New-ADClaimType

Windows Server 2012 R2 and Windows 8.1

업데이트 날짜: 2015년 7월

적용 대상: Windows 8.1, Windows PowerShell 4.0, Windows Server 2012 R2

New-ADClaimType

Creates a new claim type in Active Directory.

구문

Parameter Set: SourceAttribute
New-ADClaimType [-DisplayName] <String> -SourceAttribute <String> [-AppliesToClasses <String[]> ] [-AuthType <ADAuthType> {Negotiate | Basic} ] [-Credential <PSCredential> ] [-Description <String> ] [-Enabled <Boolean> ] [-ID <String> ] [-Instance <ADClaimType> ] [-IsSingleValued <Boolean> ] [-OtherAttributes <Hashtable> ] [-PassThru] [-ProtectedFromAccidentalDeletion <Boolean> ] [-RestrictValues <Boolean> ] [-Server <String> ] [-SuggestedValues <ADSuggestedValueEntry[]> ] [-Confirm] [-WhatIf] [ <CommonParameters>]

Parameter Set: SourceOID
New-ADClaimType [-DisplayName] <String> -SourceOID <String> [-AppliesToClasses <String[]> ] [-AuthType <ADAuthType> {Negotiate | Basic} ] [-Credential <PSCredential> ] [-Description <String> ] [-Enabled <Boolean> ] [-ID <String> ] [-Instance <ADClaimType> ] [-IsSingleValued <Boolean> ] [-OtherAttributes <Hashtable> ] [-PassThru] [-ProtectedFromAccidentalDeletion <Boolean> ] [-RestrictValues <Boolean> ] [-Server <String> ] [-Confirm] [-WhatIf] [ <CommonParameters>]

Parameter Set: SourceTransformPolicy
New-ADClaimType [-DisplayName] <String> -SourceTransformPolicy -ValueType <ADClaimValueType> {Invalid | Int64 | UInt64 | String | FQBN | SID | Boolean | OctetString} [-AppliesToClasses <String[]> ] [-AuthType <ADAuthType> {Negotiate | Basic} ] [-Credential <PSCredential> ] [-Description <String> ] [-Enabled <Boolean> ] [-ID <String> ] [-Instance <ADClaimType> ] [-IsSingleValued <Boolean> ] [-OtherAttributes <Hashtable> ] [-PassThru] [-ProtectedFromAccidentalDeletion <Boolean> ] [-RestrictValues <Boolean> ] [-Server <String> ] [-SuggestedValues <ADSuggestedValueEntry[]> ] [-Confirm] [-WhatIf] [ <CommonParameters>]




자세한 설명

The New-ADClaimType cmdlet creates a new claim type in Active Directory.

매개 변수

-AppliesToClasses<String[]>

This parameter is used to specify the security principal classes to which this claim applies. Possible values for this parameter include the following or any Active Directory type that derives from these base types:

-- User
-- Computer
-- InetOrgPerson
-- msDS-ManagedServiceAccount
-- msDS-GroupManagedServiceAccount


별칭

없음

필수 여부

false

위치

named

기본값

Depending on SourceAttribute / SourceOID, the value is set to User / Computer respectively

파이프라인 입력 적용 여부

True (ByPropertyName)

와일드카드 문자 허용 여부

false

-AuthType<ADAuthType>

Specifies the authentication method to use. 이 매개 변수에 허용되는 값은 다음과 같습니다.

-- Negotiate or 0
-- Basic or 1

The default authentication method is Negotiate.

A Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) connection is required for the Basic authentication method.


별칭

없음

필수 여부

false

위치

named

기본값

Microsoft.ActiveDirectory.Management.AuthType.Negotiate

파이프라인 입력 적용 여부

false

와일드카드 문자 허용 여부

false

-Credential<PSCredential>

Specifies the user account credentials to use to perform this task. The default credentials are the credentials of the currently logged on user unless the cmdlet is run from an Active Directory module for Windows PowerShell provider drive. If the cmdlet is run from such a provider drive, the account associated with the drive is the default.

To specify this parameter, you can type a user name, such as User1 or Domain01\User01 or you can specify a PSCredential object. If you specify a user name for this parameter, the cmdlet prompts for a password.

