REVOKE (Transact-SQL)

 

Updated: December 1, 2016

THIS TOPIC APPLIES TO: yesSQL Server (starting with 2008)yesAzure SQL DatabaseyesAzure SQL Data Warehouse yesParallel Data Warehouse

Removes a previously granted or denied permission.

Topic link icon Transact-SQL Syntax Conventions

-- Syntax for SQL Server and Azure SQL Database  
  
-- Simplified syntax for REVOKE  
REVOKE [ GRANT OPTION FOR ]  
      {   
        [ ALL [ PRIVILEGES ] ]  
        |  
                permission [ ( column [ ,...n ] ) ] [ ,...n ]  
      }  
      [ ON [ class :: ] securable ]   
      { TO | FROM } principal [ ,...n ]   
      [ CASCADE] [ AS principal ]  

-- Syntax for Azure SQL Data Warehouse and Parallel Data Warehouse  
  
REVOKE   
    <permission> [ ,...n ]  
    [ ON [ <class_type> :: ] securable ]   
    [ FROM | TO ] principal [ ,...n ]  
    [ CASCADE ]  
[;]  
  
<permission> ::=  
{ see the tables below }  
  
<class_type> ::=  
{  
      LOGIN  
    | DATABASE  
    | OBJECT  
    | ROLE  
    | SCHEMA  
    | USER  
}  

GRANT OPTION FOR
Indicates that the ability to grant the specified permission will be revoked. This is required when you are using the CASCADE argument.

System_CAPS_ICON_important.jpg Important


If the principal has the specified permission without the GRANT option, the permission itself will be revoked.

ALL

Applies to: SQL Server 2008 through SQL Server 2016.

This option does not revoke all possible permissions. Revoking ALL is equivalent to revoking the following permissions.

  • If the securable is a database, ALL means BACKUP DATABASE, BACKUP LOG, CREATE DATABASE, CREATE DEFAULT, CREATE FUNCTION, CREATE PROCEDURE, CREATE RULE, CREATE TABLE, and CREATE VIEW.

  • If the securable is a scalar function, ALL means EXECUTE and REFERENCES.

  • If the securable is a table-valued function, ALL means DELETE, INSERT, REFERENCES, SELECT, and UPDATE.

  • If the securable is a stored procedure, ALL means EXECUTE.

  • If the securable is a table, ALL means DELETE, INSERT, REFERENCES, SELECT, and UPDATE.

  • If the securable is a view, ALL means DELETE, INSERT, REFERENCES, SELECT, and UPDATE.

System_CAPS_ICON_note.jpg Note


The REVOKE ALL syntax is deprecated. This feature will be removed in a future version of Microsoft SQL Server. Avoid using this feature in new development work, and plan to modify applications that currently use this feature. Revoke specific permissions instead.

PRIVILEGES
Included for ISO compliance. Does not change the behavior of ALL.

permission
Is the name of a permission. The valid mappings of permissions to securables are described in the topics listed in Securable-specific Syntax later in this topic.

column
Specifies the name of a column in a table on which permissions are being revoked. The parentheses are required.

class
Specifies the class of the securable on which the permission is being revoked. The scope qualifier :: is required.

securable
Specifies the securable on which the permission is being revoked.

TO | FROM principal
Is the name of a principal. The principals from which permissions on a securable can be revoked vary, depending on the securable. For more information about valid combinations, see the topics listed in Securable-specific Syntax later in this topic.

CASCADE
Indicates that the permission that is being revoked is also revoked from other principals to which it has been granted by this principal. When you are using the CASCADE argument, you must also include the GRANT OPTION FOR argument.

System_CAPS_ICON_caution.jpg Caution


A cascaded revocation of a permission granted WITH GRANT OPTION will revoke both GRANT and DENY of that permission.

AS principal
Use the AS principal clause to indicate that you are revoking a permission that was granted by a principal other than you. For example, presume that user Mary is principal_id 12 and user Raul is principal 15. Both Mary and Raul grant a user named Steven the same permission. The sys.database_permissions table will indicate the permissions twice but they will each have a different grantor_prinicpal_id value. Mary could revoke the permission using the AS RAUL clause to remove Raul's grant of the permission.

