New-ADResourceProperty

更新日: 2015年7月

適用対象: Windows 8.1, Windows PowerShell 4.0, Windows Server 2012 R2

New-ADResourceProperty

Creates a resource property in Active Directory.

構文

Parameter Set: Default
New-ADResourceProperty [-DisplayName] <String> -ResourcePropertyValueType <ADResourcePropertyValueType> [-AppliesToResourceTypes <String[]> ] [-AuthType <ADAuthType> {Negotiate | Basic} ] [-Credential <PSCredential> ] [-Description <String> ] [-Enabled <Boolean> ] [-ID <String> ] [-Instance <ADResourceProperty> ] [-IsSecured <Boolean> ] [-OtherAttributes <Hashtable> ] [-PassThru] [-ProtectedFromAccidentalDeletion <Boolean> ] [-Server <String> ] [-SharesValuesWith <ADClaimType> ] [-SuggestedValues <ADSuggestedValueEntry[]> ] [-Confirm] [-WhatIf] [ <CommonParameters>]




詳細説明

The New-ADResourceProperty cmdlet creates a resource property in the directory.

パラメーター

-AppliesToResourceTypes<String[]>

Specifies the resource types to which this resource property is applied.


エイリアス

なし

必須?

false

位置は?

named

既定値

なし

パイプライン入力を許可する

false

ワイルドカード文字を許可する

false

-AuthType<ADAuthType>

Specifies the authentication method to use. このパラメーターに対して使用できる値:

-- Negotiate or 0
-- Basic or 1

The default authentication method is Negotiate.

A Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) connection is required for the Basic authentication method.


エイリアス

なし

必須?

false

位置は?

named

既定値

Microsoft.ActiveDirectory.Management.AuthType.Negotiate

パイプライン入力を許可する

false

ワイルドカード文字を許可する

false

-Credential<PSCredential>

Specifies the user account credentials to use to perform this task. The default credentials are the credentials of the currently logged on user unless the cmdlet is run from an Active Directory PowerShell provider drive. If the cmdlet is run from such a provider drive, the account associated with the drive is the default.

To specify this parameter, you can type a user name, such as User1 or Domain01\User01 or you can specify a PSCredential object. If you specify a user name for this parameter, the cmdlet prompts for a password.

You can also create a PSCredential object by using a script or by using the Get-Credential cmdlet. You can then set the Credential parameter to the PSCredential object.

If the acting credentials do not have directory-level permission to perform the task, Active Directory module for Windows PowerShell returns a terminating error.


エイリアス

なし

必須?

false

位置は?

named

既定値

なし

パイプライン入力を許可する

false

ワイルドカード文字を許可する

false

-Description<String>

Specifies a description of the object. This parameter sets the value of the Description property for the object. The LDAP Display Name (ldapDisplayName) for this property is description.


エイリアス

なし

必須?

false

位置は?

named

既定値

なし

パイプライン入力を許可する

True (ByPropertyName)

ワイルドカード文字を許可する

false

-DisplayName<String>

Specifies the display name of the resource property. The display name of the resource property must be unique.

The display name of a resource property can be used as an identity in other Active Directory cmdlets. For example, if the display name of a resource property is Country, then you can type Get-ADResourceProperty -Identity "Country" to get the resource property.


エイリアス

なし

必須?

true

位置は?

1

既定値

なし

パイプライン入力を許可する

True (ByPropertyName)

ワイルドカード文字を許可する

false

-Enabled<Boolean>

Indicates whether the resource property is enabled.


エイリアス

なし

必須?

false

位置は?

named

既定値

False

パイプライン入力を許可する

True (ByPropertyName)

ワイルドカード文字を許可する

false

-ID<String>

Specifies the resource property ID. This is an optional parameter. By default, New-ADResourceProperty generates the ID automatically.

The ID should only be set manually in a multi-forest environment where the same resource properties need to work across forests. For resource properties to be considered identical across forests, their ID must be the same.

To specify the ID, the ID string must conform to the following format:

-- Start with a prefix string of one to 15 characters in length.
-- The prefix string must be followed by an underscore.
-- The prefix string and underscore must be followed by a suffix string of 1 to 16 characters in length.
-- All characters contained in either prefix or suffix strings must contain only valid filename characters.


