Export (0) Print
Expand All

XmlDocument Class

Represents an XML document.

You can use this class to load, validate, edit, add, and position XML in a document. For examples, see the Remarks section on this page.

Namespace:  System.Xml
Assembly:  System.Xml (in System.Xml.dll)

public class XmlDocument : XmlNode

The XmlDocument type exposes the following members.

  NameDescription
Public methodSupported by the XNA FrameworkXmlDocument()Initializes a new instance of the XmlDocument class.
Protected methodSupported by the XNA FrameworkXmlDocument(XmlImplementation)Initializes a new instance of the XmlDocument class with the specified XmlImplementation.
Public methodSupported by the XNA FrameworkXmlDocument(XmlNameTable)Initializes a new instance of the XmlDocument class with the specified XmlNameTable.
Top

  NameDescription
Public propertySupported by the XNA FrameworkAttributesGets an XmlAttributeCollection containing the attributes of this node. (Inherited from XmlNode.)
Public propertySupported by the XNA FrameworkBaseURIGets the base URI of the current node. (Overrides XmlNode.BaseURI.)
Public propertySupported by the XNA FrameworkChildNodesGets all the child nodes of the node. (Inherited from XmlNode.)
Public propertySupported by the XNA FrameworkDocumentElementGets the root XmlElement for the document.
Public propertyDocumentTypeGets the node containing the DOCTYPE declaration.
Public propertySupported by the XNA FrameworkFirstChildGets the first child of the node. (Inherited from XmlNode.)
Public propertySupported by the XNA FrameworkHasChildNodesGets a value indicating whether this node has any child nodes. (Inherited from XmlNode.)
Public propertySupported by the XNA FrameworkImplementationGets the XmlImplementation object for the current document.
Public propertySupported by the XNA FrameworkInnerTextThrows an InvalidOperationException in all cases. (Overrides XmlNode.InnerText.)

In XNA Framework 3.0, this member is inherited from XmlNode.InnerText.
Public propertySupported by the XNA FrameworkInnerXmlGets or sets the markup representing the children of the current node. (Overrides XmlNode.InnerXml.)
Public propertySupported by the XNA FrameworkIsReadOnlyGets a value indicating whether the current node is read-only. (Overrides XmlNode.IsReadOnly.)
Public propertySupported by the XNA FrameworkItem[String]Gets the first child element with the specified Name. (Inherited from XmlNode.)
Public propertySupported by the XNA FrameworkItem[String, String]Gets the first child element with the specified LocalName and NamespaceURI. (Inherited from XmlNode.)
Public propertySupported by the XNA FrameworkLastChildGets the last child of the node. (Inherited from XmlNode.)
Public propertySupported by the XNA FrameworkLocalNameGets the local name of the node. (Overrides XmlNode.LocalName.)
Public propertySupported by the XNA FrameworkNameGets the qualified name of the node. (Overrides XmlNode.Name.)
Public propertySupported by the XNA FrameworkNamespaceURIGets the namespace URI of this node. (Inherited from XmlNode.)
Public propertySupported by the XNA FrameworkNameTableGets the XmlNameTable associated with this implementation.
Public propertySupported by the XNA FrameworkNextSiblingGets the node immediately following this node. (Inherited from XmlNode.)
Public propertySupported by the XNA FrameworkNodeTypeGets the type of the current node. (Overrides XmlNode.NodeType.)
Public propertySupported by the XNA FrameworkOuterXmlGets the markup containing this node and all its child nodes. (Inherited from XmlNode.)
Public propertySupported by the XNA FrameworkOwnerDocumentGets the XmlDocument to which the current node belongs. (Overrides XmlNode.OwnerDocument.)
Public propertySupported by the XNA FrameworkParentNodeGets the parent node of this node (for nodes that can have parents). (Overrides XmlNode.ParentNode.)
Public propertySupported by the XNA FrameworkPrefixGets or sets the namespace prefix of this node. (Inherited from XmlNode.)
Public propertySupported by the XNA FrameworkPreserveWhitespaceGets or sets a value indicating whether to preserve white space in element content.
Public propertySupported by the XNA FrameworkPreviousSiblingGets the node immediately preceding this node. (Inherited from XmlNode.)
Public propertyPreviousTextGets the text node that immediately precedes this node. (Inherited from XmlNode.)
Public propertySupported by the XNA FrameworkSchemaInfoReturns the Post-Schema-Validation-Infoset (PSVI) of the node. (Overrides XmlNode.SchemaInfo.)
Public propertySupported by the XNA FrameworkSchemasGets or sets the XmlSchemaSet object associated with this XmlDocument.
Public propertySupported by the XNA FrameworkValueGets or sets the value of the node. (Inherited from XmlNode.)
Public propertySupported by the XNA FrameworkXmlResolverSets the XmlResolver to use for resolving external resources.
Top

