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@@NESTLEVEL (Transact-SQL)

Applies To: SQL Server 2014, SQL Server 2016 Preview

Topic Status: Some information in this topic is preview and subject to change in future releases. Preview information describes new features or changes to existing features in Microsoft SQL Server 2016 Community Technology Preview 2 (CTP2).

Returns the nesting level of the current stored procedure execution (initially 0) on the local server.

Applies to: SQL Server (SQL Server 2008 through current version), Azure SQL Database.

Topic link icon Transact-SQL Syntax Conventions

@@NESTLEVEL

Each time a stored procedure calls another stored procedure or executes managed code by referencing a common language runtime (CLR) routine, type, or aggregate, the nesting level is incremented. When the maximum of 32 is exceeded, the transaction is terminated.

When @@NESTLEVEL is executed within a Transact-SQL string, the value returned is 1 + the current nesting level. When @@NESTLEVEL is executed dynamically by using sp_executesql the value returned is 2 + the current nesting level.

A. Using @@NESTLEVEL in a procedure

The following example creates two procedures: one that calls the other, and one that displays the @@NESTLEVEL setting of each.

USE AdventureWorks2012;
GO
IF OBJECT_ID (N'usp_OuterProc', N'P')IS NOT NULL
    DROP PROCEDURE usp_OuterProc;
GO
IF OBJECT_ID (N'usp_InnerProc', N'P')IS NOT NULL
    DROP PROCEDURE usp_InnerProc;
GO
CREATE PROCEDURE usp_InnerProc AS 
    SELECT @@NESTLEVEL AS 'Inner Level';
GO
CREATE PROCEDURE usp_OuterProc AS 
    SELECT @@NESTLEVEL AS 'Outer Level';
    EXEC usp_InnerProc;
GO
EXECUTE usp_OuterProc;
GO

Here is the result set.

Outer Level

-----------

1

Inner Level

-----------

2

B. Calling @@NESTLEVEL

The following example shows the difference in values returned by SELECT, EXEC, and sp_executesql when each of them calls @@NESTLEVEL.

CREATE PROC usp_NestLevelValues AS
    SELECT @@NESTLEVEL AS 'Current Nest Level';
EXEC ('SELECT @@NESTLEVEL AS OneGreater'); 
EXEC sp_executesql N'SELECT @@NESTLEVEL as TwoGreater' ;
GO
EXEC usp_NestLevelValues;
GO

Here is the result set.

Current Nest Level

------------------

1

(1 row(s) affected)

OneGreater

-----------

2

(1 row(s) affected)

TwoGreater

-----------

3

(1 row(s) affected)

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