エイリアス

なし

必須?

false

位置は?

named

既定値

Auto-generated

パイプライン入力を許可する

True (ByPropertyName)

ワイルドカード文字を許可する

false

-Instance<ADResourceProperty>

Specifies an instance of a resource property object to use as a template for a new resource property object.

You can use an instance of an existing resource property object as a template or you can construct a new resource property object by using the Windows PowerShell command line or by using a script.

Method 1: Use an existing resource property object as a template for a new object. To retrieve an instance of an existing resource property object, use a cmdlet such as Get-ADResourceProperty. Then provide this object to the Instance parameter of the New-ADResourceProperty cmdlet to create a new resource property object. You can override property values of the new object by setting the appropriate parameters.

Method 2: Create a new ADResourceProperty and set the property values by using the Windows PowerShell command line interface. Then pass this object to the Instance parameter of the New-ADResourceProperty cmdlet to create the new resource property object.

Note: Specified attributes are not validated, so attempting to set attributes that do not exist or cannot be set raises an error.


エイリアス

なし

必須?

false

位置は?

named

既定値

なし

パイプライン入力を許可する

false

ワイルドカード文字を許可する

false

-IsSecured<Boolean>

Indicates whether the resource property is secure. Only secure resource properties can be used for authorization decisions or used within central access rules. Unsecured resource properties cannot be used for these purposes.


エイリアス

なし

必須?

false

位置は?

named

既定値

True

パイプライン入力を許可する

True (ByPropertyName)

ワイルドカード文字を許可する

false

-OtherAttributes<Hashtable>

Specifies object attribute values for attributes that are not represented by cmdlet parameters. You can set one or more parameters at the same time with this parameter. If an attribute takes more than one value, you can assign multiple values. To identify an attribute, specify the LDAPDisplayName (ldapDisplayName) defined for it in the Active Directory schema.

To specify a single value for an attribute:

-OtherAttributes @{'AttributeLDAPDisplayName'=value}

To specify multiple values for an attribute

-OtherAttributes @{'AttributeLDAPDisplayName'=value1,value2,...}

You can specify values for more than one attribute by using semicolons to separate attributes. The following syntax shows how to set values for multiple attributes:

-OtherAttributes @{'Attribute1LDAPDisplayName'=value; 'Attribute2LDAPDisplayName'=value1,value2;...}


エイリアス

なし

必須?

false

位置は?

named

既定値

なし

パイプライン入力を許可する

false

ワイルドカード文字を許可する

false

-PassThru

作業中の項目を表すオブジェクトを返します。既定では、このコマンドレットによる出力はありません。


エイリアス

なし

必須?

false

位置は?

named

既定値

なし

パイプライン入力を許可する

false

ワイルドカード文字を許可する

false

-ProtectedFromAccidentalDeletion<Boolean>

Specifies whether to prevent the object from being deleted. When this property is set to true, you cannot delete the corresponding object without changing the value of the property. このパラメーターに対して使用できる値:

-- $False or 0
-- $True or 1


エイリアス

なし

必須?

false

位置は?

named

既定値

なし

パイプライン入力を許可する

True (ByPropertyName)

ワイルドカード文字を許可する

false

-ResourcePropertyValueType<ADResourcePropertyValueType>

Specifies the value type for a resource property. When a resource property is passed to a resource manager (for example, File Server), the resource manager leverages the resource property value type to determine how to handle the resource property.

You can use the Get-ADResourcePropertyValueType cmdlet to get the list of resource property value types.

Below is a list of the built-in resource property value types available in Active Directory:

-- MS-DS-SinglevaluedChoice
-- MS-DS-YesNo
-- MS-DS-Number
-- MS-DS-DateTime
-- MS-DS-OrderedList
-- MS-DS-Text
-- MS-DS-MultivaluedText
-- MS-DS-MultivaluedChoice


エイリアス

なし

必須?

true

位置は?

named

既定値

なし

パイプライン入力を許可する

True (ByPropertyName)

ワイルドカード文字を許可する

false

-Server<String>

Specifies the AD DS instance to connect to, by providing one of the following values for a corresponding domain name or directory server. The service may be any of the following: AD LDS, AD DS, or Active Directory snapshot instance.

Specify the AD DS instance in one of the following ways:

Domain name values:

-- Fully qualified domain name
-- NetBIOS name

Directory server values:

-- Fully qualified directory server name
-- NetBIOS name
-- Fully qualified directory server name and port

The default value for this parameter is determined by one of the following methods in the order that they are listed:

-- By using the Server value from objects passed through the pipeline
-- By using the server information associated with the AD DS Windows PowerShell provider drive, when the cmdlet runs in that drive
-- By using the domain of the computer running Windows PowerShell


エイリアス

なし

必須?

false

位置は?

named

既定値

なし

パイプライン入力を許可する

false

ワイルドカード文字を許可する

false

-SharesValuesWith<ADClaimType>

Specifies a reference resource property. Reference resource properties do not provide their own suggested values, but rather use the suggested values from the claim type object specified in this parameter. This enables the resource property to always remain valid for use in comparisons to its referred claim type within a central access rule.


エイリアス

なし

必須?

false

位置は?

named

既定値

なし

パイプライン入力を許可する

True (ByPropertyName)

ワイルドカード文字を許可する

false

-SuggestedValues<ADSuggestedValueEntry[]>

Specifies one or more suggested values for the resource property. An application may choose to present this list of suggested values for the user to choose from. When RestrictValues is set to $True, the application should restrict the user to pick values from this list only.


エイリアス

なし

必須?

false

位置は?

named

既定値

なし

パイプライン入力を許可する

True (ByPropertyName)

ワイルドカード文字を許可する

false

-Confirm

コマンドレットを実行する前に、ユーザーに確認を求めます。


必須?

false

位置は?

named

既定値

false

パイプライン入力を許可する

false

ワイルドカード文字を許可する

false

-WhatIf

コマンドレットを実行するとどのような結果になるかを表示します。コマンドレットは実行されません。


必須?

false

位置は?

named

既定値

false

パイプライン入力を許可する

false

ワイルドカード文字を許可する

false

<CommonParameters>

このコマンドレットは次の共通パラメーターをサポートします。-Verbose、-Debug、-ErrorAction、-ErrorVariable、-OutBuffer、-OutVariable.詳細については、以下を参照してください。 about_CommonParameters (http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/p/?LinkID=113216)。

入力

入力型は、コマンドレットにパイプできるオブジェクトの型です。

  • None or Microsoft.ActiveDirectory.Management.ADResourceProperty

出力

出力型は、コマンドレットによって生成されるオブジェクトの型です。

  • None or Microsoft.ActiveDirectory.Management.ADResourceProperty

  • This cmdlet does not work with an Active Directory Snapshot.

  • This cmdlet does not work with a read-only domain controller.

Example 1: Create a resource property

This command creates a resource property with the display name Authors. The resource property enables the names of multiple authors to be specified.


PS C:\> New-ADResourceProperty -DisplayName "Authors" -ResourcePropertyValueType MS-DS-MultivaluedText

Example 2: Create a resource property to include suggested values

This command creates a new resource property with display name Country. The suggested values are set to US and JP. Applications using this resource property would allow their users to specify one of the suggested values as this resource property's value.


PS C:\> $US = New-Object Microsoft.ActiveDirectory.Management.ADSuggestedValueEntry("US", "United States of America", "United States of America")
PS C:\> $JP = New-Object Microsoft.ActiveDirectory.Management.ADSuggestedValueEntry("JP", "Japan", "Japan")
PS C:\> New-ADResourceProperty -DisplayName "Country" -ResourcePropertyValueType MS-DS-MultivaluedChoice -SuggestedValues $US,$JP

Example 3: Create a resource property with shared values

This command creates a reference resource property with the display name Country. It uses an existing claim type named Country for its suggested values. This enables the resource property to be always valid for comparisons with the referenced claim type in a central access rule.


PS C:\> New-ADResourceProperty -DisplayName "Country" -ResourcePropertyValueType MS-DS-MultivaluedChoice -SharesValuesWith Country

Example 4: Create a multivalued text resource property

This command creates a resource property with the display name Authors, and sets its ID to Authors_60DB20331638.

The ID should only be set manually in a multi-forest environment where the same resource property must work across forests. By default, New-ADResourceProperty generates the ID automatically. For resource properties to be considered identical across forests, their ID must be the same.


PS C:\> New-ADResourceProperty -DisplayName "Authors" -ResourcePropertyValueType MS-DS-MultivaluedText -ID "Authors_60DB20331638"

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