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Create a Send connector to route outbound mail through a smart host

 

Applies to: Exchange Server 2016

Topic Last Modified: 2015-11-30

Create a Send connector in Exchange 2016 that's configured to route outbound mail through a smart host.

Instead of routing all outbound messages directly to the Internet, you may need to route your organization's outbound mail through a third-party smart host. For example, your organization may have an appliance that scans outbound mail for spam and malware.

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Having problems? Ask for help in the Exchange forums. Visit the forums at: Exchange Server, Exchange Online, or Exchange Online Protection.

  1. In the EAC, navigate to Mail flow > Send connectors, and then click Add Add icon. This starts the New Send connector wizard.

  2. On the first page, enter the following information:

    • Name   Enter a descriptive name for the Send connector, for example, Smart host to Internet.

    • Type   Select a descriptive value. For example, Internet or Custom. For more information about Send connector usage types, see Send connector usage types.

    When you are finished, click Next.

  3. On the next page, select Route mail through smart hosts, and then click Add Add icon. In the Add smart host dialog box that appears, identify the smart host by using one of the following values:

    • IP address   For example, 192.168.3.2.

    • Fully qualified domain name (FQDN)   For example, securitydevice01.contoso.com. Note that the Exchange source servers for the Send connector must be able to resolve the smart host in DNS by using this FQDN.

    When you are finished, click Save.

  4. You can enter multiple smart hosts by repeating Step 3. When you are finished, click Next.

  5. On the next page, in the Route mail through smart hosts section, select the authentication method that's required by the smart host. Valid values are:

     

    Authentication mechanism Description

    None

    No authentication. For example, when access to the smart host is restricted by the source IP address.

    Basic authentication

    Basic authentication. Requires a user name and password. The user name and password are sent in clear text.

    Offer basic authentication only after starting TLS

    Basic authentication that's encrypted with TLS. This requires a server certificate on the smart host that contains the exact FQDN of the smart host that's defined on the Send connector.

    Exchange Server authentication

    Generic Security Services application programming interface (GSSAPI) and Mutual GSSAPI authentication.

    Externally secured

    The connection is presumed to be secured by using a security mechanism that's external to Exchange. The connection may be an Internet Protocol security (IPsec) association or a virtual private network (VPN). Alternatively, the servers may reside in a trusted, physically controlled network.

    When you are finished, click Next.

  6. On the next page, in the Address space section, click Add Add icon. In the Add domain dialog box that appears, enter the following information:

    • Type   Verify SMTP is entered.

    • Fully Qualified Domain Name (FQDN)   Enter an asterisk (*) to indicate the Send connector applies to messages addressed to all external domains. Alternatively, you can enter a specific external domain (for example, contoso.com), or a domain and all subdomains (for example, *.contoso.com).

    • Cost   Verify 1 is entered. A lower value indicates a more preferred route for the domains you specified.

    When you are finished, click Save.

  7. Back on the previous page, the Scoped send connector setting is important if your organization has Exchange servers installed in multiple Active Directory sites:

    • If you don't select Scoped send connector, the connector is usable by all transport servers (Exchange 2016 Mailbox servers, Exchange 2013 Mailbox servers, and Exchange 2010 Hub Transport servers) in the entire Active Directory forest. This is the default value.

    • If you select Scoped send connector, the connector is only usable by other transport servers in the same Active Directory site.

    When you are finished, click Next.

  8. On the next page, in the Source server section, click Add Add icon. In the Select a Server dialog box that appears, select one or more Mailbox servers that you want to use to send outbound mail to the smart host. If you have multiple Mailbox servers in your environment, select the ones that can route mail to the smart host. If you have only one Mailbox server, select that one. After you've selected at least one Mailbox server, click Add, click OK, and then click Finish.

After you create the Send connector, it appears in the Send connector list.

  1. Open the Exchange Management Shell. For more information, see Open the Exchange Management Shell.

  2. Use the following syntax:

    New-SendConnector -Name <Name> -AddressSpaces * -Custom -DnsRoutingEnabled $false -SmartHosts <SmartHost1>[,<SmartHost2>...] [-SourceTransportServer <fqdn1>,<fqdn2>...]
    

    This example creates the Internet Send connector named "Smart host to Internet" with the following properties:

    • The usage type is Custom.

    • The Send connector uses smart host routing (the DNSRoutingEnabled parameter is set to the value $false). The smart host's IP address is 192.168.3.2, and the authentication method is None, because the smart host is configured to listen for connections only from a restricted list of source servers.

    • The Send connector is for all external domains (*). The value * is equivalent to the value "SMTP:*;1", where the address space type is SMTP, and the address space cost value is 1.

    • The local Exchange server is the source server. We aren't using the SourceTransportServer parameter, and the default value is the local Exchange server.

    • The Send connector isn't scoped to the local Active Directory site. We aren't using the IsScopedConnector parameter, and the default value is $false. The Send connector is useable by all Exchange transport servers in the Active Directory forest.

    New-SendConnector -Name "Smart host to Internet" -AddressSpaces * -Custom -DNSRoutingEnabled $false -SmartHosts 192.168.3.2 -SmartHostAuthMechanism None
    

For information about other options, see New-SendConnector.

To verify that you have successfully created a Send connector to route outbound email through a smart host, send a message from a user in your organization to an external domain that's serviced by the Send connector.

You can also turn on protocol logging for the Send connector, and view the information in the log. For more information, see Protocol logging.

 
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