Network Security: Restrict NTLM: Audit NTLM authentication in this domain
Updated: November 15, 2012
Applies To: Windows 7, Windows 8.1, Windows Server 2008 R2, Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows Server 2012, Windows 8
This security policy reference topic for the IT professional describes the best practices, location, values, management aspects, and security considerations for this policy setting. This information applies to computers running at least the Windows Server 2008 R2 or Windows 7 operating systems.
The Network Security: Restrict NTLM: Audit NTLM authentication in this domain policy setting allows you to audit on the domain controller NTLM authentication in that domain.
When you enable this policy setting on the domain controller, only authentication traffic to that domain controller will be logged.
When you enable this audit policy, it functions in the same way as the Network Security: Restrict NTLM: NTLM authentication in this domain policy setting, but it does not actually block any traffic. Therefore, you can use it effectively to understand the authentication traffic to your domain controllers and when you are ready to block that traffic, you can enable the Network Security: Restrict NTLM: NTLM authentication in this domain policy setting and select Deny for domain accounts to domain servers, Deny for domain servers, or Deny for domain accounts.
The domain controller on which this policy is set will not log events for incoming NTLM traffic.
Enable for domain accounts to domain servers
The domain controller on which this policy is set will log events for NTLM authentication logon attempts for accounts in the domain to domain servers when NTLM authentication would be denied because the Network security: Restrict NTLM: NTLM authentication in this domain policy setting is set to Deny for domain accounts to domain servers.
Enable for domain accounts
The domain controller will log events for NTLM authentication logon attempts that use domain accounts when NTLM authentication would be denied because the Network security: Restrict NTLM: NTLM authentication in this domain policy setting is set to Deny for domain accounts.
This is the same as Disable and results in no auditing of NTLM traffic. See the Group Policy section for additional information.
Depending on your environment and the duration of your testing, monitor the Operational log size regularly.
GPO_name\Computer Configuration\Windows Settings\Security Settings\Local Policies\Security Options
Server type or GPO
Default domain policy
Default domain controller policy
Stand-alone server default settings
Domain controller effective default settings
Member server effective default settings
Client computer effective default settings
This policy setting was introduced in Windows Server 2008 R2 and Windows 7.
This section describes different features and tools available to help you manage this policy.
None. Changes to this policy become effective without a restart when saved locally or distributed through Group Policy.
Setting and deploying this policy using Group Policy takes precedence over the setting on the local computer. If the Group Policy is set to Not Configured, local settings will apply.
View the Operational log to see if this policy is functioning as intended. Audit and block events are recorded on this computer in the Operational log located in Applications and Services Log\Microsoft\Windows\NTLM. Using an audit event collection system can help you collect the events for analysis more efficiently.
There are no Security Audit Event policies that can be configured to view output from this policy.
This section describes how an attacker might exploit a feature or its configuration, how to implement the countermeasure, and the possible negative consequences of countermeasure implementation.
NTLM and NTLMv2 authentication is vulnerable to a variety of malicious attacks, including SMB replay, man-in-the-middle attacks, and brute force attacks. Reducing and eliminating NTLM authentication from your environment forces the Windows operating system to use more secure protocols, such as the Kerberos version 5 protocol, or different authentication mechanisms, such as smart cards.
Enabling this policy setting will reveal through logging which computers within your network or domain handle NTLM traffic. The identity of these computers can be used in malicious ways if NTLM authentication traffic is compromised. The policy setting does not prevent or mitigate any vulnerability because it is for audit purposes only.
Restrict access to the log files when this policy setting is enabled in your production environment.
If you do not enable or configure this policy setting, no NTLM authentication traffic information will be logged. If you do enable this policy setting, only auditing functions will occur; no security enhancements will be implemented.