The use of AS in this statement does not imply the ability to impersonate another user.

The full syntax of the REVOKE statement is complex. The syntax diagram above was simplified to draw attention to its structure. Complete syntax for revoking permissions on specific securables is described in the topics listed in Securable-specific Syntax later in this topic.

The REVOKE statement can be used to remove granted permissions, and the DENY statement can be used to prevent a principal from gaining a specific permission through a GRANT.

Granting a permission removes DENY or REVOKE of that permission on the specified securable. If the same permission is denied at a higher scope that contains the securable, the DENY takes precedence. However, revoking the granted permission at a higher scope does not take precedence.

System_CAPS_ICON_caution.jpg Caution


A table-level DENY does not take precedence over a column-level GRANT. This inconsistency in the permissions hierarchy has been preserved for backward compatibility. It will be removed in a future release.

The sp_helprotect system stored procedure reports permissions on a database-level securable

The REVOKE statement will fail if CASCADE is not specified when you are revoking a permission from a principal that was granted that permission with GRANT OPTION specified.

Principals with CONTROL permission on a securable can revoke permission on that securable. Object owners can revoke permissions on the objects they own.

Grantees of CONTROL SERVER permission, such as members of the sysadmin fixed server role, can revoke any permission on any securable in the server. Grantees of CONTROL permission on a database, such as members of the db_owner fixed database role, can revoke any permission on any securable in the database. Grantees of CONTROL permission on a schema can revoke any permission on any object within the schema.

The following table lists the securables and the topics that describe the securable-specific syntax.

SecurableTopic
Application RoleREVOKE Database Principal Permissions (Transact-SQL)
AssemblyREVOKE Assembly Permissions (Transact-SQL)
Asymmetric KeyREVOKE Asymmetric Key Permissions (Transact-SQL)
Availability GroupREVOKE Availability Group Permissions (Transact-SQL)
CertificateREVOKE Certificate Permissions (Transact-SQL)
ContractREVOKE Service Broker Permissions (Transact-SQL)
DatabaseREVOKE Database Permissions (Transact-SQL)
EndpointREVOKE Endpoint Permissions (Transact-SQL)
Database Scoped CredentialREVOKE Database Scoped Credential (Transact-SQL)
Full-text CatalogREVOKE Full-Text Permissions (Transact-SQL)
Full-Text StoplistREVOKE Full-Text Permissions (Transact-SQL)
FunctionREVOKE Object Permissions (Transact-SQL)
LoginREVOKE Server Principal Permissions (Transact-SQL)
Message TypeREVOKE Service Broker Permissions (Transact-SQL)
ObjectREVOKE Object Permissions (Transact-SQL)
QueueREVOKE Object Permissions (Transact-SQL)
Remote Service BindingREVOKE Service Broker Permissions (Transact-SQL)
RoleREVOKE Database Principal Permissions (Transact-SQL)
RouteREVOKE Service Broker Permissions (Transact-SQL)
SchemaREVOKE Schema Permissions (Transact-SQL)
Search Property ListREVOKE Search Property List Permissions (Transact-SQL)
ServerREVOKE Server Permissions (Transact-SQL)
ServiceREVOKE Service Broker Permissions (Transact-SQL)
Stored ProcedureREVOKE Object Permissions (Transact-SQL)
Symmetric KeyREVOKE Symmetric Key Permissions (Transact-SQL)
SynonymREVOKE Object Permissions (Transact-SQL)
System ObjectsREVOKE System Object Permissions (Transact-SQL)
TableREVOKE Object Permissions (Transact-SQL)
TypeREVOKE Type Permissions (Transact-SQL)
UserREVOKE Database Principal Permissions (Transact-SQL)
ViewREVOKE Object Permissions (Transact-SQL)
XML Schema CollectionREVOKE XML Schema Collection Permissions (Transact-SQL)

Permissions Hierarchy (Database Engine)
DENY (Transact-SQL)
GRANT (Transact-SQL)
sp_addlogin (Transact-SQL)
sp_adduser (Transact-SQL)
sp_changedbowner (Transact-SQL)
sp_dropuser (Transact-SQL)
sp_helprotect (Transact-SQL)
sp_helpuser (Transact-SQL)

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