  NameDescription
Public methodSupported by the XNA FrameworkAppendChildAdds the specified node to the end of the list of child nodes, of this node. (Inherited from XmlNode.)
Public methodSupported by the XNA FrameworkCloneCreates a duplicate of this node. (Inherited from XmlNode.)
Public methodSupported by the XNA FrameworkCloneNodeCreates a duplicate of this node. (Overrides XmlNode.CloneNode(Boolean).)
Public methodSupported by the XNA FrameworkCreateAttribute(String)Creates an XmlAttribute with the specified Name.
Public methodSupported by the XNA FrameworkCreateAttribute(String, String)Creates an XmlAttribute with the specified qualified name and NamespaceURI.
Public methodSupported by the XNA FrameworkCreateAttribute(String, String, String)Creates an XmlAttribute with the specified Prefix, LocalName, and NamespaceURI.
Public methodSupported by the XNA FrameworkCreateCDataSectionCreates an XmlCDataSection containing the specified data.
Public methodSupported by the XNA FrameworkCreateCommentCreates an XmlComment containing the specified data.
Protected methodSupported by the XNA FrameworkCreateDefaultAttributeCreates a default attribute with the specified prefix, local name and namespace URI.
Public methodSupported by the XNA FrameworkCreateDocumentFragmentCreates an XmlDocumentFragment.
Public methodCreateDocumentTypeReturns a new XmlDocumentType object.
Public methodSupported by the XNA FrameworkCreateElement(String)Creates an element with the specified name.
Public methodSupported by the XNA FrameworkCreateElement(String, String)Creates an XmlElement with the qualified name and NamespaceURI.
Public methodSupported by the XNA FrameworkCreateElement(String, String, String)Creates an element with the specified Prefix, LocalName, and NamespaceURI.
Public methodSupported by the XNA FrameworkCreateEntityReferenceCreates an XmlEntityReference with the specified name.
Public methodCreateNavigator()Creates a new XPathNavigator object for navigating this document. (Overrides XmlNode.CreateNavigator().)
Protected methodCreateNavigator(XmlNode)Creates an XPathNavigator object for navigating this document positioned on the XmlNode specified.
Public methodSupported by the XNA FrameworkCreateNode(String, String, String)Creates an XmlNode with the specified node type, Name, and NamespaceURI.
Public methodSupported by the XNA FrameworkCreateNode(XmlNodeType, String, String)Creates an XmlNode with the specified XmlNodeType, Name, and NamespaceURI.
Public methodSupported by the XNA FrameworkCreateNode(XmlNodeType, String, String, String)Creates a XmlNode with the specified XmlNodeType, Prefix, Name, and NamespaceURI.
Public methodSupported by the XNA FrameworkCreateProcessingInstructionCreates an XmlProcessingInstruction with the specified name and data.
Public methodSupported by the XNA FrameworkCreateSignificantWhitespaceCreates an XmlSignificantWhitespace node.
Public methodSupported by the XNA FrameworkCreateTextNodeCreates an XmlText with the specified text.
Public methodSupported by the XNA FrameworkCreateWhitespaceCreates an XmlWhitespace node.
Public methodSupported by the XNA FrameworkCreateXmlDeclarationCreates an XmlDeclaration node with the specified values.
Public methodSupported by the XNA FrameworkEquals(Object)Determines whether the specified object is equal to the current object. (Inherited from Object.)
Protected methodSupported by the XNA FrameworkFinalizeAllows an object to try to free resources and perform other cleanup operations before it is reclaimed by garbage collection. (Inherited from Object.)
Public methodGetElementByIdGets the XmlElement with the specified ID.
Public methodSupported by the XNA FrameworkGetElementsByTagName(String)Returns an XmlNodeList containing a list of all descendant elements that match the specified Name.
Public methodSupported by the XNA FrameworkGetElementsByTagName(String, String)Returns an XmlNodeList containing a list of all descendant elements that match the specified LocalName and NamespaceURI.
Public methodSupported by the XNA FrameworkGetEnumeratorGet an enumerator that iterates through the child nodes in the current node. (Inherited from XmlNode.)
Public methodSupported by the XNA FrameworkGetHashCodeServes as the default hash function. (Inherited from Object.)
Public methodSupported by the XNA FrameworkGetNamespaceOfPrefixLooks up the closest xmlns declaration for the given prefix that is in scope for the current node and returns the namespace URI in the declaration. (Inherited from XmlNode.)
Public methodSupported by the XNA FrameworkGetPrefixOfNamespaceLooks up the closest xmlns declaration for the given namespace URI that is in scope for the current node and returns the prefix defined in that declaration. (Inherited from XmlNode.)
