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.NET Framework Class Library

String.Substring Method (Int32, Int32)

Retrieves a substring from this instance. The substring starts at a specified character position and has a specified length.

Namespace:  System
Assembly:  mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)
Public Function Substring ( _
	startIndex As Integer, _
	length As Integer _
) As String


Type: System.Int32

The zero-based starting character position of a substring in this instance.

Type: System.Int32

The number of characters in the substring.

Return Value

Type: System.String
A string that is equivalent to the substring of length length that begins at startIndex in this instance, or Empty if startIndex is equal to the length of this instance and length is zero.
Exception Condition

startIndex plus length indicates a position not within this instance.


startIndex or length is less than zero.

startIndex is zero-based.

Note Note

This method does not modify the value of the current instance. Instead, it returns a new string with length characters starting from the startIndex position in the current string.

The following example uses the Substring method in three cases to isolate substrings within a string. In two cases the substrings are used in comparisons, and in the third case an exception is thrown because invalid parameters are specified.

Public Class Sample
   Public Shared Sub Main()
      Dim myString As String = "abc" 
      Dim test1 As Boolean = myString.Substring(2, 1).Equals("c") ' This is true.
      Dim test2 As Boolean = String.IsNullOrEmpty(myString.Substring(3, 0)) ' This is true.
         Dim str3 As String = myString.Substring(3, 1) ' This throws ArgumentOutOfRangeException.
      Catch e As ArgumentOutOfRangeException
      End Try    
   End Sub 
End Class  
' The example displays the following output: 
'       True 
'       True 
'       Index and length must refer to a location within the string. 
'       Parameter name: length

.NET Framework

Supported in: 4.6, 4.5, 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0, 1.1

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4, 3.5 SP1

XNA Framework

Supported in: 3.0, 2.0, 1.0

Portable Class Library

Supported in: Portable Class Library

Supported in: Windows Phone 8.1

Supported in: Windows Phone Silverlight 8.1

Supported in: Windows Phone Silverlight 8