New-ADFineGrainedPasswordPolicy

Windows Server 2012 R2 and Windows 8.1

업데이트 날짜: 2015년 7월

적용 대상: Windows 8.1, Windows PowerShell 4.0, Windows Server 2012 R2

New-ADFineGrainedPasswordPolicy

Creates a new Active Directory fine-grained password policy.

구문

Parameter Set: Default
New-ADFineGrainedPasswordPolicy [-Name] <String> [-Precedence] <Int32> [-AuthType <ADAuthType> {Negotiate | Basic} ] [-ComplexityEnabled <Boolean> ] [-Credential <PSCredential> ] [-Description <String> ] [-DisplayName <String> ] [-Instance <ADFineGrainedPasswordPolicy> ] [-LockoutDuration <TimeSpan> ] [-LockoutObservationWindow <TimeSpan> ] [-LockoutThreshold <Int32> ] [-MaxPasswordAge <TimeSpan> ] [-MinPasswordAge <TimeSpan> ] [-MinPasswordLength <Int32> ] [-OtherAttributes <Hashtable> ] [-PassThru] [-PasswordHistoryCount <Int32> ] [-ProtectedFromAccidentalDeletion <Boolean> ] [-ReversibleEncryptionEnabled <Boolean> ] [-Server <String> ] [-Confirm] [-WhatIf] [ <CommonParameters>]




자세한 설명

The New-ADFineGrainedPasswordPolicy cmdlet creates a new Active Directory fine-grained password policy. You can set commonly used fine-grained password policy property values by using the cmdlet parameters. Property values that are not associated with cmdlet parameters can be set by using the OtherAttributes parameter.

You must set the Name and Precedence parameters to create a new fine-grained password policy.

The following methods explain different ways to create an object by using this cmdlet.

Method 1: Use the New-ADFineGrainedPasswordPolicy cmdlet, specify the required parameters, and set any additional property values by using the cmdlet parameters.

Method 2: Use a template to create the new object. To do this, create a new fine-grained password policy object or retrieve a copy of an existing fine-grained password policy object and set the Instance parameter to this object. The object provided to the Instance parameter is used as a template for the new object. You can override property values from the template by setting cmdlet parameters. For examples and more information, see the Instance parameter description for this cmdlet.

Method 3: Use the Import-Csv cmdlet with the New-ADFineGrainedPasswordPolicy cmdlet to create multiple Active Directory fine-grained password policy objects. To do this, use the Import-Csv cmdlet to create the custom objects from a comma-separated value (CSV) file that contains a list of object properties. Then pass these objects through the pipeline operator to the New-ADFineGrainedPasswordPolicy cmdlet to create the fine-grained password policy objects.

매개 변수

-AuthType<ADAuthType>

Specifies the authentication method to use. 이 매개 변수에 허용되는 값은 다음과 같습니다.

-- Negotiate or 0
-- Basic or 1

The default authentication method is Negotiate.

A Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) connection is required for the Basic authentication method.


별칭

없음

필수 여부

false

위치

named

기본값

Microsoft.ActiveDirectory.Management.AuthType.Negotiate

파이프라인 입력 적용 여부

false

와일드카드 문자 허용 여부

false

-ComplexityEnabled<Boolean>

Specifies whether password complexity is enabled for the password policy. If enabled, the password must contain three of the following four character types:

-- Uppercase characters (A, B, C, D, E, ...)
-- Lowercase characters (a, b, c, d, e, ...)
-- Numerals (0, 1, 2, 3, ...)
-- Special characters (#, $, *, %, ...)

This parameter sets the ComplexityEnabled property of a password policy. 이 매개 변수에 허용되는 값은 다음과 같습니다.

-- $False or 0. Disables password complexity.
-- $True or 1. Enables password complexity.


