Search-ADAccount

Windows Server 2012 R2 and Windows 8.1

Actualizado: julio de 2015

Se aplica a: Windows 8.1, Windows PowerShell 4.0, Windows Server 2012 R2

Search-ADAccount

Gets Active Directory user, computer, or service accounts.

Sintaxis

Parameter Set: AccountDisabled
Search-ADAccount -AccountDisabled [-AuthType <ADAuthType> {Negotiate | Basic} ] [-ComputersOnly] [-Credential <PSCredential> ] [-ResultPageSize <Int32> ] [-ResultSetSize <Int32> ] [-SearchBase <String> ] [-SearchScope <ADSearchScope> {Base | OneLevel | Subtree} ] [-Server <String> ] [-UsersOnly] [ <CommonParameters>]

Parameter Set: AccountExpired
Search-ADAccount -AccountExpired [-AuthType <ADAuthType> {Negotiate | Basic} ] [-ComputersOnly] [-Credential <PSCredential> ] [-ResultPageSize <Int32> ] [-ResultSetSize <Int32> ] [-SearchBase <String> ] [-SearchScope <ADSearchScope> {Base | OneLevel | Subtree} ] [-Server <String> ] [-UsersOnly] [ <CommonParameters>]

Parameter Set: AccountExpiring
Search-ADAccount -AccountExpiring [-AuthType <ADAuthType> {Negotiate | Basic} ] [-ComputersOnly] [-Credential <PSCredential> ] [-DateTime <DateTime> ] [-ResultPageSize <Int32> ] [-ResultSetSize <Int32> ] [-SearchBase <String> ] [-SearchScope <ADSearchScope> {Base | OneLevel | Subtree} ] [-Server <String> ] [-TimeSpan <TimeSpan> ] [-UsersOnly] [ <CommonParameters>]

Parameter Set: AccountInactive
Search-ADAccount -AccountInactive [-AuthType <ADAuthType> {Negotiate | Basic} ] [-ComputersOnly] [-Credential <PSCredential> ] [-DateTime <DateTime> ] [-ResultPageSize <Int32> ] [-ResultSetSize <Int32> ] [-SearchBase <String> ] [-SearchScope <ADSearchScope> {Base | OneLevel | Subtree} ] [-Server <String> ] [-TimeSpan <TimeSpan> ] [-UsersOnly] [ <CommonParameters>]

Parameter Set: LockedOut
Search-ADAccount -LockedOut [-AuthType <ADAuthType> {Negotiate | Basic} ] [-ComputersOnly] [-Credential <PSCredential> ] [-ResultPageSize <Int32> ] [-ResultSetSize <Int32> ] [-SearchBase <String> ] [-SearchScope <ADSearchScope> {Base | OneLevel | Subtree} ] [-Server <String> ] [-UsersOnly] [ <CommonParameters>]

Parameter Set: PasswordExpired
Search-ADAccount -PasswordExpired [-AuthType <ADAuthType> {Negotiate | Basic} ] [-ComputersOnly] [-Credential <PSCredential> ] [-ResultPageSize <Int32> ] [-ResultSetSize <Int32> ] [-SearchBase <String> ] [-SearchScope <ADSearchScope> {Base | OneLevel | Subtree} ] [-Server <String> ] [-UsersOnly] [ <CommonParameters>]

Parameter Set: PasswordNeverExpires
Search-ADAccount -PasswordNeverExpires [-AuthType <ADAuthType> {Negotiate | Basic} ] [-ComputersOnly] [-Credential <PSCredential> ] [-ResultPageSize <Int32> ] [-ResultSetSize <Int32> ] [-SearchBase <String> ] [-SearchScope <ADSearchScope> {Base | OneLevel | Subtree} ] [-Server <String> ] [-UsersOnly] [ <CommonParameters>]




Descripción detallada

The Search-ADAccount cmdlet retrieves one or more user, computer, or service accounts that meet the criteria specified by the parameters. Search criteria include account and password status. For example, you can search for all accounts that have expired by specifying the AccountExpired parameter. Similarly, you can search for all accounts with an expired password by specifying the PasswordExpired parameter. You can limit the search to user accounts by specifying the UsersOnly parameter. Similarly, when you specify the ComputersOnly parameter, the cmdlet only retrieves computer accounts.