Public methodSupported by the XNA FrameworkGetTypeGets the Type of the current instance. (Inherited from Object.)
Public methodSupported by the XNA FrameworkImportNodeImports a node from another document to the current document.
Public methodSupported by the XNA FrameworkInsertAfterInserts the specified node immediately after the specified reference node. (Inherited from XmlNode.)
Public methodSupported by the XNA FrameworkInsertBeforeInserts the specified node immediately before the specified reference node. (Inherited from XmlNode.)
Public methodSupported by the XNA FrameworkLoad(Stream)Loads the XML document from the specified stream.
Public methodSupported by the XNA FrameworkLoad(String)Loads the XML document from the specified URL.
Public methodSupported by the XNA FrameworkLoad(TextReader)Loads the XML document from the specified TextReader.
Public methodSupported by the XNA FrameworkLoad(XmlReader)Loads the XML document from the specified XmlReader.
Public methodSupported by the XNA FrameworkLoadXmlLoads the XML document from the specified string.
Protected methodSupported by the XNA FrameworkMemberwiseCloneCreates a shallow copy of the current Object. (Inherited from Object.)
Public methodSupported by the XNA FrameworkNormalizePuts all XmlText nodes in the full depth of the sub-tree underneath this XmlNode into a "normal" form where only markup (that is, tags, comments, processing instructions, CDATA sections, and entity references) separates XmlText nodes, that is, there are no adjacent XmlText nodes. (Inherited from XmlNode.)
Public methodSupported by the XNA FrameworkPrependChildAdds the specified node to the beginning of the list of child nodes for this node. (Inherited from XmlNode.)
Public methodSupported by the XNA FrameworkReadNodeCreates an XmlNode object based on the information in the XmlReader. The reader must be positioned on a node or attribute.
Public methodSupported by the XNA FrameworkRemoveAllRemoves all the child nodes and/or attributes of the current node. (Inherited from XmlNode.)
Public methodSupported by the XNA FrameworkRemoveChildRemoves specified child node. (Inherited from XmlNode.)
Public methodSupported by the XNA FrameworkReplaceChildReplaces the child node oldChild with newChild node. (Inherited from XmlNode.)
Public methodSupported by the XNA FrameworkSave(Stream)Saves the XML document to the specified stream.
Public methodSupported by the XNA FrameworkSave(String)Saves the XML document to the specified file. If the specified file exists, this method overwrites it.
Public methodSupported by the XNA FrameworkSave(TextWriter)Saves the XML document to the specified TextWriter.
Public methodSupported by the XNA FrameworkSave(XmlWriter)Saves the XML document to the specified XmlWriter.
Public methodSupported by the XNA FrameworkSelectNodes(String)Selects a list of nodes matching the XPath expression. (Inherited from XmlNode.)
Public methodSupported by the XNA FrameworkSelectNodes(String, XmlNamespaceManager)Selects a list of nodes matching the XPath expression. Any prefixes found in the XPath expression are resolved using the supplied XmlNamespaceManager. (Inherited from XmlNode.)
Public methodSupported by the XNA FrameworkSelectSingleNode(String)Selects the first XmlNode that matches the XPath expression. (Inherited from XmlNode.)
Public methodSupported by the XNA FrameworkSelectSingleNode(String, XmlNamespaceManager)Selects the first XmlNode that matches the XPath expression. Any prefixes found in the XPath expression are resolved using the supplied XmlNamespaceManager. (Inherited from XmlNode.)
Public methodSupported by the XNA FrameworkSupportsTests if the DOM implementation implements a specific feature. (Inherited from XmlNode.)
Public methodSupported by the XNA FrameworkToStringReturns a string that represents the current object. (Inherited from Object.)
Public methodSupported by the XNA FrameworkValidate(ValidationEventHandler)Validates the XmlDocument against the XML Schema Definition Language (XSD) schemas contained in the Schemas property.
Public methodSupported by the XNA FrameworkValidate(ValidationEventHandler, XmlNode)Validates the XmlNode object specified against the XML Schema Definition Language (XSD) schemas in the Schemas property.
Public methodSupported by the XNA FrameworkWriteContentToSaves all the children of the XmlDocument node to the specified XmlWriter. (Overrides XmlNode.WriteContentTo(XmlWriter).)
Public methodSupported by the XNA FrameworkWriteToSaves the XmlDocument node to the specified XmlWriter. (Overrides XmlNode.WriteTo(XmlWriter).)
Top

