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Manage In-Place Archives in Exchange 2016

 

Applies to: Exchange Server 2016

Topic Last Modified: 2016-03-28

Learn how to enable, disable, and re-enable archive mailboxes in Exchange 2016, and how to verify the archive mailbox settings for a user.

In-Place Archiving helps you regain control of your organization’s messaging data by eliminating the need for personal store (.pst) files and allowing you to meet your organization’s message retention and eDiscovery requirements. With archiving enabled, users can store messages in an archive mailbox, which is accessible by using Microsoft Outlook and Outlook on the web.

Archive mailbox tasks

Enable an archive mailbox

Enable an archive mailbox when you create a new mailbox

Disable an archive mailbox

Re-enable an archive mailbox

  • You need to be assigned permissions before you can perform this procedure or procedures. To see what permissions you need, see the "In-Place Archive" entry in the Messaging policy and compliance permissions topic.

  • The procedures in this topic apply to on-premises archive mailboxes. For information about archive mailboxes in Exchange Online, see Archive mailboxes in Exchange Online.

  • To learn how to open the Exchange Management Shell in your on-premises Exchange organization, see Open the Exchange Management Shell.

  • It’s not supported to have a user’s primary mailbox reside on a version of Exchange that's older than the user’s archive. If the user’s primary mailbox is still on Exchange 2010 or Exchange 2013, you need to move it to Exchange 2016 at the same time you move the archive mailbox to Exchange 2016.

You can use the Exchange admin center or the Exchange Management Shell to enable archive mailboxes for users that already have a primary mailbox.

  1. Go to Recipients  > Mailboxes.

  2. Select a mailbox.

  3. In the details pane, under In-Place Archive, click Enable.

    tipTip:
    You can also bulk-enable archives by selecting multiple mailboxes (use the Shift or Ctrl keys). After selecting multiple mailboxes, in the details pane, click More options. Then, under Archive click Enable.
  4. On the Create In-Place Archive page, click OK to have Exchange automatically select a mailbox database for the archive or click Browse to specify one.

This example enables the archive mailbox for Tony Smith.

Enable-Mailbox "Tony Smith" -Archive

This example retrieves mailboxes in database DB01 that don’t have an on-premises or cloud-based archive enabled and don’t have a name starting with DiscoverySearchMailbox. It pipes the results to the Enable-Mailbox cmdlet to enable the archive for all mailboxes on mailbox database DB01.

Get-Mailbox -Database DB01 -Filter {ArchiveGuid -Eq $null -AND ArchiveDomain -eq $null -AND Name -NotLike "DiscoverySearchMailbox*"} | Enable-Mailbox -Archive

To verify that you’ve successfully enabled an on-premises archive for an existing mailbox, do one of the following:

  • In the EAC, go to Recipients  > Mailboxes, and then select the mailbox from the list. In the details pane, under In-Place Archive, confirm that it is set to Enabled. Click View details to view archive properties, including archive status and the mailbox database in which it is created.

  • In the Exchange Management Shell, run the following command to display information about the new archive.

    Get-Mailbox <MailboxIdentity> | Format-List Name,*Archive*
    
  • In the Exchange Management Shell, use the Test-ArchiveConnectivity cmdlet to test connectivity to the archive. For an example of how to test archive connectivity, see the Examples section in the topic, Test-ArchiveConnectivity.

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You can also enable an archive mailbox when you first create a new mailbox for a user.

  1. Go to Recipients > Mailboxes.

  2. Click New > User mailbox.

  3. On the New user mailbox page, in the Alias box, type an alias for the user.

    noteNote:
    If you leave this box blank, the value you type in the User logon name box is used for the alias.
  4. Select one of the following options:

    • Existing user that isn't mail-enabled   Click this button and then click Browse to open the Select User - Entire Forest dialog box. This dialog box displays a list of Active Directory user accounts in the forest that aren't mail-enabled or don't have Exchange mailboxes. Select the user account you want to mail-enable, and then click OK. If you select this option, you don’t have to provide user account information because this information already exists in Active Directory.

    • New user   Click this button to create a new user account in Active Directory and create a mailbox for the user. If you select this option, you'll have to provide the required user account information.

  5. Click More options to configure the following settings.

    • Mailbox database   Click Browse to select a mailbox database in which to store the mailbox. If you don’t select a database, Exchange will automatically assign one.

    • Archive   Select this check box to create an archive mailbox for the mailbox. If you create an archive mailbox, mailbox items will be moved automatically from the primary mailbox to the archive, based on the default retention policy settings or those you define.