Some search parameters, such as AccountExpiring and AccountInactive use a default time that you can change by specifying the DateTime or TimeSpan parameter. The DateTime parameter specifies a distinct time. The TimeSpan parameter specifies a time range from the current time. For example, to search for all accounts that expire in 10 days, specify the AccountExpiring and TimeSpan parameter and set the value of TimeSpan to 10.00:00:00. To search for all accounts that expire before December 31, 2012, set the DateTime parameter to 12/31/2012.

Parámetros

-AccountDisabled

Specifies a search for accounts that are disabled. An account is disabled when the ADAccount Enabled property is set to false.


Alias

ninguno

¿Requerido?

true

¿Posición?

named

Valor predeterminado

ninguno

¿Aceptar canalización?

false

¿Aceptar caracteres comodín?

false

-AccountExpired

Specifies a search for accounts that are expired. An account is expired when the ADAccount AccountExpirationDate property is set to a time in the past. The Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP) display name (ldapDisplayName) for the AccountExpirationDate property is accountExpires.


Alias

ninguno

¿Requerido?

true

¿Posición?

named

Valor predeterminado

ninguno

¿Aceptar canalización?

false

¿Aceptar caracteres comodín?

false

-AccountExpiring

Indicates that this cmdlet searches for accounts that are expiring in a given time period or by a specified time. To specify a time period, use the AccountExpiring parameter with the TimeSpan parameter. To specify a specific time, use the AccountExpiring parameter with the DateTime parameter.


Alias

ninguno

¿Requerido?

true

¿Posición?

named

Valor predeterminado

ninguno

¿Aceptar canalización?

false

¿Aceptar caracteres comodín?

false

-AccountInactive

Indicates that this cmdlet searches for accounts that have not logged in within a given time period or since a specified time. To specify a time period, use the TimeSpan parameter. To specify a specific time, use the DateTime parameter. Note that this attribute is only used when the domain is in Windows Server 2003 Domain Functional Level, so this parameter will only work in that mode.


Alias

ninguno

¿Requerido?

true

¿Posición?

named

Valor predeterminado

ninguno

¿Aceptar canalización?

false

¿Aceptar caracteres comodín?

false

-AuthType<ADAuthType>

Specifies the authentication method to use. Los valores aceptables para este parámetro son los siguientes:

-- Negotiate or 0
-- Basic or 1

The default authentication method is Negotiate.

A Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) connection is required for the Basic authentication method.


Alias

ninguno

¿Requerido?

false

¿Posición?

named

Valor predeterminado

ninguno

¿Aceptar canalización?

false

¿Aceptar caracteres comodín?

false

-ComputersOnly

Indicates that this cmdlet searches only computer accounts.


Alias

ninguno

¿Requerido?

false

¿Posición?

named

Valor predeterminado

ninguno

¿Aceptar canalización?

false

¿Aceptar caracteres comodín?

false

-Credential<PSCredential>

Specifies the user account credentials to use to perform this task. The default credentials are the credentials of the currently logged on user unless the cmdlet is run from an Active Directory module for Windows PowerShell provider drive. If the cmdlet is run from such a provider drive, the account associated with the drive is the default.

To specify this parameter, you can type a user name, such as User1 or Domain01\User01 or you can specify a PSCredential object. If you specify a user name for this parameter, the cmdlet prompts for a password.

You can also create a PSCredential object by using a script or by using the Get-Credential cmdlet. You can then set the Credential parameter to the PSCredential object.

If the acting credentials do not have directory-level permission to perform the task, Active Directory module for Windows PowerShell returns a terminating error.

Specifies the credentials for the security context under which the task is performed. If this security context doesn't have directory level permissions to perform the task, then an error is returned by the directory. If running under the context of an Active Directory module for Windows PowerShell provider drive, the credentials information associated with the drive is used as the default value; otherwise, the currently logged on user security context is used.


Alias

ninguno

¿Requerido?

false

¿Posición?

named

Valor predeterminado

ninguno

¿Aceptar canalización?

false

¿Aceptar caracteres comodín?

false

-DateTime<DateTime>

Specifies a distinct time value for Search-ADAccount parameters such as AccountExpiring, AccountInactive, and PasswordExpiring.

Time is assumed to be local time unless otherwise specified. When a time value is not specified, the time is assumed to midnight local time. If you do not specify a date, the date is assumed to be the current date. The following examples show commonly-used syntax to specify a DateTime object.