  NameDescription
Public eventSupported by the XNA FrameworkNodeChangedOccurs when the Value of a node belonging to this document has been changed.
Public eventSupported by the XNA FrameworkNodeChangingOccurs when the Value of a node belonging to this document is about to be changed.
Public eventSupported by the XNA FrameworkNodeInsertedOccurs when a node belonging to this document has been inserted into another node.
Public eventSupported by the XNA FrameworkNodeInsertingOccurs when a node belonging to this document is about to be inserted into another node.
Public eventSupported by the XNA FrameworkNodeRemovedOccurs when a node belonging to this document has been removed from its parent.
Public eventSupported by the XNA FrameworkNodeRemovingOccurs when a node belonging to this document is about to be removed from the document.
Top

  NameDescription
Explicit interface implemetationPrivate methodSupported by the XNA FrameworkICloneable.CloneFor a description of this member, see XmlNode.Clone. (Inherited from XmlNode.)
Explicit interface implemetationPrivate methodSupported by the XNA FrameworkIEnumerable.GetEnumeratorFor a description of this member, see XmlNode.GetEnumerator. (Inherited from XmlNode.)
Top

The XmlDocument class is an in-memory representation of an XML document. It implements the W3C Document Object Model (DOM) Level 1 Core and the Core DOM Level 2.

DOM stands for document object model. To read more about it, see XML Document Object Model (DOM).

You can load XML into the DOM by using the XmlDocument class, and then programatically read, modify, and remove XML in the document.

If you want to pry open the XmlDocument class and see how it’s implemented, see the Reference Source.

Tasks

Load XML into the document object model

Start with an XML document like this one. It’s just a few books in a collection. But it does contain the basic things that you’d find in any XML document; a namespace, elements that represent data and attributes that describe the data.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<books xmlns="http://www.contoso.com/books">
  <book genre="novel" ISBN="1-861001-57-8" publicationdate="1823-01-28">
    <title>Pride And Prejudice</title>
    <price>24.95</price>
  </book>
  <book genre="novel" ISBN="1-861002-30-1" publicationdate="1985-01-01">
    <title>The Handmaid's Tale</title>
    <price>29.95</price>
  </book>
  <book genre="novel" ISBN="1-861001-45-3" publicationdate="1811-01-01">
    <title>Sense and Sensibility</title>
    <price>19.95</price>
  </book>
</books>

Next, load this data into the DOM so that you can work with it in memory. The most popular way to do this is refer to a file on your local computer or on a network.

This example loads XML from a file. If the file doesn’t exist, it just generates some XML and loads that.

XmlDocument doc = new XmlDocument();
doc.PreserveWhitespace = true;
try { doc.Load("booksData.xml"); }
catch (System.IO.FileNotFoundException)
{
    doc.LoadXml("<?xml version=\"1.0\"?> \n" +
    "<books xmlns=\"http://www.contoso.com/books\"> \n" +
    "  <book genre=\"novel\" ISBN=\"1-861001-57-8\" publicationdate=\"1823-01-28\"> \n" +
    "    <title>Pride And Prejudice</title> \n" +
    "    <price>24.95</price> \n" +
    "  </book> \n" +
    "  <book genre=\"novel\" ISBN=\"1-861002-30-1\" publicationdate=\"1985-01-01\"> \n" +
    "    <title>The Handmaid's Tale</title> \n" +
    "    <price>29.95</price> \n" +
    "  </book> \n" +
    "</books>");             
}

Complete sample: Manipulate XML in-Memory by using the XmlDocument class and other related types

Learn more: Reading an XML Document into the DOM

Validate it against a schema

Start with an XML schema like this one. This schema defines the data types in the XML and which attributes are required.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<xs:schema xmlns:xs="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema"
  attributeFormDefault="unqualified" 
  elementFormDefault="qualified"
  targetNamespace="http://www.contoso.com/books"> 
  <xs:element name="books">
    <xs:complexType>
      <xs:sequence>
        <xs:element maxOccurs="unbounded" name="book">
          <xs:complexType>
            <xs:sequence>
              <xs:element name="title" type="xs:string" />
              <xs:element name="price" type="xs:decimal" />
            </xs:sequence>
            <xs:attribute name="genre" type="xs:string" use="required" />
            <xs:attribute name="ISBN" type="xs:string" use="required" />
            <xs:attribute name="publicationdate" type="xs:date" use="required" />
          </xs:complexType>
        </xs:element>
      </xs:sequence>
    </xs:complexType>
  </xs:element>
</xs:schema>

Create an XmlReader object by using your schema, and then load that object into the DOM. Create an event handler that executes when code attempts to modify your XML file in ways that violate the rules of the schema.