You can also create a PSCredential object by using a script or by using the Get-Credential cmdlet. You can then set the Credential parameter to the PSCredential object.

If the acting credentials do not have directory-level permission to perform the task, Active Directory module for Windows PowerShell returns a terminating error.


별칭

없음

필수 여부

false

위치

named

기본값

없음

파이프라인 입력 적용 여부

false

와일드카드 문자 허용 여부

false

-Description<String>

Specifies a description of the object. This parameter sets the value of the Description property for the object. The Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP) display name (ldapDisplayName) for this property is description.


별칭

없음

필수 여부

false

위치

named

기본값

없음

파이프라인 입력 적용 여부

True (ByPropertyName)

와일드카드 문자 허용 여부

false

-DisplayName<String>

Specifies the display name of the claim type, which must be unique. The display name of a claim type can be used as an identity in other Active Directory cmdlets. For example, if the display name of a claim type is Employee Type, then you can use the Get-ADClaimType cmdlet to retrieve the Employee Type claim type.


별칭

없음

필수 여부

true

위치

1

기본값

없음

파이프라인 입력 적용 여부

True (ByPropertyName)

와일드카드 문자 허용 여부

false

-Enabled<Boolean>

Specifies whether the claim type is enabled.


별칭

없음

필수 여부

false

위치

named

기본값

True

파이프라인 입력 적용 여부

True (ByPropertyName)

와일드카드 문자 허용 여부

false

-ID<String>

Specifies the claim type ID. This is an optional parameter. By default, New-ADClaimType generates the ID automatically.

The ID should only be set manually in a multi-forest environment where the same claim types need to work across forests. For claim types to be considered identical across forests, their ID must be the same.

To specify the ID, the ID string must conform to the following format:

-- The ID must have a maximum of 37 characters.
-- The ID must have at least one slash (/).
-- The ID must have at least one colon before the first slash.
-- The ID must not have the slash as the last character.
-- The ID must contain valid file characters only.

An example is ad://ext/BusinessImpact.


별칭

없음

필수 여부

false

위치

named

기본값

Auto-generated

파이프라인 입력 적용 여부

True (ByPropertyName)

와일드카드 문자 허용 여부

false

-Instance<ADClaimType>

Specifies an instance of a claim type object to use as a template for a new claim type object.

You can use an instance of an existing claim type object as a template or you can construct a new claim type object by using the Windows PowerShell command line or by using a script.

Method 1: Use an existing claim type object as a template for a new object. To retrieve an instance of an existing claim type object, use a cmdlet such as Get-ADClaimType. Then provide this object to the Instance parameter of the New-ADClaimType cmdlet to create a new claim type object. You can override property values of the new object by setting the appropriate parameters.

Method 2: Create a new claim type and set the property values by using the Windows PowerShell command line interface. Then pass this object to the Instance parameter of the New-ADClaimType cmdlet to create the new claim type object.

Note: Specified attributes are not validated, so attempting to set attributes that do not exist or cannot be set will raise an error.


별칭

없음

필수 여부

false

위치

named

기본값

없음

파이프라인 입력 적용 여부

false

와일드카드 문자 허용 여부

false

-IsSingleValued<Boolean>

Specifies whether the claim type is single valued or multi-valued.


별칭

없음

필수 여부

false

위치

named

기본값

True

파이프라인 입력 적용 여부

True (ByPropertyName)

와일드카드 문자 허용 여부

false

-OtherAttributes<Hashtable>

Specifies object attribute values for attributes that are not represented by cmdlet parameters. You can set one or more parameters at the same time with this parameter. If an attribute takes more than one value, you can assign multiple values. To identify an attribute, specify the LDAPDisplayName (ldapDisplayName) defined for it in the Active Directory schema.

Syntax:

To specify a single value for an attribute:

-OtherAttributes @{'AttributeLDAPDisplayName'=value}

To specify multiple values for an attribute

-OtherAttributes @{'AttributeLDAPDisplayName'=value1,value2,...}

You can specify values for more than one attribute by using semicolons to separate attributes. The following syntax shows how to set values for multiple attributes:

-OtherAttributes @{'Attribute1LDAPDisplayName'=value; 'Attribute2LDAPDisplayName'=value1,value2;...}


별칭

없음

필수 여부

false

위치

named

기본값

없음

파이프라인 입력 적용 여부

false

와일드카드 문자 허용 여부

false

-PassThru

작업하고 있는 항목을 나타내는 개체를 반환합니다. 기본적으로 이 cmdlet은 출력을 생성하지 않습니다.


