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sp_helpconstraint (Transact-SQL)

Applies To: SQL Server 2014, SQL Server 2016 Preview

Topic Status: Some information in this topic is preview and subject to change in future releases. Preview information describes new features or changes to existing features in Microsoft SQL Server 2016 Community Technology Preview 2 (CTP2).

Returns a list of all constraint types, their user-defined or system-supplied name, the columns on which they have been defined, and the expression that defines the constraint (for DEFAULT and CHECK constraints only).

Applies to: SQL Server (SQL Server 2008 through current version), Azure SQL Database.

Topic link icon Transact-SQL Syntax Conventions

sp_helpconstraint [ @objname = ] 'table' 
     [ , [ @nomsg = ] 'no_message' ] 

[ @objname= ] 'table'

Is the table about which constraint information is returned. The table specified must be local to the current database. table is nvarchar(776), with no default.

[ @nomsg=] 'no_message'

Is an optional parameter that prints the table name. no_message is varchar(5), with a default of msg. nomsg suppresses the printing.

0 (success) or 1 (failure)

sp_helpconstraint displays a descending indexed column if it participated in primary keys. The descending indexed column will be listed in the result set with a minus sign (-) following its name. The default, an ascending indexed column, will be listed by its name alone.

Executing sp_help table reports all information about the specified table. To see only the constraint information, use sp_helpconstraint.

Requires membership in the public role.

The following example shows all constraints for the Product table.

USE AdventureWorks2012;
GO
EXEC sp_helpconstraint 'Production.Product';
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