Updated: March 16, 2017
Returns information about all queries that have requested and are waiting for a memory grant or have been given a memory grant. Queries that do not require a memory grant will not appear in this view. For example, sort and hash join operations have memory grants for query execution, while queries without an ORDER BY clause will not have a memory grant.
In Azure SQL Database, dynamic management views cannot expose information that would impact database containment or expose information about other databases the user has access to. To avoid exposing this information, every row that contains data that doesn’t belong to the connected tenant is filtered out. In addition, the values in the columns scheduler_id, wait_order, pool_id, group_id are filtered; the column value is set to NULL.
|Column name||Data type||Description|
|session_id||smallint||ID (SPID) of the session where this query is running.|
|request_id||int||ID of the request. Unique in the context of the session.|
|scheduler_id||int||ID of the scheduler that is scheduling this query.|
|dop||smallint||Degree of parallelism of this query.|
|request_time||datetime||Date and time when this query requested the memory grant.|
|grant_time||datetime||Date and time when memory was granted for this query. NULL if memory is not granted yet.|
|requested_memory_kb||bigint||Total requested amount of memory in kilobytes.|
|granted_memory_kb||bigint||Total amount of memory actually granted in kilobytes. Can be NULL if the memory is not granted yet. For a typical situation, this value should be the same as requested_memory_kb. For index creation, the server may allow additional on-demand memory beyond initially granted memory.|
|required_memory_kb||bigint||Minimum memory required to run this query in kilobytes. requested_memory_kb is the same or larger than this amount.|
|used_memory_kb||bigint||Physical memory used at this moment in kilobytes.|
|max_used_memory_kb||bigint||Maximum physical memory used up to this moment in kilobytes.|
|query_cost||float||Estimated query cost.|
|timeout_sec||int||Time-out in seconds before this query gives up the memory grant request.|
|resource_semaphore_id||smallint||Non-unique ID of the resource semaphore on which this query is waiting.|
Note: This ID is unique in versions of SQL Server that are earlier than SQL Server 2008. This change can affect troubleshooting query execution. For more information, see the "Remarks" section later in this topic.
|queue_id||smallint||ID of waiting queue where this query waits for memory grants. NULL if the memory is already granted.|
|wait_order||int||Sequential order of waiting queries within the specified queue_id. This value can change for a given query if other queries get memory grants or time out. NULL if memory is already granted.|
|is_next_candidate||bit||Candidate for next memory grant.|
1 = Yes
0 = No
NULL = Memory is already granted.
|wait_time_ms||bigint||Wait time in milliseconds. NULL if the memory is already granted.|
|plan_handle||varbinary(64)||Identifier for this query plan. Use sys.dm_exec_query_plan to extract the actual XML plan.|
|sql_handle||varbinary(64)||Identifier for Transact-SQL text for this query. Use sys.dm_exec_sql_text to get the actual Transact-SQL text.|
|group_id||int||ID for the workload group where this query is running.|
|pool_id||int||ID of the resource pool that this workload group belongs to.|
|is_small||tinyint||When set to 1, indicates that this grant uses the small resource semaphore. When set to 0, indicates that a regular semaphore is used.|
|ideal_memory_kb||bigint||Size, in kilobytes (KB), of the memory grant to fit everything into physical memory. This is based on the cardinality estimate.|
|pdw_node_id||int||Applies to: Azure SQL Data Warehouse, Parallel Data Warehouse|
The identifier for the node that this distribution is on.
On SQL Server, requires
VIEW SERVER STATE permission.
On SQL Database Premium Tiers, requires the
VIEW DATABASE STATE permission in the database. On SQL Database Standard and Basic Tiers, requires the Server admin or an Azure Active Directory admin account.
A typical debugging scenario for query time-out may look like the following:
Check for query-execution memory reservations in sys.dm_os_memory_clerks where
type = 'MEMORYCLERK_SQLQERESERVATIONS'.
Check for queries waiting for grants using sys.dm_exec_query_memory_grants.
--Find all queries waiting in the memory queue SELECT * FROM sys.dm_exec_query_memory_grants where grant_time is null
-- retrieve every query plan from the plan cache USE master; GO SELECT * FROM sys.dm_exec_cached_plans cp CROSS APPLY sys.dm_exec_query_plan(cp.plan_handle); GO
Further examine memory-intensive queries using sys.dm_exec_requests.
--Find top 5 queries by average CPU time SELECT TOP 5 total_worker_time/execution_count AS [Avg CPU Time], Plan_handle, query_plan FROM sys.dm_exec_query_stats AS qs CROSS APPLY sys.dm_exec_query_plan(qs.plan_handle) ORDER BY total_worker_time/execution_count DESC; GO
Queries that use dynamic management views that include ORDER BY or aggregates may increase memory consumption and thus contribute to the problem they are troubleshooting.
The Resource Governor feature enables a database administrator to distribute server resources among resource pools, up to a maximum of 64 pools. Beginning with SQL Server 2008, each pool behaves like a small independent server instance and requires 2 semaphores. The number of rows that are returned from sys.dm_exec_query_resource_semaphores can be up to 20 times more than the rows that are returned in SQL Server 2005.