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SPACE (Transact-SQL)

Applies To: SQL Server 2014, SQL Server 2016 Preview

Topic Status: Some information in this topic is preview and subject to change in future releases. Preview information describes new features or changes to existing features in Microsoft SQL Server 2016 Community Technology Preview 2 (CTP2).

Returns a string of repeated spaces.

Applies to: SQL Server (SQL Server 2008 through current version), Azure SQL Database, Azure SQL Data Warehouse Public Preview.

Topic link icon Transact-SQL Syntax Conventions

SPACE ( integer_expression )


Is a positive integer that indicates the number of spaces. If integer_expression is negative, a null string is returned.

For more information, see Expressions (Transact-SQL)

To include spaces in Unicode data, or to return more than 8000 character spaces, use REPLICATE instead of SPACE.

The following example trims the last names and concatenates a comma, two spaces, and the first names of people listed in the Person table in AdventureWorks2012.

USE AdventureWorks2012;
SELECT RTRIM(LastName) + ',' + SPACE(2) +  LTRIM(FirstName)
FROM Person.Person
ORDER BY LastName, FirstName;
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