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Host Server Configurations

Host Server Configurations diagram

The diagram above is interactive. To learn more about a specific networking and access technology, click a linked area in the diagram. You can also learn more about one of the other two main networking areas: Enterprise Networking Scenarios and Cloud Networking Technologies, or get the overview of Networking Technologies.

From the small office to the enterprise, you can use Windows Server host server configurations to:

  • Manage Internet Protocol addressing
    Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) is an industry standard suite of protocols that is designed for large networks consisting of network segments that are connected by routers. In Windows Server, TCP/IP includes both Internet Protocol version 4 (IPv4) and IPv6. To provide automatic TCP/IP configuration for DHCP clients, you can install and configure the DHCP Server role.
  • Provide name resolution services
    You can provide IP address to computer name resolution with Domain Name System (DNS). DNS is the name resolution protocol for TCP/IP networks, such as the Internet. A DNS server hosts the information that enables DNS client computers to resolve memorable, alphanumeric DNS names to the IP addresses that computers use to communicate with each other.
  • Deploy secure network access
    Network Policy and Access Services includes Network Policy Server (NPS), Network Access Protection (NAP), Health Registration Authority (HRA), and Host Credential Authorization Protocol (HCAP). NPS is the Microsoft implementation of a Remote Authentication Dial-In User Service (RADIUS) server and proxy. You can use NPS to centrally manage network access through a variety of network access servers and devices, including 802.1X authenticating switches and wireless access points, VPN servers, and dial-up servers. In addition, NPS is configurable as a NAP policy server.
  • Manage traffic to and from your servers
    Windows Firewall with Advanced Security is a stateful, host-based firewall that blocks incoming and outgoing connections according to the rules that you configure. By providing host-based, two-way network traffic filtering for a computer, Windows Firewall with Advanced Security blocks unauthorized network traffic flowing into or out of the local computer.