"4/17/2006"
"Monday, April 17, 2006"
"2:22:45 PM"
"Monday, April 17, 2006 2:22:45 PM"

These examples specify the same date and the time without the seconds.

"4/17/2006 2:22 PM"
"Monday, April 17, 2006 2:22 PM"
"2:22 PM"

The following example shows how to specify a date and time by using the RFC1123 standard. This example defines time by using Greenwich Mean Time (GMT).

"Mon, 17 Apr 2006 21:22:48 GMT"

The following example shows how to specify a value as Coordinated Universal Time (UTC). This example represents Monday, April 17, 2006 at 2:22:48 PM UTC.

"2000-04-17T14:22:48.0000000"

The following example shows how to set the AccountExpiring parameter to a DateTime value of June 18, 2012 at 2:00:00 AM.

-AccountExpiring -DateTime "6/18/2012 2:00:00 AM"


Alias

ninguno

¿Requerido?

false

¿Posición?

named

Valor predeterminado

ninguno

¿Aceptar canalización?

false

¿Aceptar caracteres comodín?

false

-LockedOut

Indicates that this cmdlet searches for accounts that are locked out.


Alias

ninguno

¿Requerido?

true

¿Posición?

named

Valor predeterminado

ninguno

¿Aceptar canalización?

false

¿Aceptar caracteres comodín?

false

-PasswordExpired

Indicates that this cmdlet searches for accounts that have an expired password.


Alias

ninguno

¿Requerido?

true

¿Posición?

named

Valor predeterminado

ninguno

¿Aceptar canalización?

false

¿Aceptar caracteres comodín?

false

-PasswordNeverExpires

Indicates that this cmdlet searches for accounts that have a password that does not expire.


Alias

ninguno

¿Requerido?

true

¿Posición?

named

Valor predeterminado

ninguno

¿Aceptar canalización?

false

¿Aceptar caracteres comodín?

false

-ResultPageSize<Int32>

Specifies the number of objects to include in one page for an Servicios de dominio de Active Directory query.

The default is 256 objects per page.


Alias

ninguno

¿Requerido?

false

¿Posición?

named

Valor predeterminado

ninguno

¿Aceptar canalización?

false

¿Aceptar caracteres comodín?

false

-ResultSetSize<Int32>

Specifies the maximum number of objects to return for an Servicios de dominio de Active Directory query. If you want to receive all of the objects, set this parameter to $Null (null value). You can use Ctrl+C to stop the query and return of objects. The default is $Null.

The following example shows how to set this parameter so that you receive all of the returned objects:

-ResultSetSize $Null


Alias

ninguno

¿Requerido?

false

¿Posición?

named

Valor predeterminado

ninguno

¿Aceptar canalización?

false

¿Aceptar caracteres comodín?

false

-SearchBase<String>

Specifies an Active Directory path to search.

When you run a cmdlet from an Active Directory provider drive, the default value of this parameter is the current path of the drive.

When you run a cmdlet outside of an Active Directory provider drive against an Active Directory Domain Services (AD DS) target, the default value of this parameter is the default naming context of the target domain.

When you run a cmdlet outside of an Active Directory provider drive against an Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services (AD LDS) target, the default value is the default naming context of the target AD LDS instance if one has been specified by setting the msDS-defaultNamingContext property of the Active Directory service agent object nTDSDSA for the AD LDS instance. If no default naming context has been specified for the target AD LDS instance, then this parameter has no default value.

The following example shows how to set this parameter to search under an organizational unit.

-SearchBase “ou=mfg,dc=noam,dc=corp,dc=contoso,dc=com”

When the value of the SearchBase parameter is set to an empty string and you are connected to a global catalog port, all partitions are searched. If the value of the SearchBase parameter is set to an empty string and you are not connected to a global catalog port, an error is generated.


Alias

ninguno

¿Requerido?

false

¿Posición?

named

Valor predeterminado

ninguno

¿Aceptar canalización?

false

¿Aceptar caracteres comodín?

false

-SearchScope<ADSearchScope>

Specifies the scope of an Active Directory search. Los valores aceptables para este parámetro son los siguientes:

-- Base or 0
-- OneLevel or 1
-- Subtree or 2

A Base query searches only the current path or object. A OneLevel query searches the immediate children of that path or object. A Subtree query searches the current path or object and all children of that path or object.


