Backup and Restore of Analysis Services Databases
Analysis Services includes backup and restore so that you can recover a database and its objects from a particular point in time. Backup and restore is also a valid technique for migrating databases to upgraded servers, moving databases between servers, or deploying a database to a production server. For the purposes of data recovery, if you do not already have a backup plan and your data is valuable, you should design and implement a plan as soon as possible.
The backup and restore commands are performed on a deployed Analysis Services database. For your projects and solutions in SQL Server Data Tools (SSDT), you should use source control to ensure you can recover specific versions of your source files, and then create a data recovery plan for the repository of the source control system you are using.
For a full backup that includes source data, you have to back up the database which contains detail data. Specifically, if you are using ROLAP or DirectQuery database storage, detail data is stored in an external SQL Server relational database that is distinct from the Analysis Services database. Otherwise, if all objects are tabular or multidimensional, the Analysis Services backup will include both the metadata and source data.
One clear benefit of automating backup is that the data snapshot will always be as up-to-date as the automated frequency of backup specifies. Automated schedulers ensure that backups are not forgotten. Restoring a database can also be automated, and can be a good way to replicate data, but be sure to back up the encryption key file on the instance you replicate to. The synchronization feature is dedicated to replication of Analysis Services databases, but only for the data that is out of date. All of the features mentioned here can be implemented through the user interface, by way of XML/A commands or programmatically run through AMO. For more information about backup strategies, see Backup Strategies with SQL Server 2005 Analysis Services.
This topic includes the following sections:
You must have administrative permissions on the Analysis Services instance or Full Control (Administrator) permissions on the database you are backing up.
Restore location must be an Analysis Services instance that is the same version, or a newer version, as the instance from which the backup was taken. Although you cannot restore a database from a SQL Server 2016 instance to an earlier version of Analysis Services, it is common practice to restore an older version database, such as SQL Server 2012, on a newer SQL Server 2016 instance.
Restore location must be the same server type. Tabular databases can only be restored to Analysis Services running in tabular mode. Multidimensional databases require an instance running in multidimensional mode.
Use the following checklist to prepare for backup:
Check the location where the backup file will be stored. If you are using a remote location, you must specify it as a UNC folder. Verify that you can access the UNC path.
Check the permissions on the folder to ensure that the Analysis Services service account has Read/Write permissions on the folder.
Check for sufficient disk space on the target server.
Check for existing files of the same name. If a file of the same name already exists, backup will fail unless you specify options to overwrite the file.
Administrators can back up an Analysis Services database to a single Analysis Services backup file (.abf), regardless of size of the database. For step by step instructions, see How to Backup an Analysis Services Database (TechMantra) and Automate Backup an Analysis Services Database (TechMantra).
Power Pivot for SharePoint, used for loading and querying Power Pivot data models in a SharePoint environment, loads its models from SharePoint content databases. These content databases are relational and run on the SQL Server relational database engine. As such, there is no Analysis Services backup and restore strategy for Power Pivot data models. If you have a disaster recovery plan in place for SharePoint content, that plan encompasses the Power Pivot data models stored in the content databases.
If the Analysis Services database contains remote partitions, the remote partitions should also be backed up. When you back up a database with remote partitions, all the remote partitions on each remote server are backed up to a single file on each of those remote servers respectively. Therefore, if you want to create those remote backups off their respective host computers, you will have to manually copy those files to the designated storage areas.
Contents of a backup file
Backing up an Analysis Services database produces a backup file whose contents vary depending upon the storage mode used by the database objects. This difference in backup content results from the fact that each storage mode actually stores a different set of information within an Analysis Services database. For example, multidimensional hybrid OLAP (HOLAP) partitions and dimensions store aggregations and metadata in the Analysis Services database, while relational OLAP (ROLAP) partitions and dimensions only store metadata in the Analysis Services database. Because the actual contents of an Analysis Services database vary based on the storage mode of each partition, the contents of the backup file also vary. The following table associates the contents of the backup file to the storage mode used by the objects.
Contents of backup file
Multidimensional MOLAP partitions and dimensions
Metadata, source data, and aggregations
Multidimensional HOLAP partitions and dimensions
Metadata and aggregations
Multidimensional ROLAP partitions and dimensions
Tabular In-Memory Models
Metadata and source data
Tabular DirectQuery Models
Backing up an Analysis Services database does not back up the data in any underlying data sources, such as a relational database. Only the contents of the Analysis Services database are backed up.
When you back up an Analysis Services database, you can choose from the following options:
Whether to compress all database backups. The default is to compress backups.
Whether to encrypt the contents of the backup files and require a password before the file can be unencrypted and restored. By default, the backed up data is not encrypted.
For each backup file, the user who runs the backup command must have permission to write to the backup location specified for each file. Also, the user must have one of the following roles: a member of a server role for the Analysis Services instance, or a member of a database role with Full Control (Administrator) permissions on the database to be backed up.
For more information about backing up an Analysis Services database, see Backup Options.
Administrators can restore an Analysis Services database from one or more backup files.
If a backup file is encrypted, you must provide the password specified during backup before you can use that file to restore an Analysis Services database.
During restoration, you have the following options:
You can restore the database using the original database name, or you can specify a new database name.
You can overwrite an existing database. If you choose to overwrite the database, you must expressly specify that you want to overwrite the existing database.
You can choose whether to restore existing security information or skip security membership information.
You can choose to have the restore command change the restoration folder for each partition being restored. Local partitions can be restored to any folder location that is local to the Analysis Services instance to which the database is being restored. Remote partitions can be restored to any folder on any server, other than the local server; remote partitions cannot become local.
For each backup file, the user who runs the restore command must have permission to read from the backup location specified for each file. To restore an Analysis Services database that is not installed on the server, the user must also be a member of the server role for that Analysis Services instance. To overwrite an Analysis Services database, the user must have one of the following roles: a member of the server role for the Analysis Services instance, or a member of a database role with Full Control (Administrator) permissions on the database to be restored.
After restoring an existing database, the user who restored the database might lose access to the restored database. This loss of access can occur if, at the time that the backup was performed, the user was not a member of the server role or was not a member of the database role with Full Control (Administrator) permissions.
For more information about restoring an Analysis Services database, see Restore Options.