      Click Browse to select a database to store the archive mailbox.

  6. When you're finished, click Save to create the mailbox and its archive.

This example creates the user named Chris Ashton in Active Directory, creates the mailbox on mailbox database DB01, and enables and creates an archive mailbox on DB01. To set the initial value of the password, this example creates a variable ($password), prompts you to enter a password, and assigns that password to the variable as a SecureString object.

$password = Read-Host "Enter password" -AsSecureString
New-Mailbox -UserPrincipalName cashton@contoso.com -Alias cashton -Database "DB01" -Archive -Name "Chris Ashton" -OrganizationalUnit Users -Password $password -FirstName Chris -LastName Ashton

To verify that you’ve successfully created a user mailbox with an on-premises archive, do one of the following:

  • In the EAC, go to Recipients  > Mailboxes, and then select the new user mailbox from the list. In the details pane, under In-Place Archive, confirm that it is set to Enabled. Click View details to view archive properties, including archive status and the mailbox database in which it is created.

  • In the Exchange Management Shell, run the following command to display information about the new user mailbox and archive.

    Get-Mailbox <Name> | Format-List Name,RecipientTypeDetails,PrimarySmtpAddress,*Archive*
    
  • In the Exchange Management Shell, use the Test-ArchiveConnectivity cmdlet to test connectivity to the archive. For an example of how to test archive connectivity, see the Examples section in Test-ArchiveConnectivity.

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You may want to disable a user's archive for troubleshooting purposes or compliance-related reasons. If you disable an archive mailbox, all information in the archive will be kept in the mailbox database until the mailbox retention time expires and the archive is permanently deleted. By default, Exchange keeps deleted mailboxes, including archive mailboxes, for 30 days.

  1. Go to Recipients  > Mailboxes.

  2. Select a mailbox.

  3. In the details pane, under In-Place Archive, click Disable.

    tipTip:
    You can also bulk-disable archives by selecting multiple mailboxes (use the Shift or Ctrl keys). After selecting multiple mailboxes, in the details pane, click More options. Then, under Archive click Disable.

This example disables the archive mailbox for Chris Ashton's mailbox. It doesn't disable the user's primary mailbox.

Disable-Mailbox  "Chris Ashton" -Archive

To verify that you have successfully disabled an archive mailbox, do the following:

  • In the EAC, select the mailbox. In the details pane, check its archive status under In-Place Archive.

  • In the Exchange Management Shell, run the following command to check the archive properties for the mailbox user.

    Get-Mailbox  "Chris Ashton" | Format-List *Archive*
    

    If the archive is disabled, the following values are returned for archive-related properties.

     

    Property Value

    ArchiveDatabase (for on-premises archives)

    <blank>

    ArchiveState

    None

    DisabledArchiveDatabase (for on-premises archives)

    <name of mailbox database>

    DisabledArchiveGuid

    <GUID of disabled archive>

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When you disable an archive mailbox, it becomes disconnected. A disconnected archive mailbox is retained in the mailbox database for a specified amount of time. By default, Exchange retains disconnected archive mailboxes for 30 days. Within 30 days of disabling an archive mailbox, you can reconnect it to the user's primary mailbox by re-enabling the archive. In this case, the original contents of the archive mailbox are restored. However after 30 days of disabling a mailbox, the contents of the original archive mailbox are permanently deleted (purged from the mailbox database) and can't be recovered. So if you re-enable the archive more than 30 days after disabling it, a new archive mailbox is created when you re-enable it.

  1. Go to Recipients  > Mailboxes.

  2. Select the mailbox.

  3. In the details pane, under In-Place Archive, click Enable

  4. On the Create in-place archive page, click OK.

    You can have Exchange automatically select a mailbox database for the re-enabled archive mailbox or you can click Browse to specify one.

Use the Enable-Mailbox -Archive command to re-enable an archive mailbox. For example:

Enable-Mailbox "Chris Ashton" -Archive

To verify that you have successfully connected a disabled archive mailbox to the user's primary mailbox, run the following command to retrieve the mailbox user’s archive properties, and verify the values returned for the ArchiveGuid and ArchiveDatabase properties.

Get-Mailbox "Chris Ashton" | Format-List *Archive*

As previously stated, if you re-enable an archive mailbox within 30 days of disabling it, the user will be able to access the original contents of their archive mailbox. If you re-enable the archive more than 30 days after disabling it, the new archive mailbox will be empty the first time the user accesses it.

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