Alias

ninguno

¿Requerido?

false

¿Posición?

named

Valor predeterminado

ninguno

¿Aceptar canalización?

false

¿Aceptar caracteres comodín?

false

-Server<String>

Specifies the Servicios de dominio de Active Directory instance to connect to, by providing one of the following values for a corresponding domain name or directory server. The service may be any of the following: Active Directory Lightweight Domain Services, Servicios de dominio de Active Directory or Active Directory snapshot instance.

Specify the Servicios de dominio de Active Directory instance in one of the following ways:

Domain name values:

-- Fully qualified domain name
-- NetBIOS name

Directory server values:

-- Fully qualified directory server name
-- NetBIOS name
-- Fully qualified directory server name and port

The default value for this parameter is determined by one of the following methods in the order that they are listed:

-- By using the Server value from objects passed through the pipeline
-- By using the server information associated with the Servicios de dominio de Active Directory Windows PowerShell provider drive, when the cmdlet runs in that drive
-- By using the domain of the computer running Windows PowerShell


Alias

ninguno

¿Requerido?

false

¿Posición?

named

Valor predeterminado

ninguno

¿Aceptar canalización?

false

¿Aceptar caracteres comodín?

false

-TimeSpan<TimeSpan>

Specifies a time interval. This parameter is used to specify a time value for Search-ADAccount parameters such as AccountExpiring. Specify the time interval in the following format:

[-]D.H:M:S.F

where:

-- D = Days (0 to 10675199)
-- H = Hours (0 to 23)
-- M = Minutes (0 to 59)
-- S = Seconds (0 to 59)
-- F= Fractions of a second (0 to 9999999)

Note: Time values must be between the following values: -10675199:02:48:05.4775808 and 10675199:02:48:05.4775807.

The following examples show how to set this parameter.

Set the time to 2 days

-TimeSpan "2"

Set the time span to the previous 2 days

-TimeSpan "-2"

Set the time to 4 hours

-TimeSpan "4:00"

For example, to search for all accounts that are expiring in 10 days, specify the AccountExpiring and TimeSpan parameters as follows.

-AccountExpiring -TimeSpan "10"


Alias

ninguno

¿Requerido?

false

¿Posición?

named

Valor predeterminado

ninguno

¿Aceptar canalización?

false

¿Aceptar caracteres comodín?

false

-UsersOnly

Indicates that this cmdlet searches for user accounts only.


Alias

ninguno

¿Requerido?

false

¿Posición?

named

Valor predeterminado

ninguno

¿Aceptar canalización?

false

¿Aceptar caracteres comodín?

false

<CommonParameters>

Este cmdlet admite los siguientes parámetros comunes: -Verbose, -Debug, -ErrorAction, -ErrorVariable, -OutBuffer y -OutVariable. Para obtener más información, consulte about_CommonParameters (http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/p/?LinkID=113216).

Entradas

El tipo de entrada es el tipo de los objetos que se pueden canalizar al cmdlet.

  • None

Salidas

El tipo de resultado es el tipo de objetos que emite el cmdlet.

  • Microsoft.ActiveDirectory.Management.ADAccount

    This cmdlet returns one or more account objects that meet the conditions set by the parameters.


Ejemplos

Example 1: Get all users, computers, and service accounts that are disabled

This command returns all users, computers, and service accounts that are disabled.


PS C:\> Search-ADAccount -AccountDisabled | FT Name,ObjectClass -A

Example 2: Get all users that are disabled

This command returns all users that are disabled.


PS C:\> Search-ADAccount -AccountDisabled -UsersOnly | FT Name,ObjectClass -A

Example 3: Get all users, computers, and service accounts that are expired

This command returns all users, computers, and service accounts that are expired.


PS C:\> Search-ADAccount -AccountExpired | FT Name,ObjectClass -A

Example 4: Get all users, computers, and service accounts that will expire in a specified time

This command returns all users, computers, and service accounts that will expire in the next 6 days.


PS C:\> Search-ADAccount -AccountExpiring -TimeSpan 6.00:00:00 | FT Name,ObjectClass -A

Example 5: Get all accounts that have expire

This command returns all accounts where the password has expired.


PS C:\> Search-ADAccount -PasswordExpired | FT Name,ObjectClass -A

Example 6: Get all accounts that are locked out

This command returns all accounts that have been locked out.


PS C:\> Search-ADAccount -LockedOut | FT Name,ObjectClass -A

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