별칭

없음

필수 여부

false

위치

named

기본값

$true

파이프라인 입력 적용 여부

True (ByPropertyName)

와일드카드 문자 허용 여부

false

-Credential<PSCredential>

Specifies the user account credentials to use to perform this task. The default credentials are the credentials of the currently logged on user unless the cmdlet is run from an Active Directory module for Windows PowerShell provider drive. If the cmdlet is run from such a provider drive, the account associated with the drive is the default.

To specify this parameter, you can type a user name, such as User1 or Domain01\User01 or you can specify a PSCredential object. If you specify a user name for this parameter, the cmdlet prompts for a password.

You can also create a PSCredential object by using a script or by using the Get-Credential cmdlet. You can then set the Credential parameter to the PSCredential object.

If the acting credentials do not have directory-level permission to perform the task, Active Directory module for Windows PowerShell returns a terminating error.


별칭

없음

필수 여부

false

위치

named

기본값

없음

파이프라인 입력 적용 여부

false

와일드카드 문자 허용 여부

false

-Description<String>

Specifies a description of the object. This parameter sets the value of the Description property for the object. The Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP) display name (ldapDisplayName) for this property is description.


별칭

없음

필수 여부

false

위치

named

기본값

없음

파이프라인 입력 적용 여부

True (ByPropertyName)

와일드카드 문자 허용 여부

false

-DisplayName<String>

Specifies the display name of the object. This parameter sets the DisplayName property of the object. The LDAP display name (ldapDisplayName) for this property is displayName.


별칭

없음

필수 여부

false

위치

named

기본값

없음

파이프라인 입력 적용 여부

True (ByPropertyName)

와일드카드 문자 허용 여부

false

-Instance<ADFineGrainedPasswordPolicy>

Specifies an instance of a fine-grained password policy object to use as a template for a new fine-grained password policy object.

You can use an instance of an existing fine-grained password policy object as a template or you can construct a new fine-grained password policy object by using the Windows PowerShell command line or by using a script.

Method 1: Use an existing fine-grained password policy object as a template for a new object. To retrieve an instance of an existing fine-grained password policy object, use a cmdlet such as Get-ADFineGrainedPasswordPolicy. Then provide this object to the Instance parameter of the New-ADFineGrainedPasswordPolicy cmdlet to create a new fine-grained password policy object. You can override property values of the new object by setting the appropriate parameters.

Method 2: Create a new ADFineGrainedPasswordPolicy object and set the property values by using the Windows PowerShell command line interface. Then pass this object to the Instance parameter of the New-ADFineGrainedPasswordPolicy cmdlet to create the new Active Directory fine-grained password policy object.

Note: Specified attributes are not validated, so attempting to set attributes that do not exist or cannot be set will raise an error.


별칭

없음

필수 여부

false

위치

named

기본값

없음

파이프라인 입력 적용 여부

false

와일드카드 문자 허용 여부

false

-LockoutDuration<TimeSpan>

Specifies the length of time that an account is locked after the number of failed login attempts exceeds the lockout threshold. You cannot login to an account that is locked until the lockout duration time period has expired. This parameter sets the lockoutDuration property of a password policy object. The LDAP display name (ldapDisplayName) of this property is msDS-LockoutDuration.

The lockout duration must be greater than or equal to the lockout observation time for a password policy. Use the LockOutObservationWindow parameter to set the lockout observation time.

Specify the lockout duration time interval in the following format:

[-]D.H:M:S.F

where:

D = Days (0 to 10675199)

H = Hours (0 to 23)

M = Minutes (0 to 59)

S = Seconds (0 to 59)

F= Fractions of a second (0 to 9999999)


별칭

없음

필수 여부

false

위치

named

기본값

0.00:30:00 (30 Minutes)

파이프라인 입력 적용 여부

True (ByPropertyName)

와일드카드 문자 허용 여부

false

-LockoutObservationWindow<TimeSpan>

Specifies the maximum time interval between two unsuccessful login attempts before the number of unsuccessful login attempts is reset to 0. An account is locked when the number of unsuccessful login attempts exceeds the password policy lockout threshold. This parameter sets the lockoutObservationWindow property of a password policy object. The LDAP display name (ldapDisplayName) of this property is msDS-lockoutObservationWindow.

The lockout observation window must be smaller than or equal to the lockout duration for a password policy. Use the LockoutDuration parameter to set the lockout duration time.

Specify the time interval in the following format:

[-]D:H:M:S.F

where:

D = Days (0 to 10675199)

H = Hours (0 to 23)

M = Minutes (0 to 59)

S = Seconds (0 to 59)

F= Fractions of a second (0 to 9999999)

Note: Time values must be between the following values: 0:0:0:0.0 and 10675199:02:48:05.4775807.


별칭

없음

필수 여부

false

위치

named

기본값

0.00.30.00 (30 Minutes)

파이프라인 입력 적용 여부

True (ByPropertyName)

와일드카드 문자 허용 여부

false

-LockoutThreshold<Int32>

Specifies the number of unsuccessful login attempts that are permitted before an account is locked out. This number increases when the time between unsuccessful login attempts is less than the time specified for the lockout observation time window. This parameter sets the LockoutThreshold property of a password policy.


별칭

없음

필수 여부

false

위치

named

기본값

0

파이프라인 입력 적용 여부

True (ByPropertyName)

와일드카드 문자 허용 여부

false

-MaxPasswordAge<TimeSpan>

Specifies the maximum length of time that you can have the same password. After this time period, the password expires and you must create a new one.

This parameter sets the maxPasswordAge property of a password policy. The LDAP display name (ldapDisplayName) for this property is maxPwdAge.

Specify the time interval in the following format:

[-]D.H:M:S.F

where:

[-] = Specifies a negative time interval

D = Days (0 to 10675199)

H = Hours (0 to 23)

M = Minutes (0 to 59)

S = Seconds (0 to 59)

F= Fractions of a second (0 to 9999999)

Note: Time values must be between the following values: -10675199:02:48:05.4775808 and 10675199:02:48:05.4775807.


별칭

없음

필수 여부

false

위치

named

기본값

42.00:00:00 (42 days)

파이프라인 입력 적용 여부

True (ByPropertyName)

와일드카드 문자 허용 여부

false

-MinPasswordAge<TimeSpan>

Specifies the minimum length of time before you can change a password.

This parameter sets the minPasswordAge property of a password policy. The LDAP display name (ldapDisplayName) for this property is minPwdAge.

Specify the time interval in the following format:

[-]D.H:M:S.F

where:

[-] = Specifies a negative time interval

D = Days (0 to 10675199)

H = Hours (0 to 23)

M = Minutes (0 to 59)

S = Seconds (0 to 59)

F= Fractions of a second (0 to 9999999)

Note: Time values must be between the following values: -10675199:02:48:05.4775808 and 10675199:02:48:05.4775807.


별칭

없음

필수 여부

false

위치

named

기본값

1.00:00:00 (1day)

파이프라인 입력 적용 여부

True (ByPropertyName)

와일드카드 문자 허용 여부

false

-MinPasswordLength<Int32>

Specifies the minimum number of characters that a password must contain. This parameter sets the MinPasswordLength property of the password policy.


별칭

없음

필수 여부

false

위치

named

기본값

7

파이프라인 입력 적용 여부

True (ByPropertyName)

와일드카드 문자 허용 여부

false

-Name<String>

Specifies the name of the object. This parameter sets the Name property of the Active Directory object. The LDAP display name (ldapDisplayName) of this property is name.


별칭

없음

필수 여부

true

위치

1

기본값

없음

파이프라인 입력 적용 여부

True (ByPropertyName)

와일드카드 문자 허용 여부

false

-OtherAttributes<Hashtable>

Specifies object attribute values for attributes that are not represented by cmdlet parameters. You can set one or more parameters at the same time with this parameter. If an attribute takes more than one value, you can assign multiple values. To identify an attribute, specify the LDAPDisplayName (ldapDisplayName) defined for it in the Active Directory schema.

Syntax:

To specify a single value for an attribute:

-OtherAttributes @{'AttributeLDAPDisplayName'=value}

To specify multiple values for an attribute

-OtherAttributes @{'AttributeLDAPDisplayName'=value1,value2,...}

You can specify values for more than one attribute by using semicolons to separate attributes. The following syntax shows how to set values for multiple attributes:

-OtherAttributes @{'Attribute1LDAPDisplayName'=value; 'Attribute2LDAPDisplayName'=value1,value2;...}


별칭

없음

필수 여부

false

위치

named

기본값

없음

파이프라인 입력 적용 여부

false

와일드카드 문자 허용 여부

false

-PassThru

작업하고 있는 항목을 나타내는 개체를 반환합니다. 기본적으로 이 cmdlet은 출력을 생성하지 않습니다.


별칭

없음

필수 여부

false

위치

named

기본값

없음

파이프라인 입력 적용 여부

false

와일드카드 문자 허용 여부

false

-PasswordHistoryCount<Int32>

Specifies the number of previous passwords to save. A user cannot reuse a password in the list of saved passwords. This parameter sets the PasswordHistoryCount property for a password policy.


별칭

없음

필수 여부

false

위치

named

기본값

24

파이프라인 입력 적용 여부

True (ByPropertyName)

와일드카드 문자 허용 여부

false

-Precedence<Int32>

Specifies a value that defines the precedence of a fine-grained password policy among all fine-grained password policies. This parameter sets the Precedence property for a fine-grained password policy. The LDAP display name (ldapDisplayName) for this property is msDS-PasswordSettingsPrecedence.

This value determines which password policy to use when more than one password policy applies to a user or group. When there is a conflict, the password policy that has the lower Precedence property value has higher priority. For example, if PasswordPolicy1 has a Precedence property value of 200 and PasswordPolicy2 has a Precedence property value of 100, PasswordPolicy2 is used.

Typically, password policy precedence values are assigned in multiples of 10 or 100, making it easier to add policies at a later time. For example, if you set the initial precedence values for your policies to 100 and 200, you can add another policy that has precedence value of 150.

If the specified Precedence parameter is already assigned to another password policy object, the cmdlet returns a terminating error.


별칭

없음

필수 여부

true

위치

2

기본값

없음

파이프라인 입력 적용 여부

True (ByPropertyName)

와일드카드 문자 허용 여부

false

-ProtectedFromAccidentalDeletion<Boolean>

Specifies whether to prevent the object from being deleted. When this property is set to true, you cannot delete the corresponding object without changing the value of the property. 이 매개 변수에 허용되는 값은 다음과 같습니다.

-- $False or 0
-- $True or 1


별칭

없음

필수 여부

false

위치

named

기본값

없음

파이프라인 입력 적용 여부

True (ByPropertyName)

와일드카드 문자 허용 여부

false

-ReversibleEncryptionEnabled<Boolean>

Specifies whether the directory must store passwords using reversible encryption. This parameter sets the ReversibleEncryption property for a password policy. 이 매개 변수에 허용되는 값은 다음과 같습니다.

-- $False or 0
-- $True or 1


별칭

없음

필수 여부

false

위치

named

기본값

$true

파이프라인 입력 적용 여부

True (ByPropertyName)

와일드카드 문자 허용 여부

false

-Server<String>

Specifies the Active Directory 도메인 서비스 instance to connect to, by providing one of the following values for a corresponding domain name or directory server. The service may be any of the following: Active Directory Lightweight Domain Services, Active Directory 도메인 서비스 or Active Directory snapshot instance.

Specify the Active Directory 도메인 서비스 instance in one of the following ways:

Domain name values:

-- Fully qualified domain name
-- NetBIOS name

Directory server values:

-- Fully qualified directory server name
-- NetBIOS name
-- Fully qualified directory server name and port

The default value for this parameter is determined by one of the following methods in the order that they are listed:

-- By using the Server value from objects passed through the pipeline
-- By using the server information associated with the Active Directory 도메인 서비스Windows PowerShell provider drive, when the cmdlet runs in that drive
-- By using the domain of the computer running Windows PowerShell


별칭

없음

필수 여부

false

위치

named

기본값

없음

파이프라인 입력 적용 여부

false

와일드카드 문자 허용 여부

false

-Confirm

cmdlet을 실행하기 전에 확인 메시지가 표시됩니다.


필수 여부

false

위치

named

기본값

false

파이프라인 입력 적용 여부

false

와일드카드 문자 허용 여부

false

-WhatIf

cmdlet이 실행될 경우 결과 동작을 표시합니다. cmdlet이 실행되지 않습니다.


필수 여부

false

위치

named

기본값

false

파이프라인 입력 적용 여부

false

와일드카드 문자 허용 여부

false

<CommonParameters>

이 cmdlet은 일반 매개 변수 -Verbose, -Debug, -ErrorAction, -ErrorVariable, -OutBuffer 및 -OutVariable을 지원합니다. 자세한 내용은 다음을 참조하세요. about_CommonParameters(http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/p/?LinkID=113216).

입력

입력 유형은 cmdlet에 파이프할 수 있는 개체의 유형입니다.

  • None or Microsoft.ActiveDirectory.Management.ADFineGrainedPasswordPolicy

    A fine-grained password policy object that is a template for the new fine-grained password policy object is received by the Instance parameter.


출력

출력 유형은 cmdlet이 내보내는 개체의 유형입니다.

  • None or Microsoft.ActiveDirectory.Management.ADFineGrainedPasswordPolicy

    This cmdlet returns the new fine-grained password policy object when the PassThru parameter is specified. By default, this cmdlet does not generate any output.


참고

  • This cmdlet does not work with Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services (AD LDS).

  • This cmdlet does not work with a read-only domain controller.

  • This cmdlet does not work with an Active Directory snapshot.

예제

Example 1: Create a fine-grained password policy

This command creates a fine-grained password policy object named DomainUsersPSO and set the Precedence, ComplexityEnabled, Description, DisplayName, LockoutDuration, LockoutObservationWindw, and LockoutThreshold properties on the object.


PS C:\> New-ADFineGrainedPasswordPolicy -Name "DomainUsersPSO" -Precedence 500 -ComplexityEnabled $true -Description "The Domain Users Password Policy" -DisplayName "Domain Users PSO" -LockoutDuration "0.12:00:00" -LockoutObservationWindow "0.00:15:00" -LockoutThreshold 10

Example 2: Create fine-grained password policies using a template object

This example creates two new fine-grained password policy objects using a template object.


PS C:\> $TemplatePSO = New-Object Microsoft.ActiveDirectory.Management.ADFineGrainedPasswordPolicy
PS C:\> $TemplatePSO.ComplexityEnabled = $true
PS C:\> $TemplatePSO.LockoutDuration = [TimeSpan]::Parse("0.12:00:00")
PS C:\> $TemplatePSO.LockoutObservationWindow = [TimeSpan]::Parse("0.00:15:00")
PS C:\> $TemplatePSO.LockoutThreshold = 10
PS C:\> $TemplatePSO.MinPasswordAge = [TimeSpan]::Parse("0.00:10:00")
PS C:\> $TemplatePSO.PasswordHistoryCount = 24
PS C:\> $TemplatePSO.ReversibleEncryptionEnabled = $false
PS C:\> New-ADFineGrainedPasswordPolicy -Instance $TemplatePSO -Name "SvcAccPSO" -Precedence 100 -Description "The Service Accounts Password Policy" -DisplayName "Service Accounts PSO" -MaxPasswordAge "30.00:00:00" -MinPasswordLength 20
PS C:\> New-ADFineGrainedPasswordPolicy -Instance $TemplatePSO -Name "AdminsPSO" -Precedence 200 -Description "The Domain Administrators Password Policy" -DisplayName "Domain Administrators PSO" -MaxPasswordAge "15.00:00:00" -MinPasswordLength 10

관련 항목

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