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DataTable.ReadXmlSchema Method (XmlReader)

 

Reads an XML schema into the DataTable using the specified XmlReader.

Namespace:   System.Data
Assembly:  System.Data (in System.Data.dll)

public void ReadXmlSchema(
	XmlReader reader
)

Parameters

reader
Type: System.Xml.XmlReader

The XmlReader used to read the schema information.

Use the ReadXmlSchema method to create the schema for a DataTable. The schema includes table, relation, and constraint definitions.

To write a schema to an XML document, use the WriteXmlSchema method.

The XML schema is interpreted according to the XSD standard.

Data corruption can occur if the msdata:DataType and the xs:type types do not match. No exception will be thrown.

The ReadXmlSchema method is generally invoked before invoking the ReadXml method which is used to fill the DataTable.

System_CAPS_noteNote

The way to create a nested relation using XML schema is to have implicit nested elements. Additionally, the nested relation could be re-wired, to use explicit column names. It is mandatory for elements to be implicitly nested for the corresponding DataTables to participate in a nested relation.

The following console application creates a new DataTable, and writes the schema for that table to a MemoryStream. Then, the example creates a new DataTable and reads its schema from the saved XML schema, using a XmlTextReader (which inherits from XmlReader) as its source.

private static void DemonstrateReadWriteXMLSchemaWithReader()
{
    DataTable table = CreateTestTable("XmlDemo");
    PrintSchema(table, "Original table");

    // Write the schema to XML in a memory stream.
    System.IO.MemoryStream xmlStream = 
        new System.IO.MemoryStream();
    table.WriteXmlSchema(xmlStream);

    // Rewind the memory stream.
    xmlStream.Position = 0;

    DataTable newTable = new DataTable();
    System.Xml.XmlTextReader reader = 
        new System.Xml.XmlTextReader(xmlStream);
    newTable.ReadXmlSchema(reader);

    // Print out values in the table.
    PrintSchema(newTable, "New table");
}

private static DataTable CreateTestTable(string tableName)
{
    // Create a test DataTable with two columns and a few rows.
    DataTable table = new DataTable(tableName);
    DataColumn column = new DataColumn("id", typeof(System.Int32));
    column.AutoIncrement = true;
    table.Columns.Add(column);

    column = new DataColumn("item", typeof(System.String));
    table.Columns.Add(column);

    // Add ten rows.
    DataRow row;
    for (int i = 0; i <= 9; i++)
    {
        row = table.NewRow();
        row["item"] = "item " + i;
        table.Rows.Add(row);
    }

    table.AcceptChanges();
    return table;
}

private static void PrintSchema(DataTable table, string label)
{
    // Display the schema of the supplied DataTable:
    Console.WriteLine(label);
    foreach (DataColumn column in table.Columns)
    {
        Console.WriteLine("\t{0}: {1}", column.ColumnName, 
            column.DataType.Name);
    }
    Console.WriteLine();
}

.NET Framework
Available since 2.0
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