별칭

없음

필수 여부

false

위치

named

기본값

없음

파이프라인 입력 적용 여부

false

와일드카드 문자 허용 여부

false

-ProtectedFromAccidentalDeletion<Boolean>

Specifies whether to prevent the object from being deleted. When this property is set to $True, you cannot delete the corresponding object without changing the value of the property. 이 매개 변수에 허용되는 값은 다음과 같습니다.

-- $False or 0
-- $True or 1


별칭

없음

필수 여부

false

위치

named

기본값

없음

파이프라인 입력 적용 여부

True (ByPropertyName)

와일드카드 문자 허용 여부

false

-RestrictValues<Boolean>

This parameter is used to specify whether the claim type may have values outside of the SuggestedValues parameter. If this is set to true, then the claim should only have values specified in the SuggestedValues parameter.

Note that Active Directory does not enforce this restriction. It is up to the applications that use these claims to enforce the restriction.


별칭

없음

필수 여부

false

위치

named

기본값

True

파이프라인 입력 적용 여부

True (ByPropertyName)

와일드카드 문자 허용 여부

false

-Server<String>

Specifies the Active Directory 도메인 서비스 instance to connect to, by providing one of the following values for a corresponding domain name or directory server. The service may be any of the following: Active Directory Lightweight Domain Services, Active Directory 도메인 서비스 or Active Directory snapshot instance.

Specify the Active Directory 도메인 서비스 instance in one of the following ways:

Domain name values:

-- Fully qualified domain name
-- NetBIOS name

Directory server values:

-- Fully qualified directory server name
-- NetBIOS name
-- Fully qualified directory server name and port

The default value for this parameter is determined by one of the following methods in the order that they are listed:

-- By using the Server value from objects passed through the pipeline
-- By using the server information associated with the Active Directory 도메인 서비스 Windows PowerShell provider drive, when the cmdlet runs in that drive
-- By using the domain of the computer running Windows PowerShell


별칭

없음

필수 여부

false

위치

named

기본값

없음

파이프라인 입력 적용 여부

false

와일드카드 문자 허용 여부

false

-SourceAttribute<String>

Specifies an Active Directory attribute from which this claim type is based, and from which the claim value is obtained. The input must be the distinguished name, Name, or GUID of the attribute definition in the schema.

Acceptable values include attributes of the following schema class objects:User, InetOrgPerson, Computer, ManagedServiceAccount, GroupManagedServiceAccount, and Auxiliary, except for the following attributes:

Attributes marked as defunct in the schema- Blocked attributes such as dBCSPwd, lmPwdHistory, and unicodePwd
Attributes that are not replicated
Attributes that are not available on read-only domain controllers
Attributes with syntaxes not based on the following:

-- String Object (DS-DN)
-- String (Unicode)
-- Boolean
-- Integer
-- Large Integer
-- String (OID)
-- String (SD)


별칭

없음

필수 여부

true

위치

named

기본값

없음

파이프라인 입력 적용 여부

True (ByPropertyName)

와일드카드 문자 허용 여부

false

-SourceOID<String>

Specifies a string that can be used to configure a certificate-based claim type source. For example, use this parameter to create certificate-based claim types when you want to use smartcard logon claims for authorization decisions. The SourceOID parameter uses the string representation of an object identifier (OID) from the issuance policy found in the certificate and on the certificate template when using Active Directory Certificate Services. An example of an OID is 1.3.6.1.4.1.311.47.2.5.


별칭

없음

필수 여부

true

위치

named

기본값

없음

파이프라인 입력 적용 여부

True (ByPropertyName)

와일드카드 문자 허용 여부

false

-SourceTransformPolicy

Indicates that the claim type is sourced from the claims transformation policy engine.


