Features Wizard, management tools and snap-ins for a role are not included by default. To include management tools as part of a role installation, add the -IncludeManagementTools parameter to the cmdlet. Management tools and snap-ins can't be installed on servers that runs the Server Core installation option of Windows Server. If you try to install the management tools for the Hyper-V role on a server that runs the Server Core installation option of Windows Server 2012, you are prompted to change the installation option to one that allows the management tools to run. For more information, see Install-WindowsFeature.

To enable Client Hyper-V on Windows 8 or Windows 8.1

You can enable the Hyper-V role in Program and Features or by using Windows PowerShell.

Enable the Hyper-V role by using Program and Features
  1. In the Control Panel, click Programs >Programs and Features.

  2. Click Turn Windows features on or off.

  3. Click Hyper-V, click OK, and then click Close.

Hyper-V is an optional feature so the files required for installation may or may not be present on your computer, depending on your organization’s IT policy. If you are connected to the Internet and you enable the feature, the required files will automatically download. If you are not connected to the Internet, you can download the required files and manually copy them to your computer. Otherwise you must provide the installation media.

Enable the Hyper-V role by using PowerShell
  1. Open Windows PowerShell session with elevated user rights. To do this, click the Windows Start button and type PowerShell. Right-click PowerShell and click Run as Administrator.

  2. Run the following command.

    enable-WindowsOptionalFeature -Online -FeatureName Microsoft-Hyper-V -All   
    
    
  3. When the installation is finished, reboot the computer.

For more information, see Get-WindowsOptionalFeature and Using PowerShell to Set Up Hyper-V

You can create a virtual machine by using the wizard in Hyper-V Manager or by using Windows PowerShell.

To create a virtual machine in Hyper-V Manager

  1. Open Hyper-V Manager.

  2. From the navigation pane of Hyper-V Manager, select the computer running Hyper-V.

  3. From the Actions pane, click New > Virtual Machine.

  4. Click Next in the New Virtual Machine wizard.

  5. On the Specify Name and Location page, type an appropriate name.

  6. On the Assign Memory page, specify enough memory to start the guest operating system.

  7. On the Configure Networking page, connect the virtual machine to the switch you created when you installed Hyper-V.

  8. On the Connect Virtual Hard Disk and Installation Options pages, choose the option that is appropriate for how you plan to install the guest operating system:

    • If you will install the guest operating system from a DVD or an image file (an .ISO file), choose Create a virtual hard disk. Click Next, and then click the option that describes the type of media you will use. For example, to use an .iso file, click Install an operating system from a boot CD/DVD and then specify the path to the .iso file.

    • If the guest operating system is already installed in a virtual hard disk, choose Use an existing virtual hard disk and click Next. Then, choose Install an operating system later.

  9. On the Summary page, verify your selections and then click Finish.

PowerShell Logo  Windows PowerShell equivalent commands

You can use the New-VM cmdlet to create a virtual machine in Windows PowerShell. For example, run the following command to create a virtual machine named web server with 1 GB of startup memory and use an existing virtual hard disk in which a guest operating system has already been installed.

New-VM –Name “web server” –MemoryStartupBytes 1GB –VHDPath d:\vhd\BaseImage.vhdx  

This step assumes that you configured the boot media for the virtual machine when you created the virtual machine. It can't be automated or done within a Windows PowerShell session.

To install the guest operating system

  1. From Hyper-V Manager, in the Virtual Machines section of the results pane, right-click the name of the virtual machine and click Connect.

  2. From the Action menu in the Virtual Machine Connection window, click Start.

  3. Proceed through the installation.

Hyper-V includes a software package for supported guest operating systems that improves integration between the physical computer and the virtual machine. This package is referred to as integration services. To learn more, see Integration Services.

This step can't be automated or done within a Windows PowerShell session.

To install integration services

  1. Open Hyper-V Manager. From the Server Manager Tools menu, click Hyper-V Manager.

  2. Connect to the virtual machine. Right-click the name of the virtual machine and click Connect.

  3. From the Action menu of Virtual Machine Connection, click Insert Integration Services Setup Disk. This action loads the setup disk in the virtual DVD drive. Depending on the guest operating system installed, you may need to start the installation manually.

  4. After the installation finishes, all integration services are available for use.

Show: