Multi-Geo Capabilities in OneDrive and SharePoint Online in Office 365


Applies to: Office 365, OneDrive for Business

Topic Last Modified: 2018-01-24

With multi-geo capabilities in OneDrive and SharePoint Online, your organization can expand its Office 365 presence to multiple geographic regions and/or countries within your existing tenant. This feature is currently in preview. Reach out to your Microsoft Account Team to sign up your Multi-National Company for the OneDrive Multi-Geo preview.

With OneDrive Multi-Geo, you can provision and store data-at-rest in the geo locations that you’ve chosen to meet data residency requirements, and at the same time unlock your global roll out of modern productivity experiences to your workforce.

Here’s how multi-geo features can benefit your organization:

  • Operate as one global connected organization with a single Office 365 tenant spanning multiple geo locations.

  • Meet data residency requirements by creating and hosting data-at-rest within a specified geo location.

  • Empower your satellite users with the same modern productivity experiences enjoyed by your central location users.

  • Enable your users to move across geo locations as their role changes, while access to their content is kept intact.

  • Tailor your sharing policies per geo location and data loss prevention policies per site.

  • Designate eDiscovery managers per geo location and allow governing cases tailored to your geo location.

  • Choose unique URL namespaces (for example, for your additional geo locations.

  • Consolidate your regional on-premises data into your Office 365 multi-geo tenant.

For more information, and to see a demonstration, see Introducing Multi-Geo capabilities in Office 365 and how to configure them and the Multi-Geo overview poster.

In a multi-geo configuration, your Office 365 tenant consists of a central location (also known as a default location) and one or more satellite geo locations. The key concept of multi-geo is that a single tenancy will span across one multiple geo locations. In a multi-geo tenant, the information about geo locations, groups, and user information, is mastered in Azure Active Directory (AAD). Because your tenant information is mastered centrally and synchronized into each geo location, sharing and experiences involving anyone from your company contain global awareness.

By using a multi-geo tenant, Contoso, with a central location of North America, can expand to satellite geo locations in Europe, and Australia under the single organization umbrella of Users with their preferred data location set to Europe will have their OneDrive in Europe while users with their preferred data location in North America will have their OneDrive in the US.

Map of the world, showing geo locations for Contoso and other available geo locations

Configuring multi-geo is easy:

  1. Enable your Office 365 tenant for multi-geo.

  2. Add your satellite locations.

  3. Configure your user accounts for the appropriate location.

OneDrive Multi-Geo is currently offered in these regions and countries:

  • Asia-Pacific

  • Australia

  • Canada

  • European Union (EMEA)

  • India

  • Japan

  • United Kingdom

  • United States (North America)

  • South Korea

India and South Korea are currently only available for customers with licenses and billing addresses in those geo locations.

Upcoming geo locations:

  • France

Available services:

  • Exchange Online - in preview

  • OneDrive for Business - in preview

  • SharePoint Online - in development