These blocks of code show helper methods that do all of this.


//************************************************************************************ 
// 
//  Associate the schema with XML. Then, load the XML and validate it against 
//  the schema. 
// 
//************************************************************************************ 
public XmlDocument LoadDocumentWithSchemaValidation(bool generateXML, bool generateSchema)
{
    XmlReader reader;

    XmlReaderSettings settings = new XmlReaderSettings();

    // Helper method to retrieve schema.
    XmlSchema schema = getSchema(generateSchema);

    if (schema == null)
    {
        return null;
    }

    settings.Schemas.Add(schema);

    settings.ValidationEventHandler += settings_ValidationEventHandler;
    settings.ValidationFlags =
        settings.ValidationFlags | XmlSchemaValidationFlags.ReportValidationWarnings;
    settings.ValidationType = ValidationType.Schema;

    try
    {
        reader = XmlReader.Create("booksData.xml", settings);
    }
    catch (System.IO.FileNotFoundException)
    {
        if (generateXML)
        {
            string xml = generateXMLString();
            byte[] byteArray = Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes(xml);
            MemoryStream stream = new MemoryStream(byteArray);
            reader = XmlReader.Create(stream, settings);
        }
        else
        {
            return null;
        }

    }

    XmlDocument doc = new XmlDocument();
    doc.PreserveWhitespace = true;
    doc.Load(reader);
    reader.Close();

    return doc;
}

//************************************************************************************ 
// 
//  Helper method that generates an XML Schema. 
// 
//************************************************************************************ 
private string generateXMLSchema()
{
    string xmlSchema =
        "<?xml version=\"1.0\" encoding=\"utf-8\"?> " +
        "<xs:schema attributeFormDefault=\"unqualified\" " +
        "elementFormDefault=\"qualified\" targetNamespace=\"http://www.contoso.com/books\" " +
        "xmlns:xs=\"http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema\"> " +
        "<xs:element name=\"books\"> " +
        "<xs:complexType> " +
        "<xs:sequence> " +
        "<xs:element maxOccurs=\"unbounded\" name=\"book\"> " +
        "<xs:complexType> " +
        "<xs:sequence> " +
        "<xs:element name=\"title\" type=\"xs:string\" /> " +
        "<xs:element name=\"price\" type=\"xs:decimal\" /> " +
        "</xs:sequence> " +
        "<xs:attribute name=\"genre\" type=\"xs:string\" use=\"required\" /> " +
        "<xs:attribute name=\"publicationdate\" type=\"xs:date\" use=\"required\" /> " +
        "<xs:attribute name=\"ISBN\" type=\"xs:string\" use=\"required\" /> " +
        "</xs:complexType> " +
        "</xs:element> " +
        "</xs:sequence> " +
        "</xs:complexType> " +
        "</xs:element> " +
        "</xs:schema> ";
    return xmlSchema;
}

//************************************************************************************ 
// 
//  Helper method that gets a schema 
// 
//************************************************************************************ 
private XmlSchema getSchema(bool generateSchema)
{
    XmlSchemaSet xs = new XmlSchemaSet();
    XmlSchema schema;
    try
    {
        schema = xs.Add("http://www.contoso.com/books", "booksData.xsd");
    }
    catch (System.IO.FileNotFoundException)
    {
        if (generateSchema)
        {
            string xmlSchemaString = generateXMLSchema();
            byte[] byteArray = Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes(xmlSchemaString);
            MemoryStream stream = new MemoryStream(byteArray);
            XmlReader reader = XmlReader.Create(stream);
            schema = xs.Add("http://www.contoso.com/books", reader);
        }
        else
        {
            return null;
        }

    }
    return schema;
}

//************************************************************************************ 
// 
//  Helper method to validate the XML against the schema. 
// 
//************************************************************************************ 
private void validateXML(bool generateSchema, XmlDocument doc)
{
    if (doc.Schemas.Count == 0)
    {
        // Helper method to retrieve schema.
        XmlSchema schema = getSchema(generateSchema);
        doc.Schemas.Add(schema);
    }

    // Use an event handler to validate the XML node against the schema.
    doc.Validate(settings_ValidationEventHandler);

