Configure the query governor cost limit Server Configuration Option
Applies To: SQL Server 2016
This topic describes how to configure the query governor cost limit server configuration option in SQL Server 2016 by using SQL Server Management Studio or Transact-SQL. The query governor cost limit option specifies an upper limit on the time period in which a query can run. Query cost refers to the estimated elapsed time, in seconds, that is required to complete a query on a specific hardware configuration. The default value for this option is 0, which sets the query governor to off. This allows all queries to run without any time limitation. If you specify a nonzero, nonnegative value, the query governor disallows execution of any query that has an estimated cost that exceeds that value.
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Before you begin:
To configure the query governor cost limit option, using:
This option is an advanced option and should be changed only by an experienced database administrator or certified SQL Server technician.
To change the value query governor cost limit on a per-connection basis, use the SET QUERY_GOVERNOR_COST_LIMIT statement.
Execute permissions on sp_configure with no parameters or with only the first parameter are granted to all users by default. To execute sp_configure with both parameters to change a configuration option or to run the RECONFIGURE statement, a user must be granted the ALTER SETTINGS server-level permission. The ALTER SETTINGS permission is implicitly held by the sysadmin and serveradmin fixed server roles.
In Object Explorer, right-click a server and select Properties.
Click the Connections page.
Select or clear the Use query governor to prevent long-running queries check box.
If you select this check box, in the box below, enter a positive value, which the query governor uses to disallow execution of any query with a running length exceeding that value.
Connect to the Database Engine.
From the Standard bar, click New Query.
Copy and paste the following example into the query window and click Execute. This example shows how to use sp_configure to set the value of the
query governor cost limitoption to
USE AdventureWorks2012 ; GO EXEC sp_configure 'show advanced options', 1; GO RECONFIGURE ; GO EXEC sp_configure 'query governor cost limit', 120 ; GO RECONFIGURE; GO
For more information, see Server Configuration Options (SQL Server).
The setting takes effect immediately without restarting the server.