GRANT Certificate Permissions (Transact-SQL)

 

Updated: June 10, 2016

THIS TOPIC APPLIES TO:yesSQL Server (starting with 2008)yesAzure SQL DatabasenoAzure SQL Data Warehouse noParallel Data Warehouse

Grants permissions on a certificate in SQL Server.

Topic link icon Transact-SQL Syntax Conventions

  
GRANT permission  [ ,...n ]    
    ON CERTIFICATE :: certificate_name   
    TO principal [ ,...n ] [ WITH GRANT OPTION ]   
    [ AS granting_principal ]   

permission
Specifies a permission that can be granted on a certificate. Listed below.

ON CERTIFICATE ::certificate_name
Specifies the certificate on which the permission is being granted. The scope qualifier "::" is required.

database_principal
Specifies the principal to which the permission is being granted. One of the following:

  • database user

  • database role

  • application role

  • database user mapped to a Windows login

  • database user mapped to a Windows group

  • database user mapped to a certificate

  • database user mapped to an asymmetric key

  • database user not mapped to a server principal.

GRANT OPTION
Indicates that the principal will also be given the ability to grant the specified permission to other principals.

AS granting_principal
Specifies a principal from which the principal executing this query derives its right to grant the permission. One of the following:

  • database user

  • database role

  • application role

  • database user mapped to a Windows login

  • database user mapped to a Windows group

  • database user mapped to a certificate

  • database user mapped to an asymmetric key

  • database user not mapped to a server principal.

A certificate is a database-level securable contained by the database that is its parent in the permissions hierarchy. The most specific and limited permissions that can be granted on a certificate are listed below, together with the more general permissions that include them by implication.

Certificate permissionImplied by certificate permissionImplied by database permission
CONTROLCONTROLCONTROL
TAKE OWNERSHIPCONTROLCONTROL
ALTERCONTROLALTER ANY CERTIFICATE
REFERENCESCONTROLREFERENCES
VIEW DEFINITIONCONTROLVIEW DEFINITION

The grantor (or the principal specified with the AS option) must have either the permission itself with GRANT OPTION, or a higher permission that implies the permission being granted.

If using the AS option, these additional requirements apply.

AS granting_principalAdditional permission required
Database userIMPERSONATE permission on the user, membership in the db_securityadmin fixed database role, membership in the db_owner fixed database role, or membership in the sysadmin fixed server role.
Database user mapped to a Windows loginIMPERSONATE permission on the user, membership in the db_securityadmin fixed database role, membership in the db_owner fixed database role, or membership in the sysadmin fixed server role.
Database user mapped to a Windows groupMembership in the Windows group, membership in the db_securityadmin fixed database role, membership in the db_owner fixed database role, or membership in the sysadmin fixed server role.
Database user mapped to a certificateMembership in the db_securityadmin fixed database role, membership in the db_owner fixed database role, or membership in the sysadmin fixed server role.
Database user mapped to an asymmetric keyMembership in the db_securityadmin fixed database role, membership in the db_owner fixed database role, or membership in the sysadmin fixed server role.
Database user not mapped to any server principalIMPERSONATE permission on the user, membership in the db_securityadmin fixed database role, membership in the db_owner fixed database role, or membership in the sysadmin fixed server role.
Database roleALTER permission on the role, membership in the db_securityadmin fixed database role, membership in the db_owner fixed database role, or membership in the sysadmin fixed server role.
Application roleALTER permission on the role, membership in the db_securityadmin fixed database role, membership in the db_owner fixed database role, or membership in the sysadmin fixed server role.

Object owners can grant permissions on the objects they own. Principals with CONTROL permission on a securable can grant permission on that securable.

Grantees of CONTROL SERVER permission, such as members of the sysadmin fixed server role, can grant any permission on any securable in the server. Grantees of CONTROL permission on a database, such as members of the db_owner fixed database role, can grant any permission on any securable in the database. Grantees of CONTROL permission on a schema can grant any permission on any object within the schema.

GRANT (Transact-SQL)
Permissions (Database Engine)
Principals (Database Engine)
CREATE CERTIFICATE (Transact-SQL)
CREATE ASYMMETRIC KEY (Transact-SQL)
CREATE APPLICATION ROLE (Transact-SQL)
Encryption Hierarchy

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