}

//************************************************************************************ 
// 
//  Event handler that is raised when XML doesn't validate against the schema. 
// 
//************************************************************************************ 
void settings_ValidationEventHandler(object sender,
    System.Xml.Schema.ValidationEventArgs e)
{
    if (e.Severity == XmlSeverityType.Warning)
    {
        System.Windows.Forms.MessageBox.Show
            ("The following validation warning occurred: " + e.Message);
    }
    else if (e.Severity == XmlSeverityType.Error)
    {
        System.Windows.Forms.MessageBox.Show
            ("The following critical validation errors occurred: " + e.Message);
        Type objectType = sender.GetType();
    }

}

Complete sample: Manipulate XML in-Memory by using the XmlDocument class and other related types

Learn more: Validating an XML Document in the DOM

Navigate the document tree

You can use properties to navigate around an XML document. But before you use any of them, let’s quickly review a few terms. Your document is composed of nodes. Each node has as single parent node directly above it. The only node that does not have a parent node is the document root, as it is the top-level node. Most nodes can have child nodes, which are nodes directly below them. Nodes that are at the same level are siblings.

The following examples, show you how to obtain the root node, jump to the first child node of the root node, access any of its child nodes, get back out to the parent node, and then navigate across sibling nodes.

Start with the root node

This example gets the root node and then uses that node to output the contents of the document to the console.

using System;
using System.IO;
using System.Xml;

public class Sample
{
  public static void Main()
  {
    //Create the XmlDocument.
    XmlDocument doc = new XmlDocument();
    doc.LoadXml("<?xml version='1.0' ?>" +
                "<book genre='novel' ISBN='1-861001-57-5'>" +
                "<title>Pride And Prejudice</title>" +
                "</book>");

    //Display the document element.
    Console.WriteLine(doc.DocumentElement.OuterXml);
 }
}

Get child nodes

This example jumps to the first child node of the root node and then iterates through the child nodes of that node if any exist.

using System;
using System.IO;
using System.Xml;

public class Sample {

  public static void Main() {

    XmlDocument doc = new XmlDocument();
    doc.LoadXml("<book ISBN='1-861001-57-5'>" +
                "<title>Pride And Prejudice</title>" +
                "<price>19.95</price>" +
                "</book>");

    XmlNode root = doc.FirstChild;

    //Display the contents of the child nodes. 
    if (root.HasChildNodes)
    {
      for (int i=0; i<root.ChildNodes.Count; i++)
      {
        Console.WriteLine(root.ChildNodes[i].InnerText);
      }
    }
  }
}

Get back to the parent node

Use the ParentNode property.

Jump to the last child node

This example gets to the price of a book which is the last child node of a book node.

using System;
using System.IO;
using System.Xml;

public class Sample {

  public static void Main() {

    XmlDocument doc = new XmlDocument();
    doc.LoadXml("<book ISBN='1-861001-57-5'>" +
                "<title>Pride And Prejudice</title>" +
                "<price>19.95</price>" +
                "</book>");

    XmlNode root = doc.FirstChild;

    Console.WriteLine("Display the price element...");
    Console.WriteLine(root.LastChild.OuterXml);
  }
}

Navigate forward across siblings

This example moves forward from book to book. Book nodes are siblings to one another.

using System;
using System.Xml;

public class Sample {

  public static void Main() {

      XmlDocument doc = new XmlDocument();
      doc.Load("books.xml");

      XmlNode currNode = doc.DocumentElement.FirstChild;
      Console.WriteLine("First book...");
      Console.WriteLine(currNode.OuterXml);

      XmlNode nextNode = currNode.NextSibling;
      Console.WriteLine("\r\nSecond book...");
      Console.WriteLine(nextNode.OuterXml); 

  }
}

Navigate backwards across siblings

This example moves backwards from book to book.

using System;
using System.Xml;

public class Sample {

  public static void Main() {

      XmlDocument doc = new XmlDocument();
      doc.Load("books.xml");

      XmlNode lastNode = doc.DocumentElement.LastChild;
      Console.WriteLine("Last book...");
      Console.WriteLine(lastNode.OuterXml);

      XmlNode prevNode = lastNode.PreviousSibling;
      Console.WriteLine("\r\nPrevious book...");
      Console.WriteLine(prevNode.OuterXml);  
  }
}

Find nodes

The most popular way to find one or more nodes of data is to use an XPath query string, but there are also methods that don’t require one.