별칭

없음

필수 여부

true

위치

named

기본값

없음

파이프라인 입력 적용 여부

True (ByPropertyName)

와일드카드 문자 허용 여부

false

-SuggestedValues<ADSuggestedValueEntry[]>

Specifies one or more suggested values for the claim type. An application may choose to present this list of suggested values for the user to choose from. When the RestrictValues parameter is set to a value of $True, the application should limit the user to selecting values from this list only.


별칭

없음

필수 여부

false

위치

named

기본값

없음

파이프라인 입력 적용 여부

True (ByPropertyName)

와일드카드 문자 허용 여부

false

-ValueType<ADClaimValueType>

Specifies the value type for this claim type. The following are the valid value types:

-- Int64
-- UInt64
-- String
-- FQBN
-- SID
-- Boolean
-- OctetString


별칭

없음

필수 여부

true

위치

named

기본값

없음

파이프라인 입력 적용 여부

True (ByPropertyName)

와일드카드 문자 허용 여부

false

-Confirm

cmdlet을 실행하기 전에 확인 메시지가 표시됩니다.


필수 여부

false

위치

named

기본값

false

파이프라인 입력 적용 여부

false

와일드카드 문자 허용 여부

false

-WhatIf

cmdlet이 실행될 경우 결과 동작을 표시합니다. cmdlet이 실행되지 않습니다.


필수 여부

false

위치

named

기본값

false

파이프라인 입력 적용 여부

false

와일드카드 문자 허용 여부

false

<CommonParameters>

이 cmdlet은 일반 매개 변수 -Verbose, -Debug, -ErrorAction, -ErrorVariable, -OutBuffer 및 -OutVariable을 지원합니다. 자세한 내용은 다음을 참조하세요. about_CommonParameters(http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/p/?LinkID=113216).

입력

입력 유형은 cmdlet에 파이프할 수 있는 개체의 유형입니다.

  • None or Microsoft.ActiveDirectory.Management.ADClaimType

출력

출력 유형은 cmdlet이 내보내는 개체의 유형입니다.

  • None or Microsoft.ActiveDirectory.Management.ADClaimType

참고

  • This cmdlet does not work with an Active Directory snapshot.

  • This cmdlet does not work with a read-only domain controller.

예제

Example 1: Create a new user claim type with a display name

This command creates a new user claim type with display name Title that is sourced from the Active Directory attribute title.


PS C:\> New-ADClaimType -DisplayName "Title" -SourceAttribute "title"

Example 2: Create a new user claim type with a display name

This example creates a new user claim type with display name Employee Type that is sourced from the Active Directory attribute employeeType. The suggested values are set to FTE, Intern, and Contractor. Applications using this claim type would allow their users to specify one of the suggested values as this claim type's value.


PS C:\> $FullTime = New-Object Microsoft.ActiveDirectory.Management.ADSuggestedValueEntry("FTE", "Full-Time", "Full-time employee") 
PS C:\> $Intern = New-Object Microsoft.ActiveDirectory.Management.ADSuggestedValueEntry("Intern", "Intern", "Student employee") 
PS C:\> $Contractor = New-Object Microsoft.ActiveDirectory.Management.ADSuggestedValueEntry("Contractor", "Contractor", "Contract employee") 
PS C:\> New-ADClaimType -DisplayName "Employee Type" -SourceAttribute "employeeType" -SuggestedValues $FullTime,$Intern,$Contractor

Example 3: Create a new device claim type with a display name with the source destination

This command creates a new device claim type with display name Bitlocker Enabled with the source OID 1.3.6.1.4.1.311.67.1.1. The claim type set to disabled.


PS C:\> New-ADClaimType -DisplayName "Bitlocker Enabled" -SourceOID "1.3.6.1.4.1.311.67.1.1" -Enabled $False

Example 4: Create a new user claim type with a display name that is sourced from an Active Directory attribute

This command creates a new user claim type with display name Title that is sourced from the Active Directory attribute title and ID set to ad://ext/title.

The ID should only be set manually in a multi-forest environment where the same claim type needs to work across forests. By default, New-ADClaimType generates the ID automatically. For claim types to be considered identical across forests, their ID must be the same.


PS C:\> New-ADClaimType -DisplayName "Title" -SourceAttribute "title" -ID "ad://ext/title"

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