Database.Shrink Method

Shrinks the database.

Namespace: Microsoft.SqlServer.Management.Smo
Assembly: Microsoft.SqlServer.Smo (in microsoft.sqlserver.smo.dll)

public void Shrink (
	int percentFreeSpace,
	ShrinkMethod shrinkMethod
public void Shrink (
	int percentFreeSpace, 
	ShrinkMethod shrinkMethod
public function Shrink (
	percentFreeSpace : int, 
	shrinkMethod : ShrinkMethod



An Int32 value that specifies how much to reduce the database in percent.


A ShrinkMethod object value that specifies the method used to shrink the database.

Updated text: 17 July 2006

You can use the Shrink method to reduce the size of the files that make up the database manually. The data is stored more densely and unused pages are removed. Alternatively, you can shrink the database automatically at intervals by setting the AutoShrink option.

This namespace, class, or member is supported only in version 2.0 of the Microsoft .NET Framework.

'Connect to the local, default instance of SQL Server.
Dim srv As Server
srv = New Server

'Reference the AdventureWorks database.
Dim db As Database
db = srv.Databases("AdventureWorks")

'Shrink the database without truncating the log.
db.Shrink(20, ShrinkMethod.NoTruncate)

'Truncate the log.

Any public static (Shared in Microsoft Visual Basic) members of this type are thread safe. Any instance members are not guaranteed to be thread safe.

Development Platforms

For a list of the supported platforms, see Hardware and Software Requirements for Installing SQL Server 2005.

Target Platforms



17 July 2006

Changed content:
  • Added text to the Remarks section.

  • Added code to the Example section.