Get a single node

This example locates a book by using the ISBN number.

public XmlNode GetBook(string uniqueAttribute, XmlDocument doc)
{
    XmlNamespaceManager nsmgr = new XmlNamespaceManager(doc.NameTable);
    nsmgr.AddNamespace("bk", "http://www.contoso.com/books");
    string xPathString = "//bk:books/bk:book[@ISBN='" + uniqueAttribute + "']";
    XmlNode xmlNode = doc.DocumentElement.SelectSingleNode(xPathString, nsmgr);
   return xmlNode;
}

The string used in this example is an Xpath query. You can find more examples of them here: XPath examples.

You can also use the GetElementById to retrieve nodes. To use this approach, you’ll have to define ID’s in the document type definition declarations of your XML file.

After you get a node, you get the value of attributes or child nodes. This example does that with a book node.

public void GetBookInformation(ref string title, ref string ISBN, ref string publicationDate,
    ref string price, ref string genre, XmlNode book)
{
    XmlElement bookElement = (XmlElement)book;

    // Get the attributes of a book.        
    XmlAttribute attr = bookElement.GetAttributeNode("ISBN");
    ISBN = attr.InnerXml;

    attr = bookElement.GetAttributeNode("genre");
    genre = attr.InnerXml;

    attr = bookElement.GetAttributeNode("publicationdate");
    publicationDate = attr.InnerXml;

    // Get the values of child elements of a book.
    title = bookElement["title"].InnerText;
    price = bookElement["price"].InnerText;
}

Get a collection of nodes

This example selects all books where the author's last name is Austen, and then changes the price of those books.

using System;
using System.IO;
using System.Xml;

public class Sample {

  public static void Main() {

    XmlDocument doc = new XmlDocument();
    doc.Load("booksort.xml");

    XmlNodeList nodeList;
    XmlNode root = doc.DocumentElement;

    nodeList=root.SelectNodes("descendant::book[author/last-name='Austen']");

    //Change the price on the books. 
    foreach (XmlNode book in nodeList)
    {
      book.LastChild.InnerText="15.95";
    }

    Console.WriteLine("Display the modified XML document....");
    doc.Save(Console.Out);

  }
}

You can also get a collection of nodes by using the name of the node. For example, this example gets a collection of all book titles.

using System;
using System.IO;
using System.Xml;

public class Sample
{
  public static void Main()
  {
    //Create the XmlDocument.
    XmlDocument doc = new XmlDocument();
    doc.Load("books.xml");

    //Display all the book titles.
    XmlNodeList elemList = doc.GetElementsByTagName("title");
    for (int i=0; i < elemList.Count; i++)
    {   
      Console.WriteLine(elemList[i].InnerXml);
    }  

  }
}

Complete sample: Manipulate XML in-Memory by using the XmlDocument class and other related types

Learn more: Select Nodes Using XPath Navigation

Edit nodes

This example edits a book node and its attributes.

public void editBook(string title, string ISBN, string publicationDate,
    string genre, string price, XmlNode book, bool validateNode, bool generateSchema)
{

    XmlElement bookElement = (XmlElement)book;

    // Get the attributes of a book.        
    bookElement.SetAttribute("ISBN", ISBN);
    bookElement.SetAttribute("genre", genre);
    bookElement.SetAttribute("publicationdate", publicationDate);

    // Get the values of child elements of a book.
    bookElement["title"].InnerText = title;
    bookElement["price"].InnerText = price;

    if (validateNode)
    {
        validateXML(generateSchema, bookElement.OwnerDocument);
    }
}

Learn more: Modifying Nodes, Content, and Values in an XML Document

Complete sample: Manipulate XML in-Memory by using the XmlDocument class and other related types

Add nodes

To add a node, use the CreateElement method or the CreateNode method.

To add a data node such as a book, use the CreateElement method.

For any other type of node such as a comment, whitespace node, or CDATA node, use the CreateNode method.

This example creates a book node, adds attrubutes to that node, and then adds that node to the document.

public XmlElement AddNewBook(string genre, string ISBN, string misc, 
    string title, string price, XmlDocument doc)
{
    // Create a new book element.
    XmlElement bookElement = doc.CreateElement("book", "http://www.contoso.com/books");

    // Create attributes for book and append them to the book element.
    XmlAttribute attribute = doc.CreateAttribute("genre");
    attribute.Value = genre;
    bookElement.Attributes.Append(attribute);

    attribute = doc.CreateAttribute("ISBN");
    attribute.Value = ISBN;
    bookElement.Attributes.Append(attribute);

    attribute = doc.CreateAttribute("publicationdate");
    attribute.Value = misc;
    bookElement.Attributes.Append(attribute);

