Update-StoreMailboxState

 

Applies to: Exchange Server 2016

This cmdlet is available only in on-premises Exchange Server 2016.

Use the Update-StoreMailboxState cmdlet to synchronize the mailbox state for a mailbox in the Exchange mailbox store with the state of the corresponding Active Directory user account.

For information about the parameter sets in the Syntax section below, see Syntax.

Update-StoreMailboxState -Database <DatabaseIdParameter> -Identity <StoreMailboxIdParameter> [-Confirm [<SwitchParameter>]] [-WhatIf [<SwitchParameter>]]

This example updates the mailbox state for a mailbox located on the mailbox database MDB01 and whose GUID is 4a830e3f-fd07-4629-baa1-8bce16b86d88.

Update-StoreMailboxState -Database MDB01 -Identity 4a830e3f-fd07-4629-baa1-8bce16b86d88

This example updates the mailbox state for all mailboxes on the mailbox database MDB02.

Get-MailboxStatistics -Database MDB02 | ForEach { Update-StoreMailboxState -Database $_.Database -Identity $_.MailboxGuid -Confirm:$false }

This example updates the mailbox state for all disconnected mailboxes on the mailbox database MDB03.

Get-MailboxStatistics -Database MDB03 | Where { $_.DisconnectReason -ne $null } | ForEach { Update-StoreMailboxState -Database $_.Database -Identity $_.MailboxGuid -Confirm:$false }

The Update-StoreMailboxState cmdlet forces the mailbox store state in the Exchange store to be synchronized with Active Directory. In some cases, it's possible that the store state for a mailbox to become out-of-sync with the state of the corresponding Active Directory user account. This can result from Active Directory replication latency. For example, if a mailbox-enabled user account is disabled in Active Directory but isn't marked as disabled in the Exchange mailbox store. In this case, running the Update-StoreMailboxState will synchronize the mailbox store state with the state of the Active Directory user account and mark the mailbox as disabled in the mailbox store. You can use this command to troubleshoot issues that may be a result when the store state for a mailbox is unexpected or if you suspect that the store state is different than the state for the corresponding Active Directory account.

You need to be assigned permissions before you can run this cmdlet. Although all parameters for this cmdlet are listed in this topic, you may not have access to some parameters if they're not included in the permissions assigned to you. To see what permissions you need, see the "Remove store mailbox" entry in the Recipients Permissions topic.

 

Parameter Required Type Description

Database

Required

Microsoft.Exchange.Configuration.Tasks.DatabaseIdParameter

The Database parameter specifies the identity of the mailbox database that contains the mailbox that you want to update the store state for. This parameter accepts the following values:

  • Database name

  • GUID

Identity

Required

Microsoft.Exchange.Configuration.Tasks.StoreMailboxIdParameter

The Identity parameter specifies the identity of the mailbox that you want to update the store state for. Use the mailbox GUID as the value for this parameter.

Run the following command to obtain the mailbox GUID and other information for all mailboxes in your organization.

Get-MailboxDatabase | Get-MailboxStatistics | Format-List DisplayName,MailboxGuid,Database,DisconnectReason,DisconnectDate

Confirm

Optional

System.Management.Automation.SwitchParameter

The Confirm switch specifies whether to show or hide the confirmation prompt. How this switch affects the cmdlet depends on if the cmdlet requires confirmation before proceeding.

  • Destructive cmdlets (for example, Remove-* cmdlets) have a built-in pause that forces you to acknowledge the command before proceeding. For these cmdlets, you can skip the confirmation prompt by using this exact syntax: -Confirm:$false.

  • Most other cmdlets (for example, New-* and Set-* cmdlets) don't have a built-in pause. For these cmdlets, specifying the Confirm switch without a value introduces a pause that forces you acknowledge the command before proceeding.

WhatIf

Optional

System.Management.Automation.SwitchParameter

The WhatIf switch simulates the actions of the command. You can use this switch to view the changes that would occur without actually applying those changes. You don't need to specify a value with this switch.

To see the input types that this cmdlet accepts, see Cmdlet Input and Output Types. If the Input Type field for a cmdlet is blank, the cmdlet doesn’t accept input data.

To see the return types, which are also known as output types, that this cmdlet accepts, see Cmdlet Input and Output Types. If the Output Type field is blank, the cmdlet doesn’t return data.

 
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