    // Create and append a child element for the title of the book.
    XmlElement titleElement = doc.CreateElement("title");
    titleElement.InnerText = title;
    bookElement.AppendChild(titleElement);

    // Introduce a newline character so that XML is nicely formatted.
    bookElement.InnerXml = 
        bookElement.InnerXml.Replace(titleElement.OuterXml, 
        "\n    " + titleElement.OuterXml + " \n    ");

    // Create and append a child element for the price of the book.
    XmlElement priceElement = doc.CreateElement("price");
    priceElement.InnerText= price;
    bookElement.AppendChild(priceElement);

    // Introduce a newline character so that XML is nicely formatted.
    bookElement.InnerXml =
        bookElement.InnerXml.Replace(priceElement.OuterXml, priceElement.OuterXml + "   \n  ");

    return bookElement;

}

Complete sample: Manipulate XML in-Memory by using the XmlDocument class and other related types

Learn more: Inserting Nodes into an XML Document

Remove nodes

To remove a node, use the RemoveChild method.

This example removes a book from the document and any whitespace that appears just before the book node.

public void deleteBook(XmlNode book)
{
    XmlNode prevNode = book.PreviousSibling;

    book.OwnerDocument.DocumentElement.RemoveChild(book);


    if (prevNode.NodeType == XmlNodeType.Whitespace || 
        prevNode.NodeType == XmlNodeType.SignificantWhitespace)
    {
        prevNode.OwnerDocument.DocumentElement.RemoveChild(prevNode);
    }
}

Complete sample: Manipulate XML in-Memory by using the XmlDocument class and other related types

Learn more: Removing Nodes, Content, and Values from an XML Document

Position nodes

You can choose where you want a node to appear in your document by using the InsertBefore and InsertAfter methods.

This example shows two helper methods. One of them moves a node higher in a list. The other one moves a node lower.

These methods could be used in an application that enables users to move books up and down in a list of books. When a user chooses a book and presses an up or down button, your code could call methods like these to position the corresponding book node before or after other book nodes.

//************************************************************************************ 
// 
//  Summary: Move elements up in the XML. 
//   
// 
//************************************************************************************ 

public void MoveElementUp(XmlNode book)
{
    XmlNode previousNode = book.PreviousSibling;
    while (previousNode != null && (previousNode.NodeType != XmlNodeType.Element))
    {
        previousNode = previousNode.PreviousSibling;
    }
    if (previousNode != null)
    {
        XmlNode newLineNode = book.NextSibling;
        book.OwnerDocument.DocumentElement.RemoveChild(book);
        if (newLineNode.NodeType == XmlNodeType.Whitespace | 
            newLineNode.NodeType == XmlNodeType.SignificantWhitespace)
        {
            newLineNode.OwnerDocument.DocumentElement.RemoveChild(newLineNode);
        }
        InsertBookElement((XmlElement)book, Constants.positionAbove, 
            previousNode, false, false);
    }
}


//************************************************************************************ 
// 
//  Summary: Move elements down in the XML. 
//   
// 
//************************************************************************************ 
public void MoveElementDown(XmlNode book)
{
    // Walk backwards until we find an element - ignore text nodes
    XmlNode NextNode = book.NextSibling;
    while (NextNode != null && (NextNode.NodeType != XmlNodeType.Element))
    {
        NextNode = NextNode.NextSibling;
    }
    if (NextNode != null)
    {
        XmlNode newLineNode = book.PreviousSibling;
        book.OwnerDocument.DocumentElement.RemoveChild(book);
        if (newLineNode.NodeType == XmlNodeType.Whitespace |
            newLineNode.NodeType == XmlNodeType.SignificantWhitespace)
        {
            newLineNode.OwnerDocument.DocumentElement.RemoveChild(newLineNode);
        }

        InsertBookElement((XmlElement)book, Constants.positionBelow, 
            NextNode, false, false);
    }

}

Complete sample: Manipulate XML in-Memory by using the XmlDocument class and other related types

TopicLocation
How to: Load XML Data in the XML Web Server ControlBuilding ASP .NET Web Applications
How to: Load XML Data in the XML Web Server ControlBuilding ASP .NET Web Applications

.NET Framework

Supported in: 4.6, 4.5, 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0, 1.1

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4, 3.5 SP1

XNA Framework

Supported in: 3.0, 2.0, 1.0

Any public static (Shared in Visual Basic) members of this type are thread safe. Any instance members are not guaranteed to be thread safe.
Was this page helpful?
(1500 characters remaining)
Thank you for your feedback
Show